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How do You Think a mirror could be used in medical therapy

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hosam etman

on 16 September 2015

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Transcript of How do You Think a mirror could be used in medical therapy

،KEEN TEAM
Phantom Limb Phenomenon
Do you think a mirror could be used in medical therapy ?
Defenition
It is a phenomenon in which patients who undergo amputation often feel sensation of the missing limb as if it still present .

Phantom limb phenomenon ?!
Invasion of the areas neighbouring the representation of the ambutated limb into the cortical representation zone was shown to be related to phantom limb pain (PLP) intensity .
Technique
Treatment Modalities
Pharmacological
Surgical
Effectivness
WE MUST ACCEPT FINITE DISAPPOINMENT, BUT NEVER LOSE INFINITE HOPE.
Hypothesis
Do you remember the mirror ?

- Mirorr therapy (MT) leds to a pain reduction by 27%,
- MT induced a number of effects in the phantom arm
including movement and the alleviation of pain.
- Improvement of the amputated limb movement by three folds due to relief of pain

These results are promising for amputees in case of :-
1- Appropriate duration of MT.
2- Clear movement


1-Telescoping:the amputee feel his/her distal extremity of the limb at the point of amputation.

2-the cognitive ability of the patient to correlate between the visualized limb and the phantom limbtreatment.


Limitations

References

1-
Brodie, E. E., Whyte, A. and Niven, C. A. (2007), Analgesia through the looking-glass? A randomized controlled trial investigating the effect of viewing a ‘virtual’ limb upon phantom limb pain, sensation and movement. European Journal of Pain, 11: 428–436. doi: 10.1016/j.ejpain.2006.06.002
2-
Foell, J., Bekrater-Bodmann, R., Diers, M. and Flor, H. (2014), Mirror therapy for phantom limb pain: Brain changes and the role of body representation. European Journal of Pain, 18: 729–739. doi: 10.1002/j.1532-2149.2013.00433.x
3-
Eric E. Brodiea, , , Anne Whyteb, Bridget Wallera, Increased motor control of a phantom leg in humans results from the visual feedback of a virtual leg,Neuroscience Letters, Volume 341, Issue 2, 1 May 2003, Pages 167–169
Thank you
K
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