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ARMY WARRIOR

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Nick Mocabee

on 8 January 2016

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Transcript of ARMY WARRIOR

Employ Progressive Levels of Individual Force

Conduct Operations According to the Law of War

Identify Combatant and Non Combatant Personnel and Hybrid Threats

Search and Individual in a Tactical Environment

ARMY WARRIOR
TRAINING
Conditions:
You are a member of a section or team that is securing a critical area or defusing a civil disturbance and you are approached or confronted by one or more hostile individual. You have your individual weapon, personal protection equipment (PPE), and the rules of engagement (ROE).
You are a student preparing for an assignment to a squad level position in a unit which has missions that include operations that are governed by the law of war.
You are assigned the mission of searching an individual for weapons or contriband, given surgical/disposable gloves, a person to provide overwatch, and a translator if available. You have the authorization to search, and the person may or may not have weapons or contraband concealed on his/her person.
SubTasks:
Instructors:

SGT Bustamante
SGT Stripling
SPC Mocabee

14
In a garrison environment, where a Soldier is required to demonstrate an understanding of the various personnel in an Operational Environment (OE). Standard MOPP conditions do not exist for this task.
Conditions:
Conditions:
Conditions:
Employ Progressive Levels of Individual Force
1. Assess the situation by identifying the level of hostile civilian threat.

a.
Verbal.
b.
Physical without weapons
(touching, pushing).
c.
Physical with weapons
(rocks, clubs, spitting).
d.
Physical with firearms
shown.

e.
Physical with firearms
used
.
2. Report the situation immediately to the section/team leader.
3. Isolate hostile civilian(s), if possible.
Standards:
Identify the combatant and non-combatant personnel and hybrid threats within an OE.
Standards:
Identifies 80% of the acts that violate key elements of the law of war
Standards:
Search an individual, locating weapons and contraband on the person, while maintain control of the individual throughout the search. Determine the final course of action based on the situation and the result of the search.
Standards:
Correctly employ EoF procedures for a blocking position to reduce or eliminate the use of lethal force and collateral damage during mission operations.

4. Employ no more force than is necessary to control the situation using graduated response measures.

a. Avoid confrontation if possible. Do not deliberately instigate, threaten, provoke, or bluff.
b. Speak sternly to the civilian and state the peaceful intent of your mission.
c. Tell the civilian to "STAND BACK" and warn him that you may have to use force.
d. If the civilian places his hands on your body, use your riot baton or MP club to brush back the civilian.
e. If the civilian attempts to inflict bodily harm, use any authorized materials.
f. Use your individual weapon in self-defense only and fire to wound or disable if possible.


5. Establish and maintain control of the situation.


On Learning!
Were the police correct about how they handled the riot?
What was right/wrong?
How would you have handled the riot according to the levels of individual force procedures?
Combat Operations according to the Laws of War
Combatants are lawful targets:
Combatants are defined as follows: Anyone engaging in hostilities in an armed conflict on behalf of a party to the conflict. Normally a Combatant: is under responsible command, wears a distinctive sign recognizable at a distance, carries arms openly, and abides by the laws of war. Combatants are lawful targets unless “out of combat.”

Military Objective are lawful targets
: Military objectives are defined as combatants, defended places, and those objects which by their nature, location, purpose or use make an effective contribution to military action.

Incidental Injury and Collateral Damage
: This refers to unavoidable damage to civilian personnel/cultural property incurred while attacking a military objective. Incidental (a/k/a collateral) damage is not a violation of international law. While no law of war treaty defines this concept, its inherent lawfulness is implicit in treaties referencing the concept.

Civilians:
Civilians and civilian property may not be the subject or sole object of a military attack. Civilians are persons who are not members of the enemy's armed forces and who do not take part in the hostilities.
Noncombatants:
The laws of war prohibits attacks on noncombatants.
Wounded and Sick in the Field and at Sea: Those soldiers who have fallen by reason of sickness or wounds and who cease to fight are to be respected and protected. Shipwrecked includes downed passengers/crews on aircraft, ships in peril, and castaways.
Prisoners of War:
Surrender may be made by any means that communicates the intent to give up. There is no clear-cut rule as to what constitutes surrender. However, most agree surrender constitutes a cessation of resistance and placement of one's self at the discretion of the captor.


Parachutists of disabled aircraft:
Paratroopers are presumed to be on a military mission and therefore may be targeted. Parachutists who are crewmen of a disabled aircraft are presumed to be out of combat and may not be targeted unless it's apparent they are engaged on a hostile mission.
Medical Personnel: Considered out of combat if they are exclusively engaged in medical duties. They may not be directly attacked, however, accidental killing or wounding of such personnel due to their proximity to military objectives "gives no just cause for complaint."
On Learning!
1. What is a combatant?


