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Spanish Preterite vs. Imperfect

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by

Isabella Ortiz

on 5 June 2013

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Transcript of Spanish Preterite vs. Imperfect

Preterite
vs.
Imperfect
by: Isabella Ortiz
Sara LaRue
Tiana Leal
Karyn Karlgaard
Shireen Tango Preterite
used for simple past tense
English examples: I spoke, he ate, we lived Regular Preterite Verb Conjugations Imperfect
descriptive past tense
used to describe scenes, settings, situations, people, or states in the past
English examples: They went to the park every Friday. Regular Imperfect Verb Conjugations Preterite
or
Imperfect? Use preterite for...
SCAP
Single/Specific actions
Completed (beginning and end)
Action in the
Past Questions:
1. Did it happen once?
2. Is it over with?
3. Is it something you did? Use imperfect for...
TARDY
Time (ser) + Age (tener)
Action in progress (-ing)
Repeated
Description Questions:
1. Did it happen more than once?
2. Was it a continuous action?
3. Is it describing something? Preterite Examples:
Nosotros corrimos ayer. (completed action)
Me levanté a las ocho esta mañana. (specific time)
Al final del día mis amigos manejaron a mi casa. (specific time)
¿Viste la película sin mí? (completed action)
El hombre fue al cine anoche. (completed action)
No hice mi tarea ayer. (completed action) Imperfect Examples:
Hacía mucho calor durante mis vacaciones en Hawaii. (weather)
Me gustaba nadar cuando era niña. (emotional)
El chico era alto y cómico. (description)
Pensábamos que nuestra amiga quería un pastel, pero ella quería helado. (mental)
Tenía diez años. (age)
Era ocho de la mañana cuando yo quería desayunar. (time + emotional)
Los estudiantes no gustaban hacer la tarea. (emotional) Imperfect is also used for describing a situation that was taking place when another action (in the preterite) occurred.
Example: Ella estudiaba cuando su amiga llamó.
("Estudiaba" is in imperfect because it was an ongoing action in the past, but "llamó" is in preterite because it occurred once and was completed.) Two or more actions in imperfect can be in the same sentence.
Example: Yo hablaba con mi hermana mientras mi mamá cocinaba la cena.
(Both "hablaba" and "cocinaba" are in imperfect because they are both ongoing actions that occurred in the past at the same time.) How do you determine whether a phrase/verb is in preterite or imperfect? Keywords Preterite Imperfect el domingo
el viernes pasado
el mes/año pasado
esta mañana
ayer
anoche
anteayer
un día
primero
después
durante
finalmente cuando
una vez los domingos
cada mes/año
todos los días/cada día
por la noche
en el pasado
a veces
de vez en cuando
muchas veces
siempre
a menudo
normalmente
generalmente Practice: Preterite or Imperfect? 1. Yo pasaba tiempo con mis amigos los viernes durante el verano. 2. Después de me levanté esta mañana, mi hermano y yo desayunamos. 3. El verano pasado, mi amiga viajó a Florida y fue a Disney World. 4. La chica era bonita y inteligente, pero era antipátic también. 5. Hacía mucho calor todos los días durante mis vacaciones.
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