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Indepedent/Dependent Clauses

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Scott Castro

on 15 September 2015

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Transcript of Indepedent/Dependent Clauses

What is a clause?
A clause is a pair or group of words that consist of a subject and a predicate.
Clause Types
Independent Clause
How do you remember?
When you are "independent", you are alone without the help from others.
Dependent Clause
An independent clause can stand alone as a sentence. It has a subject and a verb. It is a complete sentence.
1. John went to the store to get some milk.
subject predicate
2. We were ready to eat the baked ham.
subject predicate
A dependent clause, also called a "subordinate clause", cannot stand alone as a sentence. It is NOT a complete sentence.

These are often called "FRAGMENTS
to the movies on Friday.
This sentence does NOT have a subject and is not a complete thought.
How do you remember?
When you are "dependent", you rely (depend) on something else for help. In this case, the sentence depends on something else to become complete.
How do we connect clauses?
Coordinating Conjunctions
Leaving out the comma and using just the FANBOYS results in a run-on sentence. They work togther as a TEAM, with one you need the other or the sentence is a run-on
Connecting clauses using semicolons and commas
Use semicolons to join related independent clauses.

DO NOT use in a sentence that already has a coordinating conjunction.
Commas using FANBOYS
I am excited about our vacation; I hope it doesn't rain.
It must have the semicolon or it would be a run-on sentence. Also, each clause must be related to one another.
You can connect two independent clauses using a comma FIRST follow by the FANBOYS and the sentence.

For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet, So
L. Frank Baum wrote The Wizard of Oz for his daughter, but the book was much more than a child's story.
for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so

1. We went to the movies but John didn't bring his money.

2. There was a big tornado; but, we were safe in the basement
1. We went to the movies, but John didn't bring his money.

2. There was a big tornado, but we were safe in the basement
1. A semicolon MUST separate two complete sentences.

2. FANBOYS separates two complete sentences. The comma comes BEFORE the FANBOYS.

3. If the top two rules are violated in a sentence, it can be a RUN-ON or a FRAGMENT
Commas to Separate Items
Commas are used to separate ideas, set off special elements, to separate dates, cities, addresses, and states. Think of it as a pause in thought.
1. My birthday is on Tuesday, November 11, 1978

2. Please write to me at Mr. Castro, 100 S. Glassell Ave., Orange, CA 92867.
On Friday April 4 our coach Mr. Johnson, gave us our first place trophies
A phrase is a group of words that stand together as a single unit, typically as part of a clause or a sentence.

A phrase does not contain a subject and verb and, consequently, cannot convey a complete thought. A phrase contrasts with a clause. A clause does contain a subject and verb.
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