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Japanese art

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Hilary Nicholls

on 10 October 2016

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Transcript of Japanese art

Takehiko Inoue
is one of the most well known manga artists, he pens the comic 'slam dunk' and his drawings have been used to advertise 'Nike' trainers
Contemporary Japanese artists are often inspired by this art of 'the floating world' and use it to comment on ordinary Japanese life today in the modern world compared to then. Can you spot what makes this Japanese print by Masami Teraoka modern?
Takashi Murakami
Murakami pioneered the
'superflat' st
yle and is currently Japan's most successful
artist. Mur
akami's art does not so much look to Japan's
past but to
the future. He uses pokemon and gaming figu
res for in
spiration and revels in Japan's consumerist socie
ty much
in the same way Andy Warhol did in America in th
e 1950
s and 60s
Murakami has collaborated with designers Marc Jacobs, Issey Miyaki, and LouisVuitton.
He also designