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Sigmund Freud's Iceberg Theory

AP Psychology final discussing the concept of the iceberg theory that Sigmund Freud made famous.
by

Marisela Castro

on 13 May 2013

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Transcript of Sigmund Freud's Iceberg Theory

Conscious The Iceberg Theory You may ask yourself: Closer look at Id *Freud defines id as something we are born with (so you have an id) Ego *The ego, Freud says, is developed after a few years of age and it places emphasis on the Sigmund Freud: Iceberg Theory Marisela Castro
AP Psychology
Period 5
May 17th, 2013 Hey that's me! what is the iceberg theory? Well, the actual iceberg theory is really just a visual to reflect what Freud believes our psyche is made up of. In reality, the whole concept is very complex and elaborate. Just remember these key terms: Id Ego superego unconscious conscious preconscious *Id doesn't care about anyone else but themselves, it is the selfish side we all hold *For example: when a child is sick, uncomfortable, cold, hot, etc. they tend whine or cry and seek attention from others, that's id talking Give me
attention! reality principle *Reality principle basically represents what the ego does in order to control the pleasures that the id seeks
*The ego plays the moderator between the id and the superego (you will learn about next)
*It's actually really great because the go finds a way to satisfy one's selfish needs while also pleasing the public and the people around us who are affected by our decisions I am ego Superego time *In Freud's terms, we all develop a superego at the age of five
*With our superego we are able to tell what is morally wrong and right
*We develop our superego all due to the ethics and morals the people around us have taught us (your parents, peers, family)
*Superego is directly related to our conscience For example: Say a driver cuts you off and you get mad, your id may tell you, "yeah go fight them!" while your superego says, "no, it doesn't seem reasonable to fight about something so small" and then the ego decides on what to do to please both the id and superego Unconscious The Unconscious *The unconscious consists of various things like possible repressed memories from the past or hidden desires
*In the iceberg, it is at the bottom because it symbolizes something that is hidden or under the surface
*These memories are hidden yet they play a key role in our conscious actions Preconscious The Preconscious *This part consists of memories that are not part of one's full awareness but that can be recalled through conscious effort
*Basically, these memories are right in the middle, you may no be fully aware of them but when you put in some effort from your conscious then you can eventually figure it out
*This is in relation to the superego Conscious *The conscious, in Freud's terms, is the restriction demanded by the superego
*It is also your feelings, memories, and awareness of certain sensations along with the environment you are currently surrounded by Recap *So the id runs on the pleasure principle and is very selfish, it is part of the unconscious
*The ego is the moderator between the id and the superego and it is located within the unconscious in what is called the nonconscious, it is based on the reality principle
*Superego is the caregiver part of us who places emphasis on morals and ethics, this is located very close to the preconscious
*Freud's iceberg is used to show how we retain certain memories and how they affect us, but of course, Freud places a lot of emphasis on the unconscious because it reflects one's hidden memories and desires The End
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