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Transcript of In-Vitro Fertilization
What is InVitro
A reproductive technique used to fertilize egg cells outside the female’s body. A man's sperm and the woman's egg are combined in a laboratory dish, where fertilization occurs.
The word 'vitro' means 'glass', hence the name 'In Vitro Fertilization'
Need for Assisted
SHOW SOME LOVE.
Who benefits from IVF?
How does it work?
Views on IVF
desire to have children is universal
; IVF is a successful method that allows couples and single women or men to have a child
to them. IVF is now recognized worldwide as an established treatment for infertility.
Over 1.5 million babies conceived through IVF have been born since 1978.
Physicians & Scientists
Pre- Implantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD)
Womans egg is fertilized in a Petri dish at a Laboratory.
After 3 days have gone by they take a part of the cell.
It is screened to see if there is a genetic disorder.
The embryos are then deemed healthy and without the genetic disorder that can potentially kill the baby.
cells are implanted back into the mother.
Only used for parents or children with :
serious life threatening diseases
Fragile X ,
Diamond Black fan Anemia
pre-implantation tissue typing (PITT)
Canadian law doesn’t allow PGD for traits that
aren’t life threatening
like skin colour, and gender selection.
This process reduces the chances of the parent’s offspring being born with a serious life threatening disease,
Only healthy embryos
are selected to be implanted back into the mother.
medical benefits to the healthy child outweigh unethical concerns of PGD .
Are you going to let your child suffer and die in your arms if you have the technology to create a new life which is invulnerable to genetic defects?
examples of Kids that have a
Case 1 : Child with Fancomi Anemia
A nine year old girl in the UK that had fancomi anemia (which is a blood disorder that
DESTROYS BONE MARROW
needed a bone marrow transfusion.
After searching worldwide to find a donor to save her life, the parents had
Her new savoir sibling was selected as an EMBRYO after several tests which showed that he had no sign of the disease.
When the child was born they collected the umbilical cord blood which has stem cells that match both children
when the brother turns
1 year old
they will collect
CASE 2: Charlie W.
He was born with
Diamond Black Fan Anemia
which prevents his body from creating red blood cells.
cannot make red blood cells
Charlie goes through
blood transfusions every 2 weeks
to keep his blood healthy.
Since Charlie only needed a
stem cell transplant
to help him re-grow the bone marrow, his parents decided to have and
and select a genetic match that would save Charlie’s life.
Now not only do they
have 1 child saved
but they will have
another beautiful life.
Charlie’s Brother Jamie was born free from the disease and was a
to his big brother Charlie.
After the doctors collected the
umbilical cord blood
and gave them to Charlie,
his bone marrow has shown no traces of Diamond black fan anemia
and he is living a healthy life along with his brother.
Case 3 : The Movie My sisters Keeper
The Movie My sisters Keeper is a great example of a Saviour sibling.
was created through in virto fertilization and PGD
. She was carefully selected by doctors to be the perfect genetic match for her older sister who suffers from
As the movie progresses
Anna gives her umbilical cord blood
to her sister
then later she finds out that she needs to
donate a kidney
for her sister
Has to go through
to help her sister
Fallopian Tube Blockage
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease/Sexually Transmitted Diseases.
Alchohol & Substance Abuse
Stress & Physcological Factors.
Age & Weight
Women who want to raise a child alone
Couples in a same sex relationship
Couples who want to diagnose and avoid genetic disorders
Quebec is the first Canadian pronvince to help fund IVF treatments
Quebec will fund 3 IVF treatment cycles
Believed to save the province $30 million dollars in health care given to premature babies
Ontario funds three IVF treatments for women with two blocked fallopian tubes
Couples have children that are biologically related to them.
Allows mothers to experience pregnancy and have a bond with their child.
parents who want multiple children
Fertilization & Embryo Development
2 Months Approx.
By Ailana.S, Yash.G, Tamandeep.K and Melissa.R
Genetically Related Children
Sinful. Playing God is not right.
You have to live with it.
It's your fate.
Same Sex Couples
It's going to cost a lot but having
a baby far outweighs that doesn't it?
How much will it cost?
Does my age matter?
I don't want a
Will it work?
All I want is child of our/my own.
A process where not only the
are made to
match their sibling
but also the
, so that if a transplant is ever needed the sibling can donate an organ and
chances of rejection are reduced
Having a baby of your own!
Going through IVF
70% chance of successful birth.
Oct 11 2007 - CFAS Press Release
Afraid of Multiple Births?
69% were singletons.
95% of multiple births were twins.
Oct 11 2007 - CFAS Press Release