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Poetry - Types & Traits

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by

Emily Grice

on 16 January 2015

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Transcript of Poetry - Types & Traits

Miss Grice - Literature & Composition
Poetry - Types & Traits
Poetry Traits
Poetry Traits
Free Verse
Poetry written with rhymed or unrhymed verse that has no set meter to it.

Robert Frost explains Free Verse poetry as "playing tennis without a net"



Disappointments
by Vivian Gilbert Zabel
Every life has a room
where memories are stored:
A box of special occasions here,
Shelves of shared laughter there.
But back in the shadows
Lurks a trunk locked tight,
Not to be opened and searched.
There hide disappointments
Which darken every heart.
Limerick
Often a funny poem with a strong beat.
Limericks are very light hearted poems and can sometimes be utter nonsense.
They are great for kids to both read and write as they are short and funny.
Structure: None
Structure:
*Limericks have 5 lines
*The first line of a limerick poem usually begins with 'There was a....' and ends with a name, person or place.
*Rhyme scheme of AABBA
*Lines 1,2 and 5 should have 7 – 10 syllables
*Lines 3 and 4 should have 5 – 7 syllables.

An example by Edward Lear (he's a famous old poet)
There was an old man with a beard
Who said, 'It is just as I feared,
Two owls and a hen
A lark and a wren
Have all built their nests in my beard!'


Sonnet
A lyrical poem of an expressive thought or idea
Structure: *Iambic Pantameter
*14 lines
*Each line has 10 syllables
*3 Quatrains followed by an ending Couplet
*Rhyme Scheme:
A
B
A
B
C
D
C
D
E
F
E
F
G
G
Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?
Thou art more lovely and more temperate:
Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,
And summer's lease hath all too short a date:
Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines,
And often is his gold complexion dimmed,
And every fair from fair sometime declines,
By chance, or nature's changing course untrimmed:
But thy eternal summer shall not fade,
Nor lose possession of that fair thou ow'st,
Nor shall death brag thou wander'st in his shade,
When in eternal lines to time thou grow'st,
So long as men can breathe, or eyes can see,
So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.

Sonnet 18
by William Shakespeare
Ballad
A poem that tells a story, which are often used in songs because of their rhyme. A ballad is a poetic story, often a love story.
Structure:
*Usually made up of Quatrains & Couplets
*Can be put to music, so usually there is a repeated refrain/chorus
*Often quite long (4-5 quatrains with some couplets)
The Walrus & The Carpenter
by Lewis Carroll
Cinquain
A poem is a verse of five lines that do not rhyme.
Structure:
*5 lines
*No lines rhyme
*Each line has an amount of syllables
-Line 1 - 2 syllables
-Line 2- 4 syllables
-Line 3- 6 syllables
-Line 4 - 8 syllables
-Line 5- 2 syllables
My Mum - Anonymous
My mum (2 syllables)
Is so caring (4 syllables)
She is always helpful (6 syllables)
She is so beautiful and kind (8 syllables)
Love you. (2 syllables)


Lyric
A poem that expresses personal and emotional feelings.

The writer of a lyric poem uses words that express his state of mind, his perceptions, or his feelings.
Lyric Poems can follow a diverse range of rhyme schemes (none specific)
I felt a Funeral, in my Brain,
And Mourners to and fro
Kept treading - treading - till it seemed
That Sense was breaking through -
And when they all were seated,
A Service, like a
Drum -Kept beating - beating - till I thought
My Mind was going numb -
And then I heard them lift a Box
And creak across my Soul
With those same Boots of Lead, again,
Then Space - began to toll,
As all the Heavens were a Bell,
And Being, but an Ear,
And I, and Silence, some strange
Race Wrecked, solitary, here -
And then a Plank in Reason, broke,
And I dropped down, and down -
And hit a World, at every plunge,
And Finished knowing - then -
I Felt a Funeral in My Brain
by Emily Dickinson
Ode
A lyric poem, usually addressing a particular person or thing.

Structure: Although no specific rhyme scheme, an Ode poem consists of similes, metaphors, hyperboles, & personification.
THE SCHOOL REPORT by Darryl Ashton
Acrostic
Type of poem where the first, last or other letters in a line spell out a particular word or phrase.
Haiku
A Japanese poem that can be written on many themes, from love to nature.
Structure:
*3 lines
*17 syllables
-Line 1 - 5 syllables
-Line 2 - 7 syllables
-Line 3 - 5 syllables
*Haikus don't have to rhyme, but advanced poets will usually rhyme lines 1 & 3
Stanza
Stanzas are groups of lines that help divide up a poem
Couplet
A couplet is a two-line stanza that traditionally rhymes
Quatrain
A four-lined stanza that rhymes, usually ABAB
Rhyme Scheme
A “rhyme scheme” is a way of describing the pattern of end rhymes in a poem.
Each new sound at the end of a line is given a letter, starting with “A,” then “B,” and so on.
If an end sound repeats the end sound of an earlier line, it gets the same letter as the earlier line.
Examples?????
Rhythm & Meter
Rhythm- An audible pattern in verse established by the intervals between stressed syllables.

Meter- The rhythmical pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in verse.
Line Break
Poetic device which is used at the end of a line and the beginning of the next line in a poem.
It could be used without traditional punctuation.
Also it can be described as a point where in a line is divided into two halves at the end of a line.
Sensory Details
Sensory details include sight, sound, touch, smell, and taste.
Writers employ the five senses to engage a reader's interest.
When sensory details are used, your readers can personally experience whatever you're trying to describe.
I went to the store and bought some flowers. Then I headed to the meat department. Later I realized I forgot to buy bread.
Read this:
WELCOME TO YAWN CITY!!!
*Make this sentence brand new with your own sensory details.
Iambic Pentameter
This is a type of meter that focuses on dividing each line by its syllables.
The line’s meter is divided into five pairs of two syllables each
Each line has to contain exactly ten syllables for the meter to be effective.
Let's go back to Shakespeare's Sonnet 18
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