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Brecht and Dialectical theater

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on 19 May 2015

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Transcript of Brecht and Dialectical theater

What is Dialectical theater(Epic theater)
What are Brechtian Techniques
Signs, placards or projections
Masks and puppetry.
Visible stage machinery .
use of music to interrupt and comment on action.
Acting in the third person
Acting exercises to induce the “alienation effect.”
Having actors describe their moves and gestures outside the written dialogue
Exploring the “gest” of character.
Focus on social classes
Montage (Putting scenes together)
Ensemble (actors on stage at all times)
Gestus & V Effect
Who is Bertolt Brecht
born February 10, 1898 in Germany
influenced by Karl Valentin
began writing plays while working at an Army hospital.
his work fit nicely with the Dadaist and Marxist movement of the time
What is special about the acting and the play write
What is the aim for this type of theater ?
What made Brecht different ?
Brecht and Dialectical theater

Sources
Dramatic vs Dialectical
http://www.wisegeek.com/who-was-bertolt-brecht.htm
http://www.biography.com/people/bertolt-brecht-9225028#synopsis
http://oregonstate.edu/instruct/ger343/brechtet.htm
http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/189683/epic-theatre
http://www.cs.brandeis.edu/~jamesf/goodwoman/brecht_epic_theater.html
http://www.bbc.co.uk/education/guides/zwmvd2p/revision
http://www.slideshare.net/SalvatoreGiovanniSorce/bertolt-brecht-epic-theatre-14203501
http://www.theatredatabase.com/20th_century/bertolt_brecht_001.html
http://web.mit.edu/jscheib/Public/21m790/brechtorganum.pdf
http://faculty-staff.ou.edu/L/A-Robert.R.Lauer-1/Brecht.html
http://bcs.bedfordstmartins.com/virtualit/drama/critical.asp?e=4


Brecht viewed theater as part of an enlightenment project
Not mere entertainment but theater which forces judgment and leads to social action
Established the Berliner Ensemble in 1949 in east Berlin
Plays/production style as commentary on society; goal is to instigate social change
Destroy the theatrical illusion
Discordant, jarring elements as a way of exploring ideas and man’s contradictory nature
Brecht’s goal is for the spectator to be involved in the theatrical event—to observe objectively, ponder, develop critical detachment leading to social action
Verfremdungseffekt or Alienation(Distancing) Effect
Theater should appeal no the feeling but to the reason
Should be perceptive and capable of provoking social changes
To make the audience adopt a more crittical attitude, he use the alienation effect
The acting and play write is unique because of his Brechtian techniques.
Ideas were concrete and translatable for future actors.
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