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Basinger - memory
Transcript of Basinger - memory
SHORT TERM MEMORY
so the brain can process it
Uses the senses to encode and establish a memory
Example: Singing a song to remember information
Information is maintained over a period of time.
What is remembered depends on how
it is encoded and how important it is
Example: Learning a foreign language
Obtaining information that has been stored in memory.
Information is retrieved easier when
encoded in particular ways.
Example: Firsts are encoded stronger
because they are important.
Example: What you had for lunch
on February 2nd hard to retrieve.
Memory is stored for a split second and then fades.
Gives you some
sounds and pictures
Things you have in your head at any one moment.
Lasts about 20 seconds.
Rehearsal - repeating things in your head
increases the chances of remembering it.
Chunking - grouping similar items
together so they're easier to remember.
LONG TERM MEMORY
Storage of information over extended periods of time.
Information stored according to categories.
Capacity seems to be endless.
Identify an object, idea, or situation through familiarity
Information can be
recalled in many
different ways using
Example: hear a song
and it reminds you of
Schemas - set of expectations based on past experiences.
Relearning - ability to
learn something easier
because of past exposure
Confabulation - gaps
in memory so we fill
them with false
Decay - fading away of information
Interference - blockage of
memory by other memories
Amnesia - loss of
memory due to injury
drug use or stress.