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Assessments and Technology

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Melissa Murray

on 9 July 2014

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Transcript of Assessments and Technology

Assessments and Technology
Michelle Buchanan
Tawni Gillen-Martin
Robert Klockman
Melissa Murray
Merri Callis (Watson)

Grand Canyon University: TEC-538
July 8, 2014
Essays
Strengths
- Essays assess for understanding of a topic (Brooks, 2014). They also allow students to produce a product that shows understanding about what they have learned. These tests are best for visual learners.

Weaknesses
- Those who struggle with reading and writing will have problems starting and completing this test. Auditory and kinesthetic learners will struggle with this type of assessment.

Role of Technology
- Word processing programs, like Microsoft Word, can be very beneficial in writing essays. Instead of having to worry about spelling and grammar, due to spell check, the student can concentrate on what they want to say.
Merri Callis (Watson)
Multiple- Choice Tests
Strengths
- Multiple-choice tests assess for recall and recognition of information that was memorized or learned (Brooks, 2014). These tests are best for kinesthetic learners.

Weaknesses
- They do not assess for understanding of the topic being learned, nor do they allow a student to create or produce anything showing understanding. Auditory learners will have problems with this test.

Role of Technology
- There are different multiple-choice test makers, like the one at http://multiplechoicetestmaker.com, which allows you to easily make questions and manage them.
Merri Callis
(Watson)
Fill in the
Blank Tests
Strengths -
Fill in the blank tests assess for recall and recognition of information that was memorized or learned (Brooks, 2014). Kinesthetic learners do best on tests with short answers.

Weaknesses -
They do not assess for understanding of the topic being learned, nor do they allow a student to create or produce anything showing understanding. Auditory learners may struggle with this assessment.

Role of Technology-
Fill in the blank tests can be made at online sites like https://www.qzzr.co. This site will also let you share your quiz with people around the world.
Merri Callis
(Watson)
Teacher/Student Interviews
Strengths-
Teacher/student interviews assess for understanding of the lesson or unit. It also allows the student to evaluate the instructor’s lesson and it allows the instructor to make changes from this evaluation.

Weaknesses-
If the teacher and student have not taken time to develop a rapport, then the student may be reluctant or nervous to share with the instructor.

Role of Technology-
Teachers can take interview notes in applications like Evernote (for Mac) or OneNote (for Windows) and save them to view later.
Merri Callis
(Watson)

Portfolio Assessment
Strengths-
Allows for the assessment of educational growth. Portfolio assessments also allow students to demonstrate their learning and show the integration of knowledge into real world scenarios. Portfolio assessments can be tailored to many different learning styles (Antelope Valley College, 2014).

Weaknesses-
Can be difficult to grade for teacher and requires higher levels of organization for both the teacher and student.

Role of Technology-
Portfolios can be kept online via services such as Google Drive. Artifacts such as audio recordings, multimedia videos, and DVD's can be included and integral parts of the portfolio.
Robert Klockman
Entrance Ticket
Strengths
- Fast formative assessment to assess lower level Bloom's levels (Brown University, 2014). Beneficial to instructor in planning lessons. Good way to collect and synthesize data on student understanding.

Weaknesses
- Better for testing memorization and prior knowledge but leaves out higher level Bloom's taxonomy. Due to the quick nature of entrance tickets they do not assess critical thinking or problem solving.

Role of Technology
- Student response systems and data software can turn entrance tickets into a significant data logging and tracking tool. Student responders also engage students as well.
Robert Klockman
Section Quiz
Strengths-
Short and easy to grade quiz. Good to test if important information has been retained before moving on to more advanced material. Difficulty and level can be tailored to need.

Weaknesses-
Does not assess the larger picture and how things relate.

Role of Technology
- Quizzes can be given online via online test design sites such as www.quia.com.
Robert Klockman
Unit Project
Strengths
- Involves critical thinking skills, and allows students to tie a broad area of knowledge together.

Weaknesses
- Time consuming to produce and grade. Students can become "tunnel-visioned" with assignment and so it may be difficult to get the full spectrum of their understanding.

Role of Technology
- PowerPoint Presentations, blogging, Prezi, and a multitude of other solutions can be used to produce the project. Projects can also contain multimedia aspects.
Robert Klockman
Lab Report
Strengths
- Shows understanding of content and its application. Allows for critical thinking and collaboration through group work.

Weaknesses
- Grading is not clear cut and the answer is not always as important as thinking and applying. Errors in lab procedure can reflect on report.

