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DRUGS

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by

Olivia Martinez

on 28 February 2014

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Transcript of DRUGS

DRUGS
Amy, Liv and Paul.

Class A;
Heroin, Cocaine, MDMA, Magic Mushrooms and LSD
How can drugs have an effect on the brain?
What are drugs?
Class B;
Cannabis, Amphetamines and Codeine
Class C;
Tranquillisers, Ketamine, Anabolic Steroids and GBL
Classifications
Aside from our regular legal, over the counter drugs, there are three class bands.
These bands include;
-Class A
-Class B
-Class C

A drug is a chemical or a substance which effects the way the body functions
Heroin
Pros;
Is a pain relief
Cons;
Highly addictive and easy to overdose on
Cocaine
Pros;
Boosts self confidence and makes person feel more relaxed
Cons;
Very expensive, insomnia and aggresive
Cannabis
Pros; Can relieve pain, relaxes the body
Amphetamines


Pros; Makes people feel wide awake and alert
Cons;Puts serious strain on the heart and many users have died from overdose
Tranquilliers

Pros; Helps the user to feel calm and
relaxed with relief of tention
Cons; Easy to be addicted to and will get withdrawal symptoms such as; decreasesd concentration, tremors and depression
Ketamine
Pros;
Increases energy levels
Relaxation
Cons; Can make you feel paranoid and anxious
Drugs effect the communication part of the brain as well as the the way the nerve cells normally send, receive and process the information.
These cells are called neurotransmitters. these are the cells which can alter our moods and feelings which is why people become addicted to the drug because of the 'good mood or feeling' they get from it'
The physical side of drugs
How can drugs make us look if we are addicted?
The type of drugs has different effects of the physical appearance of the person.
E.g. After a few year a heavy smoker could start to show premature wrinkling of the skin especially around the lips, yellow stained nails and teeth and could cause gum disease and loos of teeth.
It's not only on the outside it effects us..
What are the signs of an addict?
The signs of an somebody on a drug includes;
The physical signs;
red watery eyes, pupils larger or smaller the normal, extreme hyperactivity or slowed, slurred speech, staggered walk, needle marks, nausea or termmours.

Behavioral signs;
Change in personality, change of habits, bad temper or extreme sleepiness.
Drugs do not just effect people on the inside but also on the outside. many celebrity's have seriously damaged their appearances for the worse becasue of drugs and some have even died.
Lindsay Lohan
Started off taking one shot of cocaine when she was 18 and over-dosed but is currently in rehab for the 6th time after this one shot became and addiction.
Amy Winehouse
In and out of rehab after taking many drugs then as she got off drugs found it very difficult to cope as she turned to drinking and died due to alcohol abuse.
George Best
Died from taking medication he needed after his liver transplant after his liver failure due to being an alcoholic which started as a teen drinking recreational.
Marilyn Monroe
Dies from overdose of barbiturates
Legal Drugs

Tobacco
Alcohol
Caffeine
Pain killers
Tobacco
Smoking causes risk of heart disease, which can result to death. It's created higher risks for lung cancer and strokes.
Smoking under 18:
Young people can quickly develop nicotine dependence, and symptoms of dependence can develop soon after they have their first puff on a cigarette.

Stress and relaxation
Many people claim that smoking can help them cope with stress. However, nicotine is a stimulant which doesn't actually help you relax.

Withdrawal symptoms: include cravings, irritability, anxiety, difficulty concentrating, restlessness and disturbed sleep. However, these only last around a month.

Personal reasons for smoking: Some people use smoking as support for when things go wrong. Other's smoke to meet new people and make new friends or, they smoke to make themselves look confident and in control.




Alcohol
Alcohol is a legal drug in which you are able to purchase over the counter above the age of 18.

However, this drug acts as a depressant, which means it slows down your body's responses.

"People who drink heavily are more likely to suffer from mental health problems."

Why???

People sometimes chose to drink to have more courage when approaching others.
Improve mood/Appear happier

More than 1 in 10 deaths of people in their 40s are from liver disease, most are from alcoholic liver disease
Risks
Vulnerability
Unprotected sex
Alcohol poisoning
Appearance/ Weight
Caffeine
Risks:
Can cause headaches
Infertility
Forceful heart contractions
Good effects:
Can increase memory
Detox liver
Stimulate hair growth
Can ease depression
Increase stamina

Ketamine seems to have the unusual capacity to disconnect the physical being from the psychic self, which some describe as an ‘out-of-body’ experience.
Cons;
Increases heart rate
Difficulty speaking
Panic attacks
Bladder problems
Hallucinations
Statistics
One in 12 young people between the ages of 15 and 24 in the UK - more than 670,000 - said they have taken "legal highs"

Alcohol and drug abuse costs the UK £21 billion

12% of people aged 16-24 think it is ok to use cocaine occasionally, compared to 21% of those aged 25-34
over 90% of people have been in ‘drug offer’ situations by age of 17.

cannabis = most widely used illicit drug

followed by, ecstasy, amphetamine and cocaine

crack cocaine more and more prevalent
A game!
Everybody stand up!
Another game!
Who wants to volunteer????
How does drugs effect the community?
Myths about Drugs
Drugs that are legal are helpful, illegal drugs are harmful
Marijuana is not bad for you
Addicts can't recover
Driving is not affected by the influence of drugs
Addiction
Drug addiction is a chronic, often relapsing brain disease that causes compulsive drug seeking and use despite harmful consequences to the individual who is addicted and those around them.
No single factor can predict whether or not a person will become addicted to drugs. The more risk factors an individual has,the greater the chance that taking drugs can lead to addiction.
Types of effect – 3 categories
Stimulant
Depressant
Hallucinogenic
Stimulants
energy up

concentration

social confidence

‘alive’ & ‘alert’
Depressant
life management

‘warm blanket’

euphoria

relaxation
hallucinogenics
change ‘reality’ by distorting perception

induce hallucinations – sight, sound, touch

tend to ‘amplify’ mood state

Very unpredictable, ‘bad trips’

often long acting
Full transcript