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Transcript of Carl Jung
During Jung's work with patients suffering from schizophrenia, he developed the theory of the collective unconscious.
The collective unconscious is shared among all humans.
It stores basic patterns of behaviour.
As a part of analysis a patient atempts to relove conflict between the personal and collective unconsious. Archetypes are the building blocks of the collective unconscious.
They represent roles that are known to all people, such as a mother or father.
They unconsciously direct everyday behaviour.
The most important archetypes are the anima and animus, which represent male and female traits, the shadow, which is repressed desires and failures, and the self, which is the united conscious and unconscious.
Archetypes are shown in the common themes in myths among different cultures.
Archetypes are represented as symbols in dreams. There are four dimensions to a psychological type, there are also four main functions of the mind.
Out of the four funtions, two are ways of perceiving and the other two are ways of judging.
When one perceives information, they can either use their senses or their intuition.
Intuition is insticive knowledge without rational processing, in other words it is getting an impression
When one judges information they can either go with their feelings or rationally think about it.
One of the dimensions relates to social orientation, which is when someone is introverted or extroverted.
Introverts are more concerned with their own mental life and prefer solitary activites.
In contrast, extroverts gain energy from social gatherings and prefer to be in large groups
These traits are organized by one's social orientation, how they perceive, how they judge and which they prefer of the two.
We both took a test to find our psychological types.
I am INTJ. What that means, is that I am introverted, my dominant function is thinking and my secondary mental function is using intuition.
People under this profile are perfectionists, have difficulty sharing their feelings and are very analytical. They also are good leaders, however they only take charge when necessary.
I am ENFJ. What this means, is that I am an extrovert. My primary function is utilizng my feelings and my secondary funtion is using intuition.
People like me have charisma and are great salesmen.
Jung's method of dream analysis is based on Freudian dream interpretation.
Jung theorized that people in the dream do not represent themselves, instead they symbolically represent aspects of the dreamer.
Dreams, when interpreted, can show psychological transformations, which are taking place.
When archetypes present themselves in a dream, they indicate that the dream has a significant meaning.
When a patient cannot provide the associations to analyze the dreams, the psychiatrist must determine the meaning behind the archetypal imagery. Individuation is Jung's term for self-realization.
The goal of individuation is to unite the collective and personal unconscious with the conscious mind.
Through individuation, one determines their concept of self and their place in society.
A person who has been individuated does not obssess with their persona, however they are not controlled by unconscious archetypes. Split With Freud Jung used to be a practitioner of psychoanalysis when he worked with Sigmund Freud.
When Carl Jung left Freud, he developed his own school of thought called analytical psychology.
Jung disagreed with Freud, calling his naive and simplistic for blaming every psychologcial problem on sexuality and repressed memories. Goals Analytical psychology aims to resolve unconscious conflicts within the psyche.
Neurosis arises from inner conflict between the conscious and the unconscious.
Psychosis is caused by being too deeply emmersed in the collective unconscious, causing hallucinations.
A patient suffering from one of these disorders will attend an analyst in order to find the cause of the problem and resolve the conflict. Tools Analytical psychologist use a wide variety of tools to analyze patients.
Dreams are interpreted to reveal unconscious conflicts.
Also, Jung used active imagination, where fantasies are used to understand the psyche.
Carl Jung developed word assiociation, where the analyst says one word and the patient says the first to come to mind. This reveals hidden conflicts. Personality Carl Jung's work on introverts, extroverts and mental function has become extremely influential.
The Myers-Briggs test has been developed with Jung's theories.
The test displays social orientation, perception, judjment and which of the two is prefered by your mind. Analysis Jung has forever changed psychiatry.
He developed word association, where the analyst says a word and the patient says the first to come to mind, which reveals unconscious conflicts.
Carl Jung also invented active imagination, which is used to analyze the unconscious by letting fantasies take place and recording them.
Jung commented on the relationship between the patient and the analyst. He realized how one-sided it is and started the tradition of psychiatrists being analyzed themselves, before they are certified. Early Life Carl Jung was born on July 26, 1875 in the city of Kesswil, located in Switzerland.
He was the second son of Johann Paul Jung, a reformed protestant and Swiss reverend.
At the age of three, Carl Jung and his family moved to Canton, Zurich.
Four years later, Johann Jung was transfered back to Kesswil, Switzerland. Johann Jung was adminstered to the Friedmatt mental institution where he would act as the pastor.
By late 1896 Johann Jung had passed away, this would spark the start of Carl Jung's psychological studies. Early Experiences During his time in Switzerland growing up, Carl Jung was fascinated by modern technology and simple vegetation.
The majority of Carl Jung's childhood was spent going to school, observing plants and trees, and viewing the nearby Lake Constance.
The attraction Carl Jung had to water at such an early stage in his life indicated his deep thinking abilities.
At the age of four, Carl Jung recalled the first dream he had had. This dream would put Carl Jung on a pathway to answers in the years to come, and would evidently come up with his own dream analysis. Education On April 18 1895, Carl Jung enrolled in the medical curriculum at the University of Basel.
While at the University of Basel, Carl Jung associated himself with the Swiss student fraternity. This group consisted of theologians, philosophers, jurists, and medical students.
In 1900, Carl Jung graduated with a M.D. from the University of Basel and is appointed assistant at the Burgholzli Psychiatric Hospital, Zurich, under Professor Eugen Bleuler. Early Career From 1900-1909, Carl Jung worked in the insane asylum and psychiatric clinic in Zurich.
It is known that the years Carl Jung had spent studying different patients in the clinic, greatly reflected his future work in the field of psycho-analysis.
By 1902 Carl Jung got his Ph.D. at the University of Zurich with a doctoral dissertation.
From 1905-1913 Carl Jung lectured in psychiatry at the University of Zurich.
In 1907 Carl Jung has his first meeting with Sigmund Freud. This meeting would start a friendship that would help both Jung and Freud in their psychological studies.
The Inevitable Break By 1914, Carl Jung had completely distanced himself from Sigmund Freud. Both men were on opposite spectrums of their theories of psychology.
This dispute had permanently destroyed any ties between Jung and Freud. This breakup would end up having grave consequences on Carl Jung’s studies as he ended up in a 6 year emotional breakdown.
During the turmoil, Carl Jung published "The Red Book". This book had detail accounts of all Carl Jung's hallucinations and dreams during his break-down term.
Post -Turmoil After a period of personal turmoil, Jung founded his own school and produced a vast number of studies that would attract a great number of followers.
By abandoning the meanders of psychosexuality, Jung would establish himself in the fields of spirituality and science.
Carl Jung would develop his own psychological theories and implement them into the realm of psychiatry Nazi Involvement In 1928, Carl Jung became a member of the International General Medical Society for Psychotherapy.
In 1933 Carl Jung was nominated as President of the same society.
This society had deep Nazi connections at the time, and some argue that his support for the Nazi regime inducted him into the society as President.
Carl Jung was reported of saying that the Nazi political party was “rumbling” and believed that “a positive culture would emerge”.
Was All Of This True? No, these criticisms were false allegations, most of them coming from Sigmung Freud followers, or were misinterpreted because of Carl Jungs sophisticated pardoxical writings.
How does Carl Jung justify his Nazi support? Carl Jung had an exceptional response, “a doctor needs a certain optimism in order to save everything that can possibly be saved, even when things look very black. One simply cannot afford to let oneself be too much impressed by the apparent or real hopelessness of a situation, even though this should entail exposing oneself to a certain danger”. In layman's terms, Carl Jung explained that in order to fully understand a concept, person or ogrganization, your full unbiased support must be given. Only then can you make truth of the situation