Role of Technology
- Many online labs are available for students to explore and complete reports online. Word processing programs can be used to edit templates so reports are done completely on a laptop or computer.
Robert Klockman
Strengths
- These tests assess for recall and recognition of information that was memorized or learned (Brooks, 2014).

Weaknesses
- They do not assess for understanding of the topic being learned, nor do they allow a student to create or produce anything showing understanding. Many students also get confused by true and false questions because they are made to trick the reader.

Role of Technology
- True and false tests can be easily made and managed online at sites like https://testmoz.com/330153/admin.
True and False Tests
Merri Callis (Watson)
Solve a Math Problem and Explain all the Steps
Short Answer Test
Asking Questions During Instruction
Interactive Notebooks
Homework
Ticket Out the Door
Work of Art
Responding to Student Journals
Word Bank
Class Participation
Strengths
- Allows students to take notes in an organized, exciting manner, become systemically organized, and creates a portfolio or work (The Interactive Student Notebook, n.d.).

Weaknesses
- Lots of prep work for the teacher. Digital editions involve less kinesthetic work. Programs may be tedious to learn and teach.

Role of Technology
- Many sites are available that allow students to work and store their work digitally, such as www.teachtci.com.
Affouf, M. & Walsh, T. P. (2006). An assessment of web-based homework in the teaching of college algebra.
International Journal for Technology in Mathematics Education.
Retrieved from http://content.ebscohost.com.library.gcu.edu:2048/pdf19_22/pdf/2008/F8Z/01Jan08/28339195.pdf?T=P&P=AN&K=28339195&S=R&D=ehh&EbscoContent=dGJyMMvl7ESeprU4yOvqOLCmr0yep7dSsae4SLGWxWXS&ContentCustomer=dGJyMPGusUuxp7dOuePfgeyx43zxpwAA

America’s Digital Schools, 2008. Retrieved from http://www.setda.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/11/Technology-Based-Assessments-Improve-Teaching-and-Learning.pdf

Antelope Valley College. (2014). Assessment Types. Retrieved from Antelope Valley College: http://www.avc.edu/administration/organizations/slo/common/documents/Prosandconsofassessmenttools.pdf

Brooks, Judy. (2014). Align assessments with objectives. Eberly Center. Retrieved from http://www.cmu.edu/teaching/ assessment/howto/basics/ objectives.html

Brown University. (2014). Interactive Classroom Activities. Retrieved from Brown University: http://www.brown.edu/about/administration/sheridan-center/teaching-learning/effectiveclassroom-practices/interactive-classroom-activities

Curtin Teaching and Learning. (2010).
Developing appropriate assessment tasks
. Retrieved from http://otl.curtin.edu.au/local/downloads/learning_teaching/tl_handbook/tlbookchap5_2012.pdf

The Interactive Student Notebook (n.d.) Teach TCI. Retrieved from http://www.teachtci.com/interactive-social-studies-notebook.html
References
Strengths
- Practice allows students to master techniques, gain insights to material, and increases confidence and achievement (Affouf & Walsh, 2006).

Weaknesses
- Students may have Internet problems or not have the same access to technology at home as is available at school.

Role of Technology
- Using technology limits student ability to copy work (Affouf & Walsh, 2006). Computer-generated assignments provide a greater variety is problems (Affouf & Walsh, 2006).
Melissa Murray
Melissa Murray
Melissa Murray
Melissa Murray
Melissa Murray
Strengths
- Students reach top levels of Bloom's Taxonomy, being able to justify reasoning helps students to use the steps elsewhere.

Weaknesses
- Sometimes requires memorization of steps, "fake it til you make it", can be difficult to put thoughts into words.

Role of Technology
- Web 2.0 tools can help students to organize their thoughts and give students a manor to create and present.
Strengths
- Can track whether students know the material or not, easy to create and grade.

Weaknesses
- If a word bank is not given, spelling may be an issue. There is not a lot of room for creativity and does not allow students to reach higher tiers of Bloom's Taxonomy.

Role of Technology
- Word processing programs make it easy to create assessments, websites such as www.quizlet.com and www.quizstar.4teacher.org can help teachers to create and grade assessments, as well as keep track of student data.
Strengths
- Students have the opportunity to clear up confusion immediately as well as gain quick and relevant feedback.

Weaknesses
- Can take a lesson off-track, can make a lesson longer than anticipated, potential for other students to tune out.