2. May civilians be the subject or sole object of a military attack ?



3. What are the four concepts of the lawful conduct of war?



4. Can we attack transports of the enemy’s wounded personnel ?


5. What are the rights of a prisoner of war?

Combatants are defined as anyone engaging in hostilities in an armed conflict on behalf of a party to the conflict.
No. Civilians and civilian property may not be the subject or sole object of a military attack.
The concepts of the lawful conduct of war- the bounds of lawful use of force – is defined by the concepts of military necessity, humanity, proportionality and discrimination.
No. Transports of the wounded and sick or of medical equipment shall not be attacked. Medical transports may include ambulances, medical ships, and medical aircraft.
POWs have the right to receive the basic necessities to stay in good health, keep personal property, to have a copy of the Geneva Conventions available to them, to make requests regarding the conditions of captivity to the camp commandant and the right to practice their religion.

Examples of Measures Designed to Protect Civilian Property from the Consequences of Combat.


• It is always unlawful to intentionally target civilians or civilian property.

• Combatants should take all reasonable steps to shield civilians and their property from the unintended consequences of combat (Collateral Damage)

• Civilian Property may only be taken for a legitimate military need.

• Make minimization of collateral damage a key factor in the targeting process.

• Do not treat several military targets located in a general civilian area as one large target.

• Use real or artificial observation assets for indirect fire missions.

Summary
Medical Transport:
Transports of the wounded and sick or of medical equipment shall not be attacked. Medical transports may include ambulances, medical ships, and medical aircraft. Under the Geneva Conventions of 1949, medical aircraft were protected from direct attack only if they flew in accordance with a previous agreement between the parties as to their route, time, and altitude.

1. Military Necessity: The Law of War / Law of Armed conflict allows combatants to take actions - with respect to targeting and engagement - that are not specifically prohibited by international law (i.e., convention law) and that are necessary and directly related to the prompt submission of the enemy. The concept of military necessity NEVER allows for a waiver of the law of war.

2. Humanity: Arms, projectiles and material calculated to cause unnecessary suffering and or destruction of property are prohibited. Otherwise lawful arms cannot be used so as to cause unnecessary suffering.

3. Proportionality: the loss of life and damage to property incidental to an attack must not be excessive in relation to the concrete and direct military advantage gained.

4. Discrimination: attacks must be directed against a specific, military target.
Lawful Conducts of War
P.O.W.
Right to receive the basic necessities to stay in good health.
Accommodate the POWs food habits.
Entitled to keep their personal property.
Take from prisoners any weapon, or military equipment they would not need for health, protection, or shelter reasons.
POWs have the right to make requests regarding the conditions of captivity to the camp commandant.
Right to practice Religion.
If POW violates the camp rules and regulations, he can be punished either by a court-martial or an administrative proceeding.
Identify Combatant and Non-Combatant Personnel and Hybrid Threats
5S': (search, silence, segregate, safeguard, and speed to the rear)
Performance Steps
1.
Identify the combatant and/or noncombatant personnel within an OE.
a. Identify Armed Combatants:
(1). Regular military forces
(2). Internal security forces.
(3). Insurgent organizations.
(4). Guerilla organizations.
(5). Private security organizations
(6). Criminal organizations

b. Identify Unarmed Combatants:
(1). Unarmed nonmilitary personnel who may decide to support
hostilities-recruiting, financing, intelligence- gathering, providing targeting
information, supply brokering, transportation, courier, information warfare
(videographers), improvised explosive device (IED) fabricators.
(2). Unarmed combatants may possibly be affiliated with paramilitary organizations.
(3). Includes support that takes place off the battlefield.
(4). Other examples of unarmed combatants-medical teams, media
(local, national, international), non- governmental organizations/private voluntary organizations (NGOs/PVOs), Trans-national corporations, foreign government and diplomatic personnel, internally displaced persons (IDPs), transients, local populace.
c. Identify the following types of Noncombatant.
(1) Media personnel.
(2). Humanitarian Relief Organizations.
(3). Multinational Corporations.
(4). Criminal organizations.
(5). Private Security Organizations.
(6). Other Noncombatants and Civilian Population Support.
(7). Information Warfare elements.
2. Identify Hybrid Threats within an OE.


On Learning!
Search and Individual in a Tactical Environment
1. Determine which type of search to perform based on the situation. NOTE:This should be done in conjunction with an interpreter or language handbook of the local population, if available.
a. Stand-up search with hand restraints.
b. Stand-up search without hand restraints.
c. Frisk search.
d. Prone search.
e. Strip search. If a strip search is required, it is conducted in a place of confinement/privacy by a qualified person.)




