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Kakadu National Park

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by

Joshua Murphy

on 7 December 2012

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Transcript of Kakadu National Park

Trip Advisors: Joshua Murphy & Carolyn Guerrero Climate Travel Information Kakadu National Park Two Main Seasons Dry Season Wet Season April to September
Humidity is low
Rain is unusual
Average max temperature is 32°C January to March
warm temperatures and rain.
average maximum temperature is 33°C
Annual rainfall is approximately 1,500mm Best Times To Visit Late March
When the wet season is ending May to June,
Climate is relatively cool with low humidity Geology Ecology Trip Advisors: Carolyn Guerrero & Josh Murphy Business Attractions: Escarpment
Flood Plains
Unconformity
Ingenous Intrusions
Ripple Marks
Cross Bedding
Conglomerates Destination of Stay: Darwin, Australia 171 Km Southwest of Kakadu National Park
(About 3 hours) Plants and Animals Freshwater Mangrove
(Itchy tree) waterlilies Water Pandanus Spike Rush Grasses Eucalypts ) Sunday March 17, 2013 Monday March 24, 2013 Depart 3:06 P.M.
El Paso, TX , United StatesEl Paso International Airport (ELP) Stop 1 5:58 P.M.
Houston, TX , United States
George Bush Airport (IAH) Terminal B

Depart 7:16 PM
Houston, TX , United States
George Bush Airport (IAH) Terminal C Stop 2 9:08 PM
Los Angeles, CA , United States
Los Angeles Airport, El Segundo (LAX) Terminal 6

Depart 10:15 PM
Los Angeles, CA , United States
Los Angeles Airport, El Segundo (LAX) Terminal 7 1 2 3 Stop 3 6:50 A.M.
Sydney, NS , Australia
Sydney Airport (SYD) Terminal 1

Depart 11:30 A.M.
Sydney, NS , Australia
Sydney Airport (SYD) Terminal 3 Arrive 2:30 P.M. 3/18/13
Darwin, NT , Australia
Darwin Airport (DRW) 4 5 Snake-necked turtles Estuarine crocodiles Wallabies Kingfishers Water Python Honeyeaters/
Lorikeets Arrive 6:48 P.M. 3/25/12
El Paso, TX , United States
El Paso International Airport (ELP) Stop 3 5:06 P.M.
Houston, TX , United States
George Bush Airport (IAH) Terminal C

Depart 5:43 P.M.
Houston, TX , United States
George Bush Airport (IAH) Terminal B Stop 2 9:50 A.M.
Los Angeles, CA , United States
Los Angeles Airport, El Segundo (LAX) Terminal 6

Depart 11:44 A.M.
Los Angeles, CA , United States
Los Angeles Airport, El Segundo (LAX) Terminal 7 Stop 1 6:35 AM
Sydney, NS , Australia
Sydney Airport (SYD) Terminal 3

Depart 2:20 PM
Sydney, NS , Australia
Sydney Airport (SYD) Terminal 1 Impact on Plant and Animal Life Impact on Environment
-Saltwater intrusions into freshwater
-Fire frequency and intensity
-Flood frequency and intensity
-Intensity of storm activity Climate:
-triggers life-cycle events
-changes water qualitites, affecting the distibution of fish
-increases or decreases photosynthesis 1 2 4 Wetlands are found in Northern Australia because of its location near the coast, which experiences strong tides. There are also many aquifers and springs in this area of Australia, which allows groundwater to seep up and become absorbed by the land in highly wet zones. Endangered Species 5 3 Gouldian Finch Factors contributing to the endangered classification: Many Gouldian finches were caught and kept as pets.
-Beautiful appearance made them popular
-Hunting is now banned
-Birds are still under threat Habitat and food source loss to fires:
-In finch habitats, farmers would set fire to the fields to grow pasture for their livestock
-The fires destroyed the seeds of the finches' food source
-Would also burn up the trees that were used as nesting grounds Palms City Resort Superior Motel Room for two
Free Breakfast Buffet
Check-In: March 18th, 2013
Check-Out: March 24th, 2013 What is being done to help them? Save the Gouldian Fund -established in 2005 to promote awareness and fund valuable research into the decline of the Gouldian finch
-sponsors homes for wild Gouldian finches Kakadu National Park Tour Full Day Luxury Coach And Cruise Tour Attraction Includes: Yellow Water Billabong Cruise View ancient Aboriginal rock art Visit the Warradjan Cultural Centre Day of Tour: Wednsday March 20, 2013
Departs: Darwin - 6.30am.
Finishes In: Darwin - Approx. 7:30pm
Hotel Pick Up
Provides Water and Lunch
Total Tour Costs for Two = $414 Entertainment: Mindil Beach
Deck Chair Cinema
Darwin Crocodile Farm
Berry Springs
Wave Lagoon Cost for Two = $30 Costs for Two = $20 Cost for Two $10 Total Entertainment Cost = $60

