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Victorian Time Period

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Lucy Cao

on 20 March 2014

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Transcript of Victorian Time Period

Works Cited
"Art in the Age of Victoria." The Victorian Artists. A Victorian, n.d. Web. 28 Feb 2014.
Beadle, Richard. "Early Victorian Nonfiction Prose." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 04 Mar. 2014.
"Composers, Critics, and Theorists." Composers, Critics, and Theorists. Victorian Web. Web. 04 Mar. 2014.
Eras of Elegance. "The Victorian Era (1837-1901)." Eras of Elegance. Eras of Elegance, n.d. Web. 28 Feb.
Morris, Tim. "Victorian Poetry." University of Texas Arlington. The University of Texas at Arlington, n.d. Web. 28 Feb. 2014.
Lear, Edward. "There Was an Old Man with a Beard."
Poetry Foundation
. Poetry Foundation, n.d. Web. 5
Mar. 2014.
Tennyson, Lord Alfred. "In Memoriam, Epilogue, [O True and Tried, so Well and Long]."
Academy of American Poets, n.d. Web. 13 Mar. 2014.
""Dover Beach" by Matthew Arnold."
The Victorian Web
. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Mar. 2014.
The FutureamKlax Television Network. "Monty Python Victorian Poetry." Online Video Clip.
Youtube, 17 December 2008. 03 March 2014.
Bruckmann, P. Kramer-Friedrick.
Alfred Tennyson
. N.d.
. Web. 5 Mar. 2014.
"The Best Thing In the World" by Elizabeth Barrett Browning
. Perf. The Wordman.
. Youtube, Web. 5
Mar. 2014.
"Neoclassicism: An Introduction." Victorian Web. Victorian Web, July 2000. Web. 3 Mar. 2014.
Snodgrass, Chris. “A Chronicle of Some Victorian Events.” University of Florida: Department of English.
The University of Florida, 2003. Web. 28 Feb. 2014.
"The Victorian Age: Review.” The Norton Anthology of English Literature. W.W. Norton and Company,
n.d. Web. 28 Feb. 2014.
“Victorian Britain.” British Broadcasting Company. British Broadcasting Company, n.d. Web. 28 Feb. 2014.
"Victorian Literature." The Literature Network. Jalic Inc., n.d. Web. 03 Mar. 2014.
Rachel, Lucy, Emmy, Swathi, and Malvika
Victorian Time Period
Historical Events
People's Charter advocated many political reforms.
Royal Albert Hall construction completed.
Second Reform Act
Victoria becomes queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
1832 - 1901
Heirs of the Romantic Era
Most poetry reflected beliefs in a transcendentalist power
Expressed the connection between body & soul, material & ideal, and earth & heaven.
Were very imaginative and full of "love"
Poetry-Mid Century Victorian Period
Visual Arts

Victorian Era (1837-1901)
classic art style influenced by Greek and Roman pieces
more mythological based
create a sense of harmony and serenity
opposite of Romanticism
expression of emotion over reason
brighter colors
reaction against the Renaissance era of imagination and people viewed as good and optimistic

Greek and Roman influences

Focus on human existence

More accuracy and emphasis on common sense, order, and restraint
Realism (1850-1880)
known as the positivist age

more scientific-based

rejection of Romantic subjectivism in place for objective views of the world

known artists: Joseph Bail, Andreas Achenbach, Jules Bastien-Lepage
visible brush strokes
emphasis on development of painting throughout the day
subjects were ordinary and everyday-related
unusual visible angles

known artists: Albert Bierstadt, Alexandre Cabanel, William Bouguereau
Symbolism (1880-1895)
Impressionism (1860-1900)
continuation of Romantic tradition in French style

Reaction to the Impressionist movement earlier

beginning of darker periods in Romanticism and more views towards abstract ideas

known Artists: John White Alexander, Mikhail Vrubel
Poetry-Early Victorian Period
Early Victorian Era
Was the peak of the "bel canto" or "beautiful singing" style. It is characterized by its smooth and expressive vocalism. Such as in Vicenzo Bellini's I Puritani (1835) & Gaetano Donizetti's Lucia di Lammermoor (1835)
The music hall emerged in saloons of public houses where for singing, dancing, drama, or comedy was performed for an admission fee or a higher price.
The first music halls were being built in London which created a demand for catchy new songs.
Mid-Victorian Era
The subject matter became more contemporary and humorous with accompaniment with large house-orchestras.
The lower class was provided with more commercial entertainment as well as a wider range of musical instruments came into play.
Music halls became more widespread and open to an urban public which required a fusion of musical influences.
Women learned music as an accomplishment, not as a profession & the few that did make it in the industry rarely saw their compositions printed such as Alice Mary Smith.
Late Victorian Era
Songs have cut loose from their original folk roots.
Singers started to become associated with certain songs and often had exclusive contracts with the songwriter like that of today.
James Bland was one of the finest ministrel composers of '70s & '80s and as a black, highlighted the diverse class character of the audience.
Edgar Elgar also heavily composed many pieces & is one of the most notable musicians of the Victorian Era
Early Victorian Period
(1832- 1848)
Times of prosperity, stability, optimism, and improvement.
Instead of imaginative and natural like the Early Victorians, Mid-Century as more down-to-earth and realistic.
Poetry-Late Victorian Period
Potato famine in Ireland
Hong Kong is made a British colony due to "unequal treaties"
with China.
Charles Darwin publishes
On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection.

