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ECS Energy Upgrade CA Ambassadors

Energy Upgrade California ambassadors from Environmental Charter High School. Find us on www.instagram.com/ecsgreenambassadors
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on 29 May 2015

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Transcript of ECS Energy Upgrade CA Ambassadors

Energy: An Overview
Energy. The word carries a lot of power. Energy is the driving force behind a modern world steaming forth into the future.
Biomass Energy
Wind Energy

Hydro Power
Energy from moving water
Nuclear Energy
Where Do Fossil Fuels Come From?
-fission & fusion-
Biomass is usually thought of as garbage.
Most of it is just lying around like dead trees,tree branches,left over crops,wood chips and bark and sawdust for lumber mills.
Scrap is gathered into big trucks,the trucks bring the scraps to the power plants give energy.
Are from the Carboniferous Period, which gets its name from carbon.

It dates back to 360 million years ago, a time where the land was filled with plants, swamps, and trees.
-Wave Energy
-Tidal Energy
-Ocean Thermal

Energy found in atoms
Fission starts with Uranium-238
Fusion starts with Hydrogen atoms
Makes up for 13% of energy in the world
Fission
Solar Energy
The kinetic energy can be changed into different forms of energy. Farmers have used wind energy for many years to pump water from wells. Today the wind can be used to make electricity. It does this by spinning the blades on a wind turbine like a giant pinwheel.
Supplies about 15% of CA's power
Fission is the splitting of atoms
Atoms achieve high temperatures, causing it to move around really fast and bump into each other
when they bump into each other, the atoms' nuclei break apart, releasing energy
Different types of Solar Energy
As the leafy plants died, they sunk to the bottom of the bodies of water where they formed peat which turned into rock. As more pressure was added, it eventually turned into coal, oil or petroleum, and natural gas.
Fusion
Solar Hot water
Thermal
PV Cells
Same energy reaction that occurs in the sun
Similar to fission, but instead of splitting, they fuse together
Can create new elements
Releases a lot of energy
Hard to contain
50% of the U.S oil comes from out of the country, that has to be refined before it can be used.
Petroleum oil replaced whale oil and in 1859, Edwin L. Drake struck oil and a new method of drilling for oil emerged.
Environmental Charter
High School
Our mission: To create and deliver vibrant, innovative, interdisciplinary learning opportunities using the environment to engage students and connect them to the wider world.
Refineries
oil is heated so that it can be made into many different products.
Fertilizers
Clothes
Toothbrush
Almost all plastic
Gasoline
Diesel Fuel
Electricity
74% of California's oil is used for
transportation
Energy and Where it Comes From– The Big Picture

Vampire Energy
Energy that is siphoned and used without a use.
"Stand by power can account for $10 billion in annual energy cost in the U.S. "
Natural Gas
www.energyupgradeca.org
Rebates
Animals and plants compressed under extreme heat and pressure for a thousands of years create a gas
Energy form the sun
Usually found near petroleum underground
Most of it consist of methane
The Things That make ECHS, ECHS
Appliances
Pool pumps
HVAC systems (heat & ac)
Hot water heaters
Window installations
Insulation

is a behavioral change.
Energy Conservation vs Energy Efficiency
Our Energy: What are We Doing?
67% of the energy used in the united states is generated by fossil fuel-burning power plants.
Burning fossil fuels produces carbon dioxide, which is largely responsible for climate change on earth, and other pollutants.

Pollution in Beijing, China, caused by fossil fuel burning in power plants, factories, and vehicles.
Wait– so what are fossil fuels?
Good question. Fossil fuels are compounds created when organic matter– dead plants and animals– are buried and compressed for millions of years into things like crude oil, coal, and natural gas.
THEse are gathered by strip and open-pit mining.
These burn very easily, and produce lots of carbon dioxide gas, as they are mostly made of carbon.
What's the problem with that?
Glad you asked. carbon dioxide is a gas that makes earth's atmosphere trap more heat from the sun. It was helpful at the end of the ice age, but now it's getting out of control– the Earth is becoming too hot.
So, what can we do about it?
Another great question! There are a few avenues we can take with this:
Finding alternatives
reducing consumption
Energy Efficiency

Alternative Energy– A Pantheon of Solutions
There are a number of cleaner, more sustainable energy sources people have looked into:
Wind Power: Spinning in the Breeze
Hydroelectric Power
Biomass
Nuclear Energy
Natural Gas
Solar Power: Pipes and Panels
Reducing Energy Consumption
Using Energy Efficiently
DISCLAIMER: THIS IS STILL A FOSSIL FUEL!
OIL
Kinetic energy from wind rotates turbines that generate electricity.
This technology is already being put to work, supplying 1.6% of all energy in the world.
Biomass is usually thought of as garbage.
Most of it is just lying around like dead trees,tree branches,left over crops,wood chips and bark and sawdust for lumber mills.
Scrap is gathered into big trucks,the trucks bring the scraps to the power plants give energy.
Energy generated from moving water
usually generated through dams
supplies about 15% of California's energy
Electricity generated by the pushing of steam through a turbine. THe steam is produced by pumping water around rods full of decaying radioactive matter.
Gases like methane and propane, created similarly to oil and coal.
THese produce less co2 when burned than other fossil fuels.
Unfortunately, much of our natural gas is extracted through fracking.
Heat from the sun can be absorbed and transferred by water to insulate homes. THis technology is called active solar heating.
Heat from the SUn can be converted into electricity by photovoltaic solar panels.
Quiz Question #1
DISCLAIMER: COULD LEAD TO ANOTHER CHERNOBYL!
Q- Which do you think is responsible for the most air pollution (CO2)?
A- The average Home
or
B- The average Car

Although saving energy is good, this could affect our comfort or safety in certain situations.
Conservation requires discipline! It also might demand some serious lifestyle changes!
A: The average home is responsible
for twice as much air pollution
(CO2) as the average car. (
Source: www.powerisinyourhands.org)
Quiz Question #2
Q- In a family of four, if each member takes a 10-minute daily shower how many gallons of water will the family use in a year?
Using energy more effectively by improving technology is a big step forward in living sustainably.
It requires less changes on our parts, but still has a profound impact.
A- 33,000
B- 73,000
C- 89,000
A: 73,000 gallons.
Taking 5-minute showers and using low-flow showerheads reduce water usage and energy bills reduced significantly.
(Source: www.energyquest.ca.gov)


Quiz Question #4
Which renewable energy source generates the most electricity?
A-Wind power
B-Hydropower
C-Solar power

Quiz Question #5
Q-What energy source provides more than half of the electricity in the U.S.?

A-Oil
B-Coal
C-Nuclear


Quiz Question #3
How much does the typical family spend in a year to run its electric home appliances?
A-$100 to $300
B-$400 to $1,000
C-$1,100 to $1,500

Using Less
Being Smarter about what you use
Full transcript