Darwin Public Bus Services

Cost for weekly pass for two = $30 Daily Transportation Budget Round Trip Flight
5 Night Palms City Resort
Transportation
Kakadu Tour
Entertainment
Meals Round Trip Flight 5 Nights at Palms City Resort Flight + Hotel Package Cost $5,434.38 $5,434.38 $30 $414 $60 + $6188.38 Total: $250 Native Foods: Australian Attire: No different than the U.S.
Although bush, slouch, and cork hats are more popular.
Extra items you should pack: good walking shoes, a hat, sunscreen, and a back pack for traveling. Depart 12:45 AM 3/24/13Darwin, NT , AustraliaDarwin Airport (DRW) Departure Return Climate Determines: Symbiotic Relationships Wallaby & Willy Wagtail Leguminous Plants and Nodule-forming bacteria Threats to Biodiversity Associated with Humans Degradation of habitat and landscapes by:
Vegetation Clearing
Introduced pest animals and weeds
Over usage of water resources
Widespread of Fertiliser and chemicals Exinction:
Greenhouse gas emissions alter climate by 2°C, which consequently alter Kakadu's natural habitats. Evident Consequences In Kakadu: Shifts in genetic composition
Altered migration pattern of bird species
Altered life cycled and reduced reproduction rates of certain species.
Mass coral bleachings triggered by sea temperature increases. Protection Laws: About half of Kakadu is Aboriginal land under the Aboriginal Land Rights (Northern Territory) Act 1976,

Proclaimed under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 Citations: Minolta, Konica, ed. http://www.konicaminolta.com/. Konica Minolta, n.d. Web. 1 Dec. 2012.
<http://www.konicaminolta.com/kids/endangered_animals/library/sky/gouldian-finch.html>. Australian Government. "The vulnerablility of Australia's biodiversity to climate change -
Overview." climatechange.gov.au. Australian Government, n.d. Web. 25 Nov. 2012.
<http://www.climatechange.gov.au/publications/biodiversity/~/media/publications/biodiversity/
vulnerability-overview.pdf>. Experience Northern Australia. "kakadu national park and the environment." wildplaces.net.au. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Dec. 2012. <http://www.wildplaces.net.au/enviro.htm>. STGF. "Welcome to Save The Gouldian Fund." SaveTheGouldian.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Nov. 2012.
<http://savethegouldian.org/index.html>. Australian Government. "Kakadu National Park management." Environment.gov.au. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Dec.
2012. <http://www.environment.gov.au/parks/kakadu/management/management.html>. Lafay B, Burdon JJ (2007) Molecular Diversity of Legume Root-Nodule Bacteria in Kakadu National Park, Northern Territory, Australia. PLoS ONE 2(3): e277. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0000277 AustralianTours Food Web Dingo Chief Industries and Commerce Echinada Termites Tourism:
-allows visitors to use the park appropriately and safely
-have an enriching experience while ensuring that the wetlands remain protected from human activities
-allows for the Bininj/ Mungguy (Aboriginese) to benefit Uranium mining:
-the Australian government legally owns many large Uranium deposits across the park
-sell the Uranium internationally Gum Trees Agriculture Tertiary Consumer Secondary Consumer Primary Consumer Primary Producer -No major agricultural industries
-Difficult to grow crops
-Plums are widely harvested in Wadeye
-250km sw of Kakadu
-in the past year, 300 kilos of plums were harvested Types of Soils Conditions and needs of wetlands highly vary:
-no single type of soil
-in Kakadu, the soils are very saline
-alluvial soil
-very rich
-washed down from higher elevations and deposited Impact of human activities:
-influence soil formation
-destroy natural vegetation through changing frequency and extent of fires
-soil tillage
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