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Present Perfect -vs- Past Simple
Transcript of Present Perfect -vs- Past Simple
an action that started in the past
and continues in the present
an action that happened
in the past but has a result
(or consequence) in the present
I have been a teacher for 16 years
We have travelled to 8 foreign countries
I have lost my keys!
John has crashed his car!
for & since
for + period of time
since + point in time
I've lived in Castellar for 7 years
I've lived in Castellar since 2008
a finished action
in the past
(at a specific time)
Last summer I went to Poland
John died in a car accident yesterday.
infinitive + ed
walk / walked: Last night I walked 3 kilometres.
buy / bought: Yesterday we bought a new TV.
didn't + infinitive
Last night I didn't walk 3 kilometres.
Yesterday we didn't buy a new TV.
Did + subject + infinitive + ?
Did you walk 3 kilometres last night?
Did you buy a new TV yesterday?
You have slept on the floor.
He has slept on the floor.
You haven't slept on the floor.
He hasn't slept on the floor.
Have you slept on the floor?
Has he slept on the floor?
ever & never
just, already, yet
Have you ever eaten sushi?
BUT positive verb!
I've never eaten sushi.
close to the
"any time up
I haven't finished yet.
Have you seen the film yet?
A: Do you want me to cook dinner tonight?
B: I've already cooked it!
I've just spoken to Anne on the phone, she's not coming to the concert.
two weeks ago
been & gone
been: go and return
John's been to London
gone: one way only
John's gone to London
(he's not here!)