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Open Access: Libraries as Agents of Change in Scholarly Communication
Transcript of Open Access: Libraries as Agents of Change in Scholarly Communication
in Scholarly Communication
"...The question for scholars and gatekeepers is not whether change is coming. It is whether they will be among the change-makers. And if not them, then who?
Who else will ensure long-term conservation and search abilities that are compatible across the bibliome and over time?
Who else will ensure equality of access? Ultimately, this is not a challenge of technology, finances, or ultimately even laws, difficult though they are.
Challenge of will and imagination
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Librarians' attitudes about OA, 2006
Perceived resistance, is it real?
Why? Can we, should we change?
How to move forward (or not)?
"while librarians believe their profession should be supporting open access not only in concept but in action, few respondents were actually taking action towards open access’s ends."
"The White Paper Version: Crowdsourcing is the act of taking a job traditionally performed by a designated agent (usually an employee) and outsourcing it to an undefined, generally large group of people in the form of an open call.
The Soundbyte Version: The application of Open Source principles to fields outside of software."
"Although some properly alphabetic works appeared before Gutenberg printed his first book, the printing press seems to have been the factor that changed everything in favor of non-thematic ordering. Compositors were constantly re-shuffling the letters of the alphabet around as small hard metal objects in trays and in composites. They and their associates — which included many writers who were wont to frequent print shops — became as a consequence increasingly at home with the convenience that the alphabet offers as an invariant series. Where scholars and copyists had previously been unaccustomed even to thinking of words and parts of words alphabetically, printers were now spending a great part of their time doing nothing else."
Library as Press?
Promotion and Tenure
-Graph: United States Government
-Comments: Lewis, David W. "How to Make Good Textbooks Affordable."
-INeed Coffee/Coffee Hero's
-Palmer, Dill, Christie
-Palmer, Dill, Christie
Kristi L. Palmer
April 30, 2010
-Quote: Tom McArthur
-Comments: David W. Lewis, "Reference in the Age of Wikipedia, Or Not..."
-Image: Jodocus Amman
OA and change in Scholarly Communication
Develop impact measurements
Develop research management tools
Develop data preservation tools
Fills the repository
Positive library image with students and administration
Embed library in additional university, student, faculty functions
For OA and SC
Print on demand
Advocate OA mandates and resolutions
Mass Indexing and Primary Resources
Journal Cost Inflation
"Between 1975 and 2005 the average cost of journals in chemistry and physics rose from $76.84 to $1,879.56. In the same period, the cost of a gallon of unleaded regular gasoline rose from 55 cents to $1.82. If the gallon of gas had increased in price at the same rate as chemistry and physics journals over this period it would have reached $12.43 in 2005, and would be over $14.50 today."
-David W. Lewis, "Library budgets, open access, and the future of scholarly communication: Transformations in academic publishing"
"Many campus-based publishing initiatives see themselves as pilot projects contributing to a broader exploration of innovative digital pulishing channels and new business models."
30% of respondents agreed or strongly agreed that libraries should be creating professional positions whose main duties concern OA
13% of respondents agreed or strongly agreed libraries should seek funding through internal library fund reallocation
34% expressed same level of agreement for pursuit of external funding."
-Image: Gideon Burton
-Comments: Hurley, Acord, Earl-Novel