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Pointillism in History

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Jose Luis Tejada

on 8 August 2014

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Transcript of Pointillism in History

Pointillism in History
History Context During Pointillism
What is Pointillism
Characteristics of Pointillism
The points have a pure hue.
Closely spaced points.
Many Points are used to represent a image.
These points are created by a very thin brush.
The artist uses hues of mainly of red, yellow, blue and green, with white.
The shades of these colors are created by the same arrangement of the colors mentioned above.
The paint used is oil paint.
Seurat lived primarily in Paris as a child with his father Antoine Seurat, his mother Ernestine Faivre, his brother Émile, and his sister Marie-Berthe.
He officially entered the École des Beaux-Arts in 1878.
Throughout his brief career, Seurat had a unusually strong interest in the scientific bases of art.
This helped him afterward to create pointillism since it uses the diffraction effect to make a large image with small dots.
Paul Signac, became his chief disciple, and painted many rough sketches on small boards in preparation for his masterpiece.
A Sunday on La Grande Jatte—1884. In December 1884 he exhibited the Baignade again, with the Société des Artistes Indépendents, which had a huge influence in the development of modern art.
Seurat developed infectious angina and died on 29 March 1891.
Personal Artistic Style
Seurat used points of color that are very closely together with short, brushstrokes which make discrete points paint which create a image, in the final work.
By: Jose Luis Tejada
Main Artists
Georges Seurat: (December 2, 1859-March 29, 1891)
Was the creator of this neo impressionism or pointillism. Born on Paris, France. He attended École des Beaux-Arts in 1878, when he first manifested an unusually strong interest in the intellectual and scientific bases of art. This took part in creating the pointillism.
Georges-Pierre Seurat
(2 December 1859 – 29 March 1891)
Pointillism is a art technique that uses tiny pure color points in different patterns to form a image. Pointillism originated as a branch of art from impressionism, which was originally know as neo-pointillism, but then called pointillism in the late 1800 and culminated in the very early 1900.
Historical Events
First airplane built by the Wright brothers.
Independence of Panama.
The Teddy bear is invented.
Historical Events
Construction of Statue of liberty is commenced.
Coca Cola is developed.
First Commercial automobile sold.

Historical Events
Eiffel Tower is inaugurated.
Van Gogh pains "Stary Night"
First Electrical power plant built.
Historical Events
First automobile model by Ford.
First Commercial radio transmitters introduced.
Georges Seurat's Art pieces
Paul Signac's Art Pieces:
Henri-Edmond Cross' Art Pieces
Baigneurs a Asnieres
Painted in 1884, retouched 1887
Sunday afternoon on the Grande Jatte
Painted from 1884-1886
The Seine at Le Grande Jatte
Painted in 1888
Paul Signac: (11 November 1863 – 15 August 1935)
Perhaps the most influential artist in the pointillism movement after Seurat. Also Born in Paris. After training in architecture he decided at the age of 18 to pursue a career as a painter after attending an exhibit of Monet's work. He Became Seurat's faithful supporter, friend and helped Seurat to develop impressionism.
Painted on 1886-1887
Painted on 1888-1890
The Jetty at Cassis
Painted on 1889
Henri-Edmond Cross: (20 May 1856 – 16 May 1910)
Despite his association with the Neo-Impressionists, Cross did not adopt their style for many years. He changed from his early, somber, Realist work to the brighter colors of pointillism. He became a major pointillism
Painted on 1895
The Return of the Fisherman
Painted on 1896
Pink Cloud:
Painted on 1896
Mathematically and Scientifically Minded
Georges Seurat's Masterpiece
Sunday afternoon on the Grande Jatte
Painted from 1884-1886
Elements Of Art
In this art piece line is shown on various aspects. Most of the lines in this art piece are very thin and they actually are composed of points. As well as all the art piece. The lines are curved in the natural figures and straight lines are shown clearly in the umbrella.
In this art piece the majority of the shapes are organic since they form natural and also man made objects such as, trees and sails in the background. However, geometrical shapes are also present in this art piece.
In this art piece although the represented objects are indeed three dimensional, the lack of depth and shade makes it hard to see that the objects are three dimensional. All the shapes are either realistic or natural. forms.
Since all the colors in this art piece are created by the diffraction of the composing colors. All the colors are created by pure hues closely interlaced together.
Again, since all the colors are created by using pure hues, the tints or shades for the specific color value are created by using either white hue or black hue to created the specific shades and tints.
The texture in this art piece isn't presented very clearly since there isn't a contrast of colors in a object due to the use hues to create each color.
In this art piece space is clearly shown since overlapping is shown to create space and there is a vanishing point were objects aren't focused to create space.
Other Georges Seurat's Art Pieces
Baigneurs a Asnieres
Painted in 1884, retouched 1887
The Seine at Le Grande Jatte
Painted in 1888
Hospice and Lighthouse
"Some say they see poetry in my paintings; I see only science."

"Originality depends only on the character of the drawing and the vision peculiar to each artist."

Self Portrait
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