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The Will to Dance

An examination of the correlations between Nietzschean Philosophy and Modern Dance
by

Miranda Chantelois

on 9 June 2010

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Transcript of The Will to Dance

The Will to Dance: Correllations Between Nietzschean Philosophy and Modern Dance Content Tradition and Rational Expression
These two fundamental concepts provide the basis for innovation and societal advancement Isadora Duncan Born in San Francisco in 1877 Became a solo dancer after touring with theatrical producer Augustin Daly She had a different style that, at first was not accepted by the general public While in Germany, she was made aware of the philosophy of Friedrick Nietzsche Her own philosophy about the dance as an effective use of entertainment and emotional release was partially based off of Nietzsche's philosophy Introduction: Tradition Vs. Rational Expression Will to Power The mother of modern: Isadora Duncan Nietzsche and the Will Schopenhauer Hypothesis Modern dance and reality Arguably, Isadora Duncan and other modern artists were the catalysts for the revolution of dance. However, it was ultimately Nietzsche's Schopenhauer-based , exploration of the
, and concept, that stimulated the movement from classical ballet and the birth of modern dance. Hypothesis: pessimism Greek gods Will to Power Schopenhauer Philosophy The world is dominated by an evil will The will has no does not care about the concerns of humanity Suffering and strife are therefore the destiny of the idndividual Nietzsche and the Will to Power Nietzsche was intrigued by Schopenhauer's evil will Nietzsche himself had seen war and therefore, the truth of Schopenhauer's words At a young age, Nietzsche came accross Schopenhauer's the world as will and representation He worked relentlessly to overcome his own vulnerability by formulating an entire philosophy based on self-empowerment and supersending the will World War I Machine guns, gas, and trench warfare 9 million people died Many lost limbs or got "shell-shock" Nietzsche's Schopenhauer-based pessimism was the farthest thing from illusory; World War I directly reflects a world-wide depravity The Modern Dancer and Reality It is the goal of the modern dancer to represent society for what it is Specifically, Isadora Duncan's movement was often reminiscent of predatory movements made by wild animals The Dionysian Frenzy In contrast, classical ballet is based on structure and technique rather than emotional release... The Will to Power Isadora wanted to represent the human body for what it is Rather than submitting to them, she believed that we ought to overcome our incapabilities and rise above the limitations of the human body. We should excercise the Will to Power Nietzsche thought that power is the driving force behind all concious and unconcious decision He formulated a path to overcome the Will to Power -- A path that when followed would make one into a superman The individual must work to overcome the WIll to Power and defy a worldwide depravity Isadora adapted the Will to Power to artistic terms Dancers are able to refine the body, and develop an outlet for creative and meaninful expression The dancer gains power over the body, gravity, and humanity itself Dancers become more than than they physically are Loie Fuller Regardless of its origin, inspiration, and future, we can be comforted with the knowledge that dance itself will remain true to its original purpose: to provide an outlet for self-exploration and cultural unity 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Vollmond Pina Bausch (Hong Kong Festival) 14 15 16 17 18 19