2. Conduct a stand-up search with hand restraints (handirons or flexicuffs).
a. Direct the subject to—
(1) Turn and face away from you.
(2) Spread his feet until you say "Stop."
(3) Point his toes outward.
(4) Bring his hands behind his back with palms out and thumbs upward.
(5) Stand still. NOTE:If the subject resists, attempts to escape, or must be thrown down before the search is complete, restart the search from the beginning.
b. Ensure that the overwatch Soldier is in the correct position. NOTE:
c. Approach the subject cautiously, apply hand restraints, and maintain positive control of the subject throughout the search.
d. Position yourself behind the subject and remain balanced, with your front foot forward and rear foot to the outside of the subject's feet.
e. Search the subject's headgear.
(1) Remove the headgear carefully.
(2) Bend the seams of the headgear before crushing to detect hidden razor blades or similar items.
(3) Complete the search of the headgear, and place it on the ground.
f. Search the subject using the pat-and-crush method in the following sequence: NOTE:Mentally divide the body into two parts, and repeat the search for both sides in the same sequence, overlapping areas in the center.
(1) The head and hair.
(2) The selected side from arm to shoulder.
(3) The neck and collar. Bring neckwear worn by the subject to the back, and carefully look for weapons or contraband.
(4) The selected side of the back to the waist.
(5) The selected side of the chest to the waist. NOTE:When searching females, check the bra by pulling out the center far enough to allow concealed weapons or contraband to fall out.
(6) The waistband, from the front to the middle of the back.
a Bend the material and then crush it to detect razor blades.
b Check between the belt and the pants, the pants and the undergarment, and the undergarment and the skin.
(7) The selected side of the buttocks. NOTE:Squat when searching the lower half of the subject's body so you are not placed in an unbalanced position.
(8) The selected side hip, abdomen, and crotch.
(9) The selected side leg from the crotch to the top of the shoe.
10) The selected side shoe. Check the top edge of the boot or shoe by carefully inserting a finger in the top edge to feel for weapons.
g. Reverse the position of your feet, and search the opposite side.

