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illegal immigration

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Tina Lowry

on 21 March 2013

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Transcript of illegal immigration

Illegal Immigration Authors Peter Katel Started working as a journalist in 1972 for a daily newspaper in New Mexico.
Has been based in Mexico City, Miami and Washington.
He has been a staff correspondent at Newsweek and Time magazines, as well as other publications.
The majority of his work tells the story of “powerless people trying to navigate through events they don’t control.” Authors Patrick Marshall Graduated in 1984 with his master’s in international studies from Tufts University – The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy.
He has worked as a columnist at The Seattle Times and as a Senior Writer with the Government Computer News, as well as other publications. “It often—but not always—
helps to think in terms
of deficits and excess.”
-Eugene Bardach Problem Statement The evolving issue of illegal immigration in the Nation has not been
effectively addressed through policy. Actors Illegal Immigrants
Legal Immigrants
Elected officials
Bureaucracy
Polis
Market (Employers & Consumers)
Foreign Government The evolving issue of illegal immigration in the Nation has not been
effectively addressed through policy. The evolving issue of illegal immigration in the Nation has not been
effectively addressed through policy. The evolving issue of illegal immigration in the Nation has not been
effectively addressed through policy. 1800's After waves of immigrants are welcomed, anti-immigrant resentment builds 1882 Chinese Exclusion Act specifically bars additional Chinese immigrants 1920's Public concern about nation's changing ethnic makeup and hard economic times prompts Congress to limit immigration and set quotas intended to preserve the nation's ethnic makeup 1940's - 1950's Labor shortages and expansion of U.S. economy during Wold War II attract Mexican laborers. U.S. accepts war survivors, welcomes refugees from communist countries and overhauls immigrations laws. 1960's - 1970's Amid growing Civil Rights Movement, U.S. scraps the biased quota system and admits more Asians and Latin Americans 1980's Tide of illegal immigrants rises dramatically, prompting policy makers to act. 1990's - 2000's Immigration laws fail to deter illegal immigrants, creating backlash that prompts another overhaul of immigration debate after two terrorists attack on U.S. soil by Middle Eastern visitors. http://nbclatino.com/2012/11/14/obama-time-to-seize-the-moment-on-immigration-reform/ The evolving issue of illegal immigration in the Nation has not been
effectively addressed through policy.
11.5 Million Unauthorized Resident Immigrants in the US. (DHS - 2011)

Illegal immigrants make up approx. 5% of US workforce. (CQR - 2005)

55% of all unauthorized immigrants residing in the nation in 2011 entered the country from 1995 to 2004. (DHS)

59% of unauthorized immigrants are from Mexico. (DHS - 2011)

96% of 4.5 million illegal immigrant men are working. (CQR 2005) "The unauthorized resident immigrant population is defined as all foreign-born non-citizens who are not legal residents. Most unauthorized residents either entered the United States without inspection or were admitted temporarily and stayed past the date they were required to leave."
- DHS Issues Does illegal immigration hurt American workers?
Are tougher immigration controls needed to protect national security?
Should illegal immigrants be given legal status?
Is welcoming immigration an intrinsic value of the American way of life? Choices Why? Why Juan and Maria crossed the border?

Why Rep. Tancredo ran for president?

Why Sen. McCain proposed bipartisan legislation?

Why Sen. McCain wanted to build the "dang fence"?

A continued pursuit of the quality of life and liberty which is the foundation of the American Dream. Ideology "Give me your tired, your poor... Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free"

The US is a nation built on immigrants seeking a better life. http://abcnews.go.com/WNT/video/son-illegal-immigrants-dream-UCLA-immigration-school-college-supulveda-overcome-odds-homeless-university-california-los-angeles-11328094 Illegal aliens become symbols for each side of the Immigration reform issue. - Juan and Maria and Rep. Tancredo may be strengthening and weakening the American quality of life they have so passionately pursued. Secure America and Orderly Immigration Act of 2005
The Border Protection, Anti-terrorism, and Illegal Immigration Control Act of 2005
Comprehensive Immigration Reform Act (CIRA) of 2006 presented by
Tina Lowry and Sehban Zaidi Economics Lower wages paid to undocumented workers in low-skill positions cuts the cost of production, which can lead to lower prices for the American consumer in industries such as restaurants, agricultural produce, and construction

Putting money back into the economy as consumers.

It is estimated that undocumented immigrants lower wages by approximately 3 to 8 percent for low-skill jobs.

Americans who compete with immigrants for these jobs stand to make an additional $25 a week if undocumented immigration were to be severely cut down. Economics Employment is the principle reason why most unauthorized immigrants enter the US.

Financial impact negligible according to Bojras. $10 billion added to a $8 trillion US economy (1990s).

Impact on usage and solvency of social services.

Jobs that might not exist if not done by illegals - below minimum wage, Industries that might collapse without cheap labour. (Agriculture, service industry, landscaping, etc.)
"People who gain, gain an incredible amount". - Bojras. Legal The very first act of unauthorized immigrants as a residents of the US is illegal.
The Legislative process; an ever-impending threat of action. Effect of the election.

"I had predicted the Latino vote was going to be strong and that would cause some reflection on the part of the Republicans about their position on immigration reform." - Pres. Obama.

"McCain, who spearheaded an earlier failed effort in 2007, said Republican attitudes have dramatically shifted since the party’s losses at the polls in November." (Washington Post)

Window of opportunity caused by 2012 election victory aided by 70% latino vote.

Private prisons influence the Ariz. SB 1070.
"That's because prison companies like this one had a plan — a new business model to lock up illegal immigrants. And the plan became Arizona's immigration law." (NPR) Security Porous borders
$4.4 billion has been invested since fiscal year 2006 in border technology and infrastructure
According to a CBO report in 2010 alone $2.7 billion was spent on Border security
Increase in Customs and Border Protection (CBP) personnel has led to some success but weakness in border security remain.
CBP officers inspected 352 million travelers and nearly 106 million cars, trucks, buses, trains, vessels, and aircraft at over 330 air, sea, and land POEs.
The U.S. Border Patrol is intercepting only about 61 percent of would-be illegal immigrants along the U.S.-Mexico Border.

"Between 2007 – 2011, these weaknesses in the traveler inspection procedures and infrastructure increased the potential that dangerous people and illegal goods could enter the country; and that currency and firearms could leave the country and finance drug trafficking organizations and sponsors of terrorism." (GAO)

Interagency gaps also exist in effective law enforcement response for Canadian border patrol "Gang of Eight" Immigration Today President Obama President Obama offered a familiar list of proposals: tightening security on borders, cracking down on employers who hire illegal immigrants and temporarily issuing more visas to clear the huge backlog of people applying for legal status in the country. And Now For Something A Little Different...
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