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30 31 32 Image Sources 1. Isadora Duncan: http://www.catanna.com/isadora.jpg 2. Nietzsche: http://www.google.com/images?um=1&hl=en&tbs=isch%3A1&sa=1&q=Nietzsche&aq=f&aqi=g10&aql=&oq=&gs_rfai= 3. Russian dancers: http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://farm2.static.flickr.com/1221/818258434_df82b804dd.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.ascendingstardance.com/node/918&usg=__Vv4pAZ6UPidQcEDmhlHKy8yD9Yg=&h=375&w=500&sz=194&hl=en&start=32&um=1&itbs=1&tbnid=nsjqve2wNJ2sWM:&tbnh=98&tbnw=130&prev=/images%3Fq%3DRussian%2Bdancers%26start%3D20%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DN%26ndsp%3D20%26tbs%3Disch:1 4. African dancers: http://groovefm.files.wordpress.com/2009/01/african-dance.jpg 5. Ballet dancers: http://graphics8.nytimes.com/images/2007/08/06/arts/Bols600.jpg 6. Modern dancers: http://www.rightsoundstudio.com/modern_dancers.jpg 7. Irish dancers: http://www.thedctraveler.com/files/2007/02/irish-dancers.jpg 8. Isadora Duncan: http://www.nndb.com/people/103/000030013/isadora-duncan-head.jpg 9. Isadora Duncan: http://www.worldalmanac.com/blog/isadora04.jpg 10. Schopenhauer: http://osopher.files.wordpress.com/2009/10/schopenhauer1.jpg 11. World War I: http://6cbatnist.files.wordpress.com/2009/11/040102_image111.jpg 12. World War I: https://rowellsapushistory.wikispaces.com/file/view/GasAttack-_WWI_(538x406).jpg/73976971/GasAttack-_WWI_(538x406).jpg 13. Modern dancer: http://www.odu.edu/al/dance/jpg/amanda.jpg 14. Modern dancers: http://www.staller.sunysb.edu/0910/images/graham-3.jpg 15. Modern dancers: http://www.observer.com/files/full/122506_article_gottlieb.jpg www.youtube.com/watch?v=YxgKVM-6HI&feature=related Bolshoi Swan Lake - Pas de Quatre Small Swans www.youtube.com/watch?v=FY4Y1gTO9HE&feature=related In the News "Watching these dancers was like watching the greatest ballet virtuosos, each fighting gravity and the appearance of effort, and demanding and getting the impossible from the human body. They were fabulous." In the News http://www.nytimes.com/2010/05/31/arts/dance/31africa.html?scp=3&sq=modern%20dance&st=cse "Traditional and Modern Moves, and the Links Between Them" This memorial day weekend was the DanceAfrica festival, a 33 year-old tradition There was a balance between traditional and modern movements withing the show The performance displayed how hip hop is partially founded off of African dance 16. Dionysus statue:
http://www.greatdreams.com/lebanon/bacchus.jpg 17. Dionysus:
http://spells-witchcraft.org/images/Maenads.jpg
18. Isadora Duncan:
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/9f/Isadora_Duncan_LC-DIG-ggbain-05653.jpg
19. Hitler:
http://kaganof.com/kagablog/wp-content/uploads/2008/10/screen-clip-hitler-w-paraclete2.jpg 20. Modern dancer
http://toromag.files.wordpress.com/2007/10/dance.jpg 21. Modern dancer leaping:
http://www.exploredance.com/momix/leap.jpeg 22. Loie Fuller:
http://www.wetcanvas.com/Museum/Posters/Entertainers/Fuller/loie1.gif 23. Loie Fuller:
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f1/Loie_Fuller.jpg 24. Loie Fuller:
http://elsaexarhu.files.wordpress.com/2007/10/loie-fuller-elsa.jpg 26. Classical dancers (India):
http://www.manaltheeram.com/php/showNewsDetails.php?nid=281&linkid=35 27. Flamenco dancers:
http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_a6dhGZrtW2Y/SXZXjKI331I/AAAAAAAAAvk/KsnEbRWTKTE/s400/PacoPena_320x327.jpg 28. Classical ballet dancers:
http://www.indexinn.com/countries/usa/alabama/pl_images/088-Alabama_Birmingham_Alabama_Ballet_Dancers.jpg 25. Russian dancers:
http://www.barynya.com/barynya/images/Joplin/Russian_Folk_Dance_Barynya.jpg 29. Hip Hop dancers
http://images1.fanpop.com/images/photos/2200000/Into-the-Hoods-hip-hop-dance-2231530-300-310.jpg 30. African dance:
http://graphics8.nytimes.com/images/2007/02/15/arts/Brazil600.jpg 31. Irish dancing:
http://www.tenontours.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/10/irish-dancing.jpg 32. Modern dancers:
http://www.thepulsemag.com/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2007/01/alvin.jpg Bibliography

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By Roslyn Sulcas
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