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Gloria Steinem v. Phyllis Schlafly

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Christina Rossi

on 5 December 2014

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Transcript of Gloria Steinem v. Phyllis Schlafly

Gloria Steinem v. Phyllis Schlafly
Gloria Marie Steinem

Born March 25, 1934 in Ohio
Poor family
Presbyterian mother and Jewish father
No regular education until 11
Parents split at age ten, lived with unstable mother
Attended Smith College
Graduated with Phi Beta Kappa
Political Views
Influenced by mother's situation
Influenced by family
Resulted in Liberal views
Phyllis Schlafly
Born in 1924 in St. Louis, Missouri
Raised as a Roman Catholic
Graduated from Washington University in St. Louis in 1944, a high achievement for a woman of her time.
Steinem's Career in Journalism
Journalist for
Esquire Magazine
First article spoke of women in workplace (1962)
Accepted work as a Playboy Bunny in 1963, and wrote an article about it for
Show Magazine
Cosmopolitan Magazine
- Interviewed John Lennon
Became active after covering an abortion speak out
Co-Founded Ms. Magazine
"After Black Power, Women's Liberation"
1970 equal rights amendment
1970 Women's strike for equality
Appeared in
Newsweek, Time, McCall's, People, Women, Ms,
Early Life
Early Life
1971- National Women's Political Caucus
1971- Women's Action Alliance
1973- Stewardesses for women's rights
1974- Coalition of Labor Union Women
Women's Action Alliance-1971

Later Life
1992-Veteran Feminists of America
Opposed war in the Middle East
Supported Anita Hill during Thomas Scandal
1993- "Multiple Personalities: The Search for Deadly Memories"
2013- Presidential Medal of Freedom
Reproductive freedom
Gay marriage
Women in the workplace
Racial equality
End to child abuse
Immigration reform
End to genital mutilation
Independence from men

Steinem stands for...
Other Issues
1972- Addressed National Press Club (first woman) on immigration reform
1984- Arrested for protesting racial separation in South Africa
1993- Co-produced, "Multiple Personalities; The Search for Deadly Memories"
Demonstrates general support for voiceless or oppressed minority groups

Schlafly's Career in Journalism
The Eagle Forum
, a conservative "pro-family" internet group
Author of
The Phyllis Schlafly Report

Author of 21 books on topics such as family, politics, religion, feminism, and education
(Spoiler alert: it's feminists)

single mothers are overly glorified by society
Women should build their lives around marriage and family
Gender roles exist for a reason
Anti-gay marriage, pro-life, pro-family (traditional values)
Equal Rights Amendment
"Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of sex."

An amendment first introduced in 1923 by Alice Paul, which would pass or fail in 1972; in 1972 it was given a 10 year extension
Schlafly feared the amendment would:
lead women into combat
promote gay marriage and abortions
make all bathrooms unisex
remove legal protections of wives
STOP stood for "Stop Taking Our Privileges"
Inspired a movement of women who wanted to preserve a traditional family.
Gave speeches and spoke out against the amendment.
Put "Don't Draft Me" signs on baby girls
Baked apple pies for the Illinois legislature as they debated the topic.
Outcome of the ERA
The amendment needed to be aproved by 38 states.

On June 30, 1982, the E.R.A was aproved by 35 states.

It did not succeed in amending the constitution.
Hear her argument:
Create a Venn Diagram of similarities and differences between Schlafly and Steinem
Later Life and Legacy
ERA- Steinem's Position
Schlafly is still alive today (90 years old) and writing books, including criticism of modern politics, especially Obama and his policies, as well as his 'War on Religion', especially Catholicism.
Steinem insisted that opposition to the ERA was due to social myths and exaggeration of differences between the sexes. She also supported a society where women were independent, sometimes going as far as discouraging marriage.

"Most important to me, I have been denied a society in which women are encouraged, or even allowed to think of themselves as first-class citizens and responsible human beings." -Gloria Steinem
Gloria Steinem
is an accomplished liberal, feminist journalist who supported gay marriage, reproductive rights, gender and racial equality and more, and was

Phyllis Schlafly
is an accomplished conservative, anti-feminist author and politic figure who spoke in favor of married women and traditional gender-roles, and was
Full transcript