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Kofi and Brandon

on 5 March 2014

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Transcript of Hiroshima

Hiroshima/Nagasaki and Operation OVERLORD
What happened?
Who was involved?
When did it happen?
Why did it happen?
How did it affect the war and the world?
The B-29 Bomber named Elona Gay was deployed from a US airbase on August 6, 1945 at 2:45 AM. The U.S. dropped the "Little Boy" on Hiroshima on August 6, 1945 at 8:15 AM. Then the "Fat Man" dropped from the B-29 bomber named "Bock's Car" on Nagasaki on August 9, 1945 at 11:02 AM.
The U.S. dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan as well as Nagasaki, Japan. When the bomb dropped on Hiroshima 70,000 people were killed instantly. Nagasaki lost 40,000 people.
(top; "FatMan" bottom; "LittleBoy")
The bombing affected the war because five days after the bombing, Japan accepted an unconditional surrender. This brought the war in the Pacific to a rapid end. It affected the world by bringing about the start of the nuclear age.
The US asked for Japan's unconditional surrender but when they refused we were forced to drop it. They also dropped it to showcase our weapon of incredible destruction to the Soviets and influence them not to take us lightly.
The nations involved with the bombing were the US and Japan. The pilot who flew the plane was Colonel Paul Tibbets, along with Co-Pilot Robert Lewis, his crew was the 509th composite group, Navy Captain William S. Parsons, an important developer of the bomb went along to arm it safely, and General Carl Spaatz was in charge of where to drop the bomb and when.
(left-right; Paul, Carl, William)
Fun Facts
Hiroshima was chosen to be bombed because it was a very industrial city, it had a military base, and it had never been bombed before
"Fat Man" was originally going to be dropped on Kokura, but due to bad weather it was moved to Nagasaki.
The bombs were going to be dropped on Berlin, but when Germany surrendered they moved it to be dropped on Japan.
Operation OVERLORD
What happened?
Operation OVERLORD, otherwise known as D-Day was an invasion of the Beaches of Normandy.
Who was involved?
The person appointed by FDR and Churchill to conspire a viable plan for invading France was Lieutenant-General Sir Frederick Morgan . The nations involved with the invasion were Great Britain, the US, and Canada.

All of the troops deployed on June 5, 1944 and landed on June 6, 1944.
When did it happen?
Where did it happen?
The troops were deployed from South England. They invaded Western France through the beaches of Normandy. The beaches include Omaha, Juno, Sword, Pointe Du Hoc, and Gold beach.
Why did it happen?
The Allied troops invaded France to speed up the end of the war in Europe and it also led to Op. COBRA which was a plan to liberate France.
How did it affect the war and the world?
It affected the war by boosting the spirits of the Soviets who were fighting Germany in Poland. It also led to the end of the Nazi army a day later. It affected the world because many American, British, and Canadian troops were lost
Fun Facts.
Operation OVERLORD was the greatest invasion force in the history of warfare.
Operation Neptune was the assault phase of the plan, whereas the overall invasion of north-west Europe.
There were 1,537,000 soldiers at the time of the invasion.
American troops landed on Utah beach and Omaha beach. British and Canadian troops landed on Gold, Juno, and Sword beach.
The way troops were deployed in to battle were by amphibious vehicles that could drive through water and on land. They also deployed from planes and were called "paratroopers"
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