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Present Perfect -vs- Past Simple

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by

Emma Hernandez

on 23 October 2015

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Transcript of Present Perfect -vs- Past Simple

Present
Perfect simple
vs
Past Simple

Present
Perfect
Simple

Past simple
USE
FORM
HAVE
HAS
PAST PARTICIPLE
+
I
you
we
they
+
have participle
he
she
it
+
has participle
an action that started in the past
and continues in the present
(unfinished time)
an action that happened
in the past but has a result
(or consequence) in the present
I have been a teacher for 16 years
We have travelled to 8 foreign countries
I have lost my keys!
John has crashed his car!
for & since
for + period of time
since + point in time
I've lived in Castellar for 7 years
I've lived in Castellar since 2008
I've been
We've
I've
John's
USE
FORM
a finished action
in the past
(at a specific time)
Last summer I went to Poland
John died in a car accident yesterday.
POSITIVE
NEGATIVE
QUESTION
REGULAR VERBS:
infinitive + ed
IRREGULAR VERBS:
2nd column
walk / walked: Last night I walked 3 kilometres.
buy / bought: Yesterday we bought a new TV.
didn't + infinitive
Last night I didn't walk 3 kilometres.
Yesterday we didn't buy a new TV.
Did + subject + infinitive + ?
Did you walk 3 kilometres last night?
Did you buy a new TV yesterday?
Positive
Negative
Question
haven't
hasn't
+
past
participle
Have
Has
+ S
+ past
participle
+ ?
You have slept on the floor.
He has slept on the floor.
You haven't slept on the floor.
He hasn't slept on the floor.
Have you slept on the floor?
Has he slept on the floor?
ever & never
just, already, yet
EVER:

used in
questions
Have you ever eaten sushi?
(experience)
NEVER:

negative sentence
BUT positive verb!
I've never eaten sushi.
(experience)
JUST:

in positive

"right now,
close to the
present".
ALREADY:

in positive

"sooner than
expected"
YET:

in negative
and questions

"any time up
til now".
I haven't finished yet.
Have you seen the film yet?
A: Do you want me to cook dinner tonight?
B: I've already cooked it!
I've just spoken to Anne on the phone, she's not coming to the concert.
Time expressions
yesterday
last night
two weeks ago
in 2008
...
Time expressions
been & gone
been: go and return
John's been to London
(he's back)
gone: one way only
John's gone to London
(he's not here!)
Full transcript