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Copy of Nonfiction

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andrea allen

on 13 January 2014

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Transcript of Copy of Nonfiction

Elements of Nonfiction
Other important Elements of Nonfiction
Facts and Opinions

Subjective Writing

Objective Writing

Narrative and Expository Writing



Facts vs. Opinions
= can be proven to be true; uses numbers and statistics; people, places, and events

Examples: 1) President Obama is America's current president and has been elected for two terms.
2) California was the 31st state in the USA; it was admitted on September 9, 1850.

= A person(s) thoughts and feelings; can only be supported with evidence; can't be proven completely true

Examples: 1) Since 2000, America has been a very difficult place to make a living and raise a family.
2) It is important to eat a high protein breakfast every morning.
Expository writing involves people, places,
things, and events
Fiction vs. Nonfiction

Persuasive, eloquent, colorful, witty, convincing form of communication whether written or spoken

Most often associated with speeches, but used in many forms of literature
Subjective Writing Vs. Objective Writing
Subjective Writing:
Uses opinions from the author
Often supported with
Biased (one-sided)
Uses persuasion
Examples: Essay supporting longer school year; news article about how Obama damaged America's health care policy

Objective Writing:
Shows "whole picture"
Shows both sides of an issue
Balanced facts
No opinions or persuasion from author
Examples: Encylopedia entry about Iraq War; Magazine article about the latest technology
Types of Nonfiction
Journals & Magazines

News Articles

Summaries Atlases

Documentaries (video/tv format)
Writing style

Author's attitude

Feeling emitted and expressed

Revealed through author's words and language
Nonfiction is realistic, truthful writing and media
Important elements of nonfiction include: facts, opinions, objective and subjective writing, narrative and expository writing, tone, satire, and rhetoric

Fiction = fake; imaginary

Nonfiction = real; true
Autobiography Vs. Biography
Story of person’s life told by that person
Told in first-person point of view (I, we, me, us, my, our)
Focuses on events and people significant to the authors life.
Purposes are to entertain, explain, inform, express opinion, persuade.
Story of person’s life told by another person
Told in third-person point of view (he, she, it, them, they, her, him)
Based on factual research and interviews
Identifies strengths and weaknesses, achievements and failures of the subject.
Purposes are to be accurate about the person’s life, also to entertain, explain, or inform.
Journals Vs. Magazines
Are also called scholarly journals, academic journals, or peer-reviewed publications
They are written for and by professionals in the particular field.
They have bibliographies of sources consulted at the end of articles.
They use language or jargon that is specific to the field.
They usually have no illustrations or photos.
You usually can't buy a professional journal at a store.
Are also called general interest magazines.
They do not cite their sources, usually.
They use language that is understood by the general public.
They often have illustrations and photos.
Popular magazines can be bought at drugstores, grocery stores, or bookstores.
Types of Essays:
Essays are short works intended to
explain ideas.

Types of essays are:

Descriptive: show imagery and sensory details about a particular person, place, or event.
Narrative: tell a true story in chronological
Persuasive: expresses an opinion
Reflective: explore many feelings about a topic
Expository: explains information
News Article

Likewise, a inexperienced or unprofessional journalist may inadvertently or on purpose mix actual facts related to a news event and his or her own opinions of that occurrence. Again, it is the reader’s responsibility
to distinguish fact from opinion.


Some texts may combine objective writing and subjective writing. For example, a biographer may include his or her opinion of the person about whom he or she is writing, as well as report the facts regarding that person’s life. It is important to recognize which segments are written objectively and which are written subjectively.


Journalists who report the news write in an objective style. They stick to the facts and figures of the events they report; their purpose is strictly to inform the readers. Objective writing is also found in textbooks.

Objective Writing

Subjective writing is found in personal essays, in autobiographies, and in the editorial section of newspapers where journalists express their opinions about news events.

Subjective Writing

Subjective Vs. Objective

Objective writing presents facts and figures only. It does not include the writer’s beliefs or feelings.

Objective Writing

When writers emphasize or share their own personal feelings, thoughts, judgments, and opinions, their writing is defined as subjective.

Subjective Writing

Humorous and sarcastic writing and media

Seen in political and social cartoons, film, essays, articles, etc.

Focuses on world issues

Directed at humans and our actions and attitudes
The change of wording of some labels in order to make concepts more palatable is a form of rhetoric. For instance, the term "illegal immigrants" has been recently replaced in widespread media with terms such as "undocumented workers" in order to reduce the stigma placed on individuals with the label of "illegal" or to make future legislation regarding the status of individuals more palatable to those in opposition.
Nonfiction Books for Middle School Students
Witches: The Absolutely True Tale of Disaster in Salem
The Diary of a Young Girl
Heaven is for Real:A Little Boy's Astounding Story of his trip to Heaven and Back
Hitler's Youth: Growing up in Hitler's Shadow
Through My Eyes
Three Cups of Tea
Gifted Hands
Full transcript