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Alice in Wonderland

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rosary magarro

on 4 November 2013

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Transcript of Alice in Wonderland

Lewis Carroll's Life
Literary Elements
Authorial Purpose
Identifies the author's mind and personality through his/her work


•Victorian era
•Abnormal eating habits
•Dual personality
•Sleeping difficulties
•Neglected childhood
Victorian Era
Queen Victoria reigned during this time period which influenced the female dominance displayed in Carroll's writing.

Alice in Wonderland
Abnormal Eating Habits
Carroll was known to have an obsessively negative association with eating which is reflected in his literature.
For example, the consequence of Alice eating and drinking is a change in her size (chapter 1)
Dual Personality
A dual personality was present in Carroll's own life beginning when he started writing under the pen name Lewis Carroll.

Similar to his own duality, many opposing identities are present in his stories.

Tweedledee and Tweedledum are twins who constantly contradict each other's opinions.
Sleeping Difficulties
Carroll's sleeping problems reflect in his literature.
•During the the mad tea party the dormouse can't stay awake.

•At the end of the story we find out that Alice is just dreaming.
Neglected Childhood
Carroll's neglected childhood (caused by the birth of four other siblings) influenced his writing.
The Duchess's baby is a nuisance because it cries so much, and then it turns into a pig and is left in the woods.
Chapters 1-3:
Alice notices the White rabbit with a waistcoat when he claims that he is late. Curious to why the rabbit is talking, she follows him through the hole. This leads her to a room full of doors, which contains the door to the loveliest garden she has ever seen. Unfortunately, the door is too small for her height, so Alice has to drink a potion that will reduce her size. Too petite to reach the key, she eats the cake that causes to grow abnormally huge.
Alice and the assembly of animals are all wet, so the Mouse decides the best way to make everyone dry is to tell a very dry story about English history.However, it does little to dry anyone so the Dodo bird explains a "Caucus Race", where there is little or no course and everyone can start whenever they want with no clear winner. The whole group participates until they are dry. Afterward, Alice frightens the animals by talking about her cat, so she becomes alone once again.
The white rabbit reappears because he has lost his gloves and fan. The Rabbit mistakes Alice for his maid and commands her to come back with him to the cottage to retrieve them. In the cottage, Alice cannot find the items, but finds unmarked bottle of liquid and begins to drink it. Growing abnormally huge, the Rabbit argues with her until his true servant, Mary Ann, shows up. Furious with the rabbit, Alice threatens to call Dinah, so the group throw pebbles which turns in to cakes. Consuming one of the cakes, Alice reduces in size and exists the house and is chased by the assembled animals. Luckily she is able to make her escape to the woods. While in the woods, Alice encounters a very large puppy that is much bigger than she is or perhaps Alice is too small again. Looking around to drink or eat, but instead she discovers a caterpillar on a mushroom smoking a hookah.
Chapter 4
Chapter 5-6
The Caterpillar opens the conversation in a wise, but seemingly rude, way by asking who she was. Alice doesn't reply but asks if he could transform in to a butterfly. The caterpillar does not comply, but gives her a valuable tool: two sides of the mushroom will change her size. Finally, Alice gets to be the right body shape, so she sets forth to find the most beautiful garden she has seen. Instead, she comes upon a house and decides to shrink appropriate height so she does not scare the animals.
A Fish-Footman delivers an invitation from the Queen to Frog-Footman, the Duchess of the house. Alice invites herself in the house and sees the Duchess nursing a baby while arguing with the cook and a grinning cat. Unconcerned about the safety of the child, Alice takes the baby with her, but the child turns in to a pig and trots off. Next, Alice meets the Cheshire cat and asks for directions. Unsatisfied with his odd answer, Alice marches off towards the March Hare. Once again, she uses the magic mushroom to transform herself to correct size.
After saving several gardeners from the temper of the Queen of Hearts, Alice joins the Queen in a strange game of croquet. Amidst this madness, Alice bumps into the Cheshire Cat again, who asks her how she is doing. The King of Hearts interrupts their conversation and attempts to bully the Cheshire Cat, who impudently dismisses the King. The King takes offense and arranges for the Cheshire Cat’s execution, but since the Cheshire Cat is now only a head floating in midair, no one can agree on how to behead it. The Queen said that the whole matter had better be settled or everyone would be killed. Alice replied that the cat belonged to the Duchess, who is sent to prison.

Alice approaches a tea party which consists of a Mad Hatter, a March Hare and a sleeping Doormouse. The whole party is rude to her, but she chooses to join them anyway and begins to engage them in conversation. The conversation contains riddles with no answers and about how the group is living in a nonsense world. Alice becomes insulted and has the good sense to get up and leave. She finally finds herself back in the room full of doors, so she uses her magic mushroom to go to the garden.
Chapter 7-8
Chapter 9-10
The Queen is prompted to release the Duchess from prison to resolve the matter. The Duchess is brought to the garden at Alice's request. She ruminates on finding morals in everything around her. The Queen of Hearts interrupts the conversation because she wants Alice to hear the Mock Turtle's history. The Queen has a Gryphon take Alice to the crying Mock Turtle.
The Turtle describes a quadrille which is performed between various assorted sea creatures. After singing the song of the Lobster-Quadrille, the Mock Turtle and the Gryphon speak with Alice, who explains how strange her journey has been. After listening to the story, they hear an announcement that a trial is about to begin, so they return to the garden.
Chapter 11-12
Alice attends a trial whereby the Knave of Hearts is guilty of stealing the Queen's tart. The Queen's obsession with death threats puts the rules of justice in jeopardy, making all of the witnesses and the Jury very afraid to do their duty. During the proceedings, Alice finds that she is steadily growing larger.
The White Rabbit calls Alice to the witness stand.The King goes nowhere with his line of questioning, but takes encouragement when the White Rabbit provides new evidence in the form of a letter written by the Knave. The letter turns out to be a poem, which the King interprets as an admission of guilt on the part of the Knave. Alice believes the note to be nonsense and protests the King’s interpretation. The Queen becomes furious with Alice and orders her beheading. All of a sudden, Alice finds herself awake on her sister’s lap, back at the riverbank.
For example, in the story, the Queen of Hearts overcomes the King both in size and power.
Still unable to see the garden, Alice starts to cry causing her too shrink while drowning in her pool of tears.The pool of tears becomes a sea, and as she swims through the water she meets a Mouse.She manages to insult the mouse by talking about her cat,Dinah, and a dog that was a good rat killer, which enrages the mouse.The mouse announces that he will tell Alice the story of why he hates both cats and dogs and leads her ashore,where a number of animals stand gathered.
(Chapter 12)
(Chapter 7)

Written for the purpose of entertainment

Carroll emphasizes the use of senses and imagination in particular through the use of characters which appear in the story, who function in completely irrational circumstances

Ultimately causes reader to reflect on the text, stimulates creativity

Children who enjoy fictional stories/fairy tales

Reflected through the stories supposed innocent and juvenile elements/characteristics

Figurative language

can be seen through many of the characters that Alice interacts with in the process of her journey.

She encounters animals such as the caterpillar who smokes, the white rabbit who is concerned about time, the Cheshire cat who smiles (etc.)


This can also be seen through Alice’s perspective, which resembles the mindset
of a child who is naive and ignorant of reality.
The author uses a gentle tone in the interests of his intended audience. The setting in itself is lively and enchanting - possessing a dream like quality, eliminating the ability to identify with the real word.

Allows critics to better understand the reason behind the author's style of writing along with the motivations for writing the text.
Links elements of the story with
their own personal experiences and or emotions
Full transcript