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Transcript of Figurative Language
figurative language: Simile:
a combination of two things that are unalike, usually using the words "like" or "as." Metaphor:
a figure of speech in which there is an implied comparison between two unlike things; "like" or "as" is not used. Definition Works Cited: Figurative Language Figurative language is a word or a phrase that departs from everyday literal language for the sake of comparison, emphasis, clarity, or freshness. It is writing or speech not to be taken literally. Writers use it to express ideas in a vivid or imaginative way. Metaphors and similes are the two most common forms of figurative language used in writing. "All the world's a stage"—Shakespeare is one of the most quoted writers ever; he used figurative language so effectively that his works have not been forgotten even centuries after his death. Figurative language is a colorful take on word play by manipulating your words and adding them to others, unexpected objects or concepts. Using figurative language can distinguish your style of writing from others by making it more enjoyable to read. Other types of figurative language: Personification: Personification is the technique of giving a non-human thing human qualities such as hearing, feeling, talking, or making decisions. Writers use personification to emphasize something or make it stand out. Personification makes the material more interesting and creates a new way to look at every day things. Idiom: An idiom is a phrase that is made up of words which can't be understood by literal, or ordinary, meaning. For example, the idiom, or expression, "hit the road", has nothing to do with going out your door and smacking your street. It really means "go away". Hyperbole: A hyperbole is an exaggeration of the truth, usually meant to be humorous or funny. The sentence, "I can eat a million ice cream cones", is an exaggeration of the true fact that the speaker likes ice cream cones. Writers and poets use hyperbole to get a point across or to be funny. Alliteration: Alliteration is the repetition (repeating) of a consonant sound at the beginning of two or more words that are next to each other or near each other to create a feeling or mood. For example, in the sentence, "Fly away, my fine feathered friend!" the "f" sound is repeated over and over again. Continued . . . Continued . . . . Onomatopoeia: A word that sounds like the common sound of the object it is describing. Imagery: Appeals to the senses. It can be about inanimate objects or living things. Examples from "Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?"
1. "His eyes were like chips of broken glass . . . "
2. "he had shaggy, shabby black hair that looked crazy as a wig . . . "
3. "The restaurant was shaped like a big bottle," Metaphor Examples: Edwards, Mona. "Figurative language definitions and examples." Upload & Share PowerPoint presentations and documents. N.p., 18 May 2010. Web. 8 Apr. 2013. <http://www.slideshare.net/edwarmo/figurative-language-definitions-and-examples>.
"Examples of Figurative Language." Examples on YourDictionary. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Apr. 2013. <http://examples.yourdictionary.com/examples-of-figurative-language.html>.
"Figurative Language - Kids Konnect." Welcome To Kidskonnect - Kids Konnect. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Apr. 2013. <http://www.kidskonnect.com/subjectindex/20-educational/language-arts/343-figurative-language.html>.
"Literal and figurative language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Apr. 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Literal_and_figurative_language>.
Lubar, David. "Figurative language websites." Sturgeon R-V School District Sturgeon, MO. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Apr. 2013. <http://www.sturgeon.k12.mo.us/elementary/numphrey/subjectpages/languagearts/figuresofspeech.html>.
"Music in Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?." Shmoop: Homework Help, Teacher Resources, Test Prep. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Apr. 2013. <http://www.shmoop.com/where-you-going-where-you-been/music-symbol.html>.
Wolff, Tobias. The Vintage book of contemporary American short stories. New York: Vintage Contemporaries, 1994. Print.
By: Jenn Barger 1. Connie's house is a major metaphor used to explain Connie's character. Her house is in desperate need of repair as is Connie's image of herself.
2. Arnold Friend is not really a "friend," but a predator who repeatedly tries to lure Connie into going off with him; his appearance makes him seem human and less than human.
3. Music-"The music was always in the background," the narrator tells us, "like music in a church service, it was something to depend upon." Music is everywhere in this story, blaring out of radios in restaurants, cars, and homes. It's so omnipresent, in fact, that it seems to have worked its way into the very way characters think, act, and feel. For Connie, music is associated with sex; her feelings for boys are mixed up with "the insistent pounding of the music" and its "slow-pulsed joy." Arnold exploits the rhythm of popular music, with its repetition of catchy lyrics and simple melodies, when he cajoles Connie in a "simple lilting voice, exactly as if he were reciting the words to a song" (59). Because it's everywhere, music can introduce a number of different themes, including the effects of popular culture, the nature of sexual desire, and the dynamics of psychological manipulation.