London-Birmingham line opens.
Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels publish
The Communist Manifesto.
Some romantic ideas still applied but there was a lot of change.
Skepticism about transcendentalism and organized religions
Poetry about human suffering through love and unselfishness
Some poems became funnier and whimsical
Modernists are said to have followed in their footsteps and are almost indistinguishable from Late Victorians
"In Memoriam, Epilogue"
by Lord Alfred Tennyson
O true and tried, so well and long, Demand not thou a marriage lay; In that it is thy marriage day Is music more than any song. Nor have I felt so much of bliss Since first he told me that he loved A daughter of our house; nor proved Since that dark day a day like this; Tho' I since then have number'd o'er Some thrice three years: they went and came, Remade the blood and changed the frame, And yet is love not less, but more...

Mid-Victorian Period
(1848 - 70)
Stanzas 1, 2, & 3
Later Victorian Period
(1870 - 1901)

Early Period (1832-1848)
"There was an Old Man with a Beard" by Edward Lear
There was an Old Man with a beard,
Who said, 'It is just as I feared!
Two Owls and a Hen,
Four Larks and a Wren,
Have all built their nests in my beard!'
Oath of Horati, 1784
Jacques-Louis David
literature often focused on the poor and the new, urban life of industrial England
Creation of two Englands: the wealthy (few) and the poor (majority)
Mid-Victorian Period (1848-1870)
Death of Socrates, 1787
Jacques-Louis David
Prose focuses on contrary forces
Ex: promise of progress combined with emptiness of long-held beliefs
Late Period (1870-1901)
Political writings empowered the working class
working class gain control of the industry
Gleaners, 1857
Jean-François Millet
The Scream, 1893
Edward Munch

Impression, Sunrise , 1872
Claude Monet
growth of periodicals, changing style and pacing
reading audience became more fragmented
short fiction becomes popular
novel becomes prevalent
protagonist commonly tries to define him/herself relative to social systems--indicative of social change and industrialization
A change in British laws results in the first Jewish member of Parliament.
Queen Victoria dies.
Charles Dickens publishes
Oliver Twist
in periodical form in 1837-1838,
A Christmas Carol
in 1843

2:18- 3:50
Discussion of Jane Eyre (1947) and conflict (Charlotte Bronte)
0:29- 1:00
Lecture on
Wuthering Heights
Unifying Principles
Period of many changes and progress
Artwork was extravagant, ornate
Modernist and realistic movement
Contrasting and opposing forces
Heirs of the Romantics
Skeptical of transcendentalism and more interested in human suffering in late century
"Dover Beach" by Matthew Arnold
Excerpt( Stanzas 1 and 2)
The sea is calm to-night.
The tide is full, the moon lies fair
Upon the straits;--on the French coast the light
Gleams and is gone; the cliffs of England stand,
Glimmering and vast, out in the tranquil bay.
Come to the window, sweet is the night-air!
Only, from the long line of spray
Where the sea meets the moon-blanch'd land,
Listen! you hear the grating roar
Of pebbles which the waves draw back, and fling,
At their return, up the high strand,
Begin, and cease, and then again begin,
With tremulous cadence slow, and bring
The eternal note of sadness in.

Sophocles long ago
Heard it on the {AE}gean, and it brought
Into his mind the turbid ebb and flow
Of human misery; we
Find also in the sound a thought,
Hearing it by this distant northern sea.
In the beginning, the poet and his lover are sitting and watching the sea
The speaker is attracted by the calmness of the night but hears a sound
Still Romantic as the speaker describes the setting
The sound of the waves bringing the pebbles back reminds the speaker of sadness
Allusion to Sophocles and how he had heard the same sound in the Aegean Sea
To Sophocles, the sound was of human suffering.
Relates back to late-century writing of human suffering misery.
Rhyme is used
Whimsical and funny
A Book of Nonsense
which is a book full of Lear's limericks and helped popularize the limerick form.
There was an Old Man with a beard,
Who said, "It is just as I feared!—
Two Owls and a Hen, four Larks and a Wren,
Have all built their nests in my beard.
"The Best Thing in the World"
by Elizabeth Browning
light-hearted tone
"Beauty" as a person, not a thing--a naturally beautiful person that is not painted in makeup, but is more down-to-earth
Romantic style
Speaker says "love is not less, but more"
Does not use specific names but pronouns
Full transcript