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Transcript of Gymnastics
there are also a lot more equipment that has to have been invented in order to create this sport. History of trampoline: I am guessing that you all know what a trampoline is... But in in case you don't, a trampoline is a very strong piece of fabric that is placed inside a frame of metal with many springs. Trampolines can come in many different sizes and shapes. Modern trampolines were first created by George Nissen and Larry Griswold in 1936. Later, during WW2, trampolines were used during astronaut training. Many years later, trampolining became a competitive sport. It has been a part of the Olympics since 2000!!! History of the balance beam: In 1934, the balance beam started out as a piece of wood. The creator of the balance beam was Johan Gut Muth. The legs of the balance beam is made of iron and painted any color you would like it to be. The balance beam is normally 16 feet long and 4 inches wide. (That is very small!) Balance Beams can be many different sizes. There are the training balance beams which are approximately 2 inches off the ground. Then they will increase. The highest balance beam used for competition is 2.5 - 3 feet tall. Bars There are two types of bars.
A high bar and a low bar. These are called the
Uneven Bars. History of Uneven bars How tall are the bars? The lower bar is a little taller then 5 feet. The higher bar is a little taller than 8 feet. How long are the bars? The bars are approximately 8 ft long. Uneven bars were created in 1934. Rings This isn't the type of rings that you put on your fingers! You grip your hands on the rings and do your routine. The rings routine is normally performed by men because you need very strong muscles to hold yourself up on the rings. The rings were created in 1842 by Adolf Spieß. The rings are approximately 18 inches in diameter. Vault Definition of vault; "gymnastics equipment that consists of a padded rectangular or cylindrical form supported in a horizontal position above the floor"
- http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/vaulting%20horse The vault requires strength and agility. Performers have to begin running and do a round- off back handspring followed by another flip. Another thing that is required for the vault is a spring board. The spring board is made out of wood. It has 2 thick springs to hold your weight when you jump on it. When doing the vault routine, the performer has the spring board a certain distance from the vault because the performer needs to stretch to reach it. Every distance is different. It depends on your height. If the spring board is too far away from the vault you will fall... This is performed by men and women. Pommel Horse The Pommel Horse is performed by men. The Pommel Horse is created just like the Vault.
It is made out of the same material. The Vault was created by Carl Schuhmann in 1896. The Vault started out as a Pommel horse. Carl Schuhmann created the Pommel Horse in 1896. Gymnastics Is a Greek Sport. Girl Gymnasts
from the 21st century. Carly Patterson Gabby Douglas Carly Patterson was an Olympic Gold Medalist in 2004. She was born in Allen Texas!! Gabby Douglas was an Olympic Gold Medalist in the 2012 London Olympics! http://www.usghof.org/files/bio/carly_patterson/c_patterson.html http://www.bigheadbooks.com/blog/black-history-month-gabrielle-douglas Men Gymnasts from the 21st Century Alexei Nemov From Russia Olympic Gold Medalist in 2000 Paul Hamm From the United States of America Olympic Gold Medalist in 2004 Yang Wei From China Olympic Gold Medalist in 2008 Kōhei Uchimura From Japan Olympic Gold Medalist in 2012 http://gymnastics.about.com/od/majorcompetitions/ig/Amazing-Gymnastics-Photos/Alexei-Nemov-Planche.htm http://www.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1819129_1819134_1825735,00.html http://www.standard.co.uk/sport/yang-is-lord-of-the-rings-as-hosts-dominate-6856625.html http://www.knoxnews.com/photos/2012/jul/30/243112/ Simona Amânar Olympic Gold Medalist in 2000 From Russia Nastia Liukin Olympic Gold Medalist in 2008. From America From America What you are about to see is a
video of me that was created in 2012 at ASI Gymnastics in Allen. I am in Gold Level. My mom only shot me on the trampoline because everything else is hidden... I am in tumbling, so I don't do bars and rings, or balance beam. We do some mini vault stuff. Credits -
Editor: Rebecca http://www.channelnewsasia.com/beijing2008/history/2000.htm http://articles.latimes.com/2012/jun/27/sports/la-sp-0628-oly-gymnastics-storylines-20120628 http://news.discovery.com/human/life/weird-olympic-sports-slideshow.htm www.archiexpo.com