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Nigerian Geography & Agriculture
Transcript of Nigerian Geography & Agriculture
Geography affecting population density
Population density, in Nigeria varies due to a diverse geography . Nigeria's geography can range from swamps to savannas. Despite this it is one of the most dense population wise, states, in Africa. It is least populated in the northwest and west-central regions and more populated out in the south and northwestern regions. The more populated areas lay on the coast and the less populated lay near the border shared with Benin.
Geography Affects Agriculture
Nigeria's agriculture is based on its varied geography. It is composed of savannas, coastal wetlands, and tropical forests. The central part of the country contains plateaus and hills, while the southern part is composed of lowlands. On the other hand, the northern area is drier than the central and southern areas, because it is nearer to the equator. Nigeria has very good agricultural land that allows for a diverse crop and livestock production. The dry, northern savanna is suitable for growing sorghum, millet, maize, groundnuts and cotton, and is also the principal livestock-raising area. In addition to that, Nigeria's multiple vegetation zones, plentiful rain, surface water, underground water resources, and moderate climatic extremes allow for production of diverse food and cash crops. The main cash crops are cocoa, cotton, groundnuts, oil palm, and rubber. Rice is grown in the low-lying and seasonally flooded areas as well.
Bordered by the countries of Benin, Niger, Chad and Cameroun.
Nigeria has an abundance of geographical features.
The country has marshes, savannahs, plateaus, and forests.
Due to the ranges of geographical features, the country is able to grow a wide variety of crops to feed their local populations.
How does Climate in Nigeria Change affect its Agriculture?
The climate change in Nigeria affects the agriculture because there are a lot of crops and fertilization. A certain climate can either kill or over flow them. There has to be a specific climate rate in the area to keep crops and such alive. Agriculture is important in Nigeria because 80 percent of food grown is the total food there. Nigeria has been slow on growing such crops due to the weather being tropical and over flowing the crops. There are about 76 acres or 33 percent of Nigeria's land area. Nigeria is mostly a crop growing country in Africa. Climate changes the way the crops grow and how long they grow out to be able to have provision for the country. Due to the climate change, it's harder to have fresh crops by a certain date; the pricing rate went up on fresh crops.
Poverty Affects Agriculture
Though Nigeria is Africa's most populated country it is also a 3rd world country meaning it must face the struggles of poverty. Nigeria has great agriculture land but has been unable to keep up with the population growth. Therefore, Nigeria has gone from being an important exporter of crops to involuntarily having to import crops and food. Being an impoverished country also has direct affects on the crops themselves. More that 40% of Nigeria's goods are spoiled after their harvest because of the inadequate supply of electricity which is crucial for storing and processing crops.
How does the fluctuating weather affect the crops produced?
Nigeria has a variety of crops throughout the land because of the different climates. For example, in the northern part of Nigeria where the climate is primarily dry, the crops produced are millet, cowpeas, and a drought-resistant corn. In the center area, the climate is average which supports the crops yams, sorghum, millet, cassava, cowpeas, and corn. Lastly, in the southern tropical area, there is heavy precipitation. This causes the crops such as cassava, yams, taro, and sweet potatoes to flourish.
Here are people including women and children harvesting crops from the tropical land.
The average climate of the country is usually 100 degrees Fahrenheit and as low as 54 degrees Fahrenheit.
There are two primary seasons in Nigeria -- The Dry and Rainy Seasons.
During the dry season which lasts from October to April in Northern Nigeria and July to September in the Coastal and Southern Regions, The climate starts to increase.
The same is almost goes for the Rainy Season except the season starts in the South and moves its way up North.