Search With Cuffs
Without Cuffs
Procedures
3. Conduct a stand-up search without hand restraints. NOTE:The decision to place hand restraints on the subject before searching must be based on the situation and according to the local Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) or policy. It is always safer to have the subject restrained before searching, but in some instances, you may not be authorized. Obtain guidance from your supervisor if you are unsure.
a. Direct the subject to —
(1) Raise his arms above his head, lock his elbows, and spread his fingers with palms facing you.
(2) Turn so that his back is toward you.
(3) Spread his feet apart (more than shoulder width), with his toes pointed out.
(4) Interlock his fingers and place his hands on the crown of his head.
b. Ensure that the overwatch Soldier is in the correct position.
c. Position yourself behind the subject and remain balanced, with your front foot forward and rear foot to the outside of the subject's feet.
d. Search the headgear.
(1) Direct the subject to raise his interlocked hands off his head.
(2) Remove the headgear.
(3) Direct the subject to return his interlocked hands to his head.
(4) Bend the seams of the headgear before crushing to detect hidden razor blades or similar items. Complete the search of the headgear, and place it on the ground.
e. Search the subject using the pat-and-crush method in the following sequence:
(1) Grasp two fingers of the subject's right hand, or both of the interlocked hands with your left hand. Apply pressure, and pull the subject slightly backward to keep the subject off balance.
(2) The head and hair.
(3) The selected side from arm to shoulder.
(4) The neck and collar. Bring neckwear worn by the subject to the back, and carefully look for weapons or contraband.
(5) The selected side of the back to the waist.
(6) The selected side of the chest to the waist. NOTE:When searching females, check the bra by pulling out the center far enough to allow concealed weapons or contraband to fall out.
(7) The waistband, from the front to the middle of the back.
a. Bend the material and then crush it to detect razor blades.
b. Check between the belt and the pants, the pants and the undergarment, and the undergarment and the skin.
(8) The selected side of the buttocks. NOTE:Squat when searching the lower half of the subject's body so you are not placed in an unbalanced position.
(9) The selected side hip, abdomen, and crotch.
(10) The selected side leg from the crotch to the top of the shoe.
(11) The selected side shoe. Check the top edge of the boot or shoe by carefully inserting a finger in the top edge to feel for weapons.
f. Reverse the search to the subject's opposite side.
(1) Grasp two fingers of the subject's left hand with your opposite hand or grasp the interlocked hands with both hands without releasing the subject's right fingers.
(2) Reverse the position of your feet.
(3) Search the opposite side of the subject's body in the same manner as the right side.
4. Conduct a frisk search.
a. Position the subject. Direct the subject to —
(1) Raise his arms above his head, lock his elbows, and spread his fingers with palms facing you.
(2) Turn so that his back is toward you.
(3) Spread his feet apart (more than shoulder width), with his toes pointed out.
(4) Interlock his fingers and place his hands on the crown of his head.
b. Ensure that the overwatch Soldier is in the correct position.
c. Conduct the frisk similar to the stand-up search, except use the massaging method rather than the crushing method to locate weapons. NOTE:Although the main intent of a frisk is to ensure that the subject is not carrying a weapon, other contraband found can still be used against the subject. However, be prepared to justify your actions in legal proceedings that result from the search.
(1) Conduct the frisk by searching the outside of the garments only.
(2) Do not search the subject's pockets or waistband unless the pat down suggests the presence of a weapon.
(3) Ask permission to search items that the subject is carrying, such as a purse or backpack. If given permission, search the items in a manner consistent with looking for weapons. If the subject refuses permission to search the items, or if you are unsure if you are authorized to search these items, contact the military police desk sergeant for further guidance.
(4) Stop the search if a weapon is found, and take whatever measures necessary for your safety before continuing the search.
5. Conduct a prone search.
a. Position the subject.
(1) Command the subject to face you, to raise his arms above his head, lock his elbows, and spread his fingers with the palms facing you.
(2) Visually check the subject's hands for evidence of weapons.
(3) Order the subject to turn around and drop to his knees.
(4) Search the back of the subject's hands for evidence of weapons.
(5) Direct the subject to lie on his stomach, extend his arms straight out to the sides with the palms up, and place his forehead on the ground.
(6) Tell the subject to spread his/her legs as far as possible, turn his/her feet outward, and keep his/her heels in contact with the ground. NOTE:Positioning the subject as described is dependent upon the subject following your directions. If the subject refuses, you may have to take his/her to the ground using physical force or whatever alternate use of force is authorized by your PMO.
b. Ensure that the assistant, if available, is in front of and to one side of the subject, opposite the side that is to be searched first.
c. Apply the hand restraints.
(1) Approach the front of the subject at about a 45° angle.
(2) Squat and place your knee that is nearest the subject between his/her shoulder blades.
(3) Direct the subject to put the arm nearest you, behind him/her, with the palm facing up.
(4) If applying handcuffs-
a Grasp the subject's hand in a handshake hold and put the first handcuff on it.
b Hold the handcuff chain along with the belt or waistband of the subject's trousers, direct the subject to put his other hand behind him, with the palm facing out, and apply the other handcuff.
(5) If applying flexicuffs put the flexicuff around the first hand, holding it along with the waistband of the subjects trousers. Finish by completing the application with the other hand.
d. Search the subject. NOTE:Refer to the task special conditions in reference to searching members of the opposite sex.
(1) Hold the center of the hand restraint, and lift the subject's arms slightly. Search the area in the small of the back and any area the subject can reach. Release the chain and stand.
(2) Move to the area of the subject's waist and face the subject's head. Squat, but do not rest your knee on the ground or on the subject. Pivot, if required to conduct the rest of the search.
(3) Remove the subject's headgear.
a Bend the seams before crushing to determine if razor blades or similar devices are hidden.
b Place the headgear on the floor or ground.
(4) Search the subject's head and hair.
(5) Search the subject from fingers to shoulders. Search the collar and neck area (pull any neckwear to the subject's back), and remove anything that could be used as a weapon.
(6) Search the subject's back from shoulder to waist on the side nearest you.
(7) Grasp the inside of the subject's closest elbow, and pull the subject toward his side, just high enough to search the front without the subject being completely placed on his side. Then, search the front from shoulder to waist. Check the bra area on female subjects.
(8) Switch hands while controlling the subject's elbow without changing position.
(9) Search the subject from waist to knee, including the crotch.
(10) Return the subject to the facedown position, and release the elbow. Remind the subject to keep his feet spread and his heels on the floor.
(11) Tell the subject to raise his foot by bending at the knee.
(12) Grasp the subject's foot, and search from the knee up. Check the top of the footwear by inserting a finger in the top edge and feeling for evidence of weapons. You must also check the edges and soles.
(13) Tell the subject to put his foot back down.
(14) Stand and move to the subject's unsearched side. Move around the subject's head, but do not walk between the subject and the assistant military police Soldier.
(15) Ensure that the assistant moves to the side opposite of the side being searched.
(16) Squat beside the subject, with your body facing the same direction as the subject's head.
(17) Complete the search of the unsearched side using the same method.
(18) Help the subject stand once the search is complete by turning him onto his side facing away from you. Have him bring his knees up to his chest. Grasp his arms, and assist the subject to his knees and then to his feet.
6. Determine the next course of action based on the situation and the result of the search.
a. If weapons or contriband are found initiate chain of custody documentation, and maintain control of the individual.
b. If no weapons or contriband are found proceed in accordance with local SOP or as directed by your supervisor.


ANY QUESTIONS?
ADVICE?
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