Role of Technology
- Tools such as clickers can help teachers keep track of who has asked/answered questions and who has not.
Technology-Based Performance Assessment
Technology-based performance assessment improves teaching and learning. It also involves students using a lot of different technology applications to work on meaningful and real world tasks. Students are also able to create projects that show the results of the student's learning (America's Digital Schools, 2008).

Strengths
- Can be used to teach and test student abilities and skills. There is plenty of software and different tools that students can use.

Weaknesses
- Can be costly if there is not a lot of research done to find the free ones. It can be time-consuming for students and teachers.

Role of Technology
- Interactive assessment incorporates technology. This assessment is geared towards technology usage.
Tawni Gillen-Martin
Summative Assessments
Used at the end of a course or unit. It incorporates all the objectives taught.

Strengths
- Helps students to study and pay attention while in class. It can help to show how the class is doing and what goals have been met. It can also be used to analyze data so the teacher can focus on certain objectives the students are struggling with. Can also be used as a real life experience, which is easier for students to understand.

Weaknesses
- Can be stressful to the student.

Role of Technology
- Test can be done on the computer. Some examples are podcasts, clickers, student-created PowerPoints, games, and state texts that compare different schools and districts.
Tawni Gillen-Martin
Written Assessments
Written assessments are often part of another form assessment. They can stand on their own as well.

Strengths - A written assessment will usually demonstrate the level of knowledge a student has in a particular subject area by how specific and precise they are when they are writing a response. Details help to convey comprehension to the instructor. The proper use of key terms will also support understanding and knowledge of the question that was asked.

Weaknesses - Students must be able to communicate well in a written format.

Role of Technology - Word processing programs are beneficial to both students and the instructor.
Tawni Gillen-Martin
Class Presentations
Assessments such as class presentations can be valuable to the student for many reasons. The students can use their imaginations and real-life experiences to make their presentations. They are also able to work as a group and share ideas with other students.

Strengths
- There are many forms of class presentations. Students can choose a format that they feel comfortable, they gain self-confidence, and they are included in the classroom as well.

Weaknesses
- Rubrics for assessments can be difficult to create. There needs to be a lot of work put into these, which can take a long time to complete.

Role of Technology
- PowerPoint Presentation, Prezi, Jing, Wink, and Snagit.
Tawni Gillen-Martin
Strengths
– Allows for the assessment of information presented within classroom time. Allows for students to reveal what they understand and/or do not understand in regards to the content provided.

Weaknesses
– Students that test/quiz poorly might not do well on written quiz like assessments. Might not be accurate reflection of student knowledge. Low level assessment.

Role of Technology
– Could be given on a computer in the manner as a survey with ActivInspire student remotes.
Michelle Buchanan
Strengths
– Allows for the real-time assessment of hand work as it is being created. Visual display of understanding.

Weaknesses
– Students with poor motor skills will assess lower, but might have the same level of understanding.

Role of Technology
– Video-stop motion filming of a project as it is being made.
Michelle Buchanan
Strengths
– Formative assessment. Great way individualize & personalize learning information and develop student-teacher learning relationships. Students can benefit from constructive feedback.

Weaknesses
- Time consuming and added work for educator.

Role of Technology
– Student journals could be kept in electronic format using MS Word or online using a blog.
Michelle Buchanan
Strengths
– Allows for the student to choose from a selection of vocabulary words that will match with definition. Lower level but beneficial for students to stimulate memory banks and recall information.

Weaknesses
– Lower level assessment.

Role of Technology
– Could be given on a computer in the manner as a survey or electronic document. ActivInspire student remotes and activity.
Michelle Buchanan
Real-Time Observation Form

Strengths
– Allows for the real-time assessment of hand work or class discussion as it is happening.

Weaknesses
– Introverted or quiet students might assess at lower levels because they are hesitant to participate.

Role of Technology
– Form can be kept in electronic format.
Michelle Buchanan
Digital Posters
Digital posters can be challenging for some students, but most students are motivated and engaged when doing a project using digital posters. A “digital poster” consists of either a static or dynamic digital object that focuses on a particular topic.

Strengths
- Digital posters are easy for students to create, and gives them a chance to show others how creative they can be. The digital posters also reach a broader range of learning styles than traditional assessments. It is good for students to use responsibility and the students are able to share with others.

Weaknesses
- The disadvantages are that students can focus unduly on presentation rather than content or understanding, finished posters might be very different thus making comparison difficult, and they could require additional resources (Curtin Teaching and Learning, 2010).

Role of Technology -
Technology is an integral part of this assessment without it the assessment would not be possible in this form.

Tawni Gillen-Martin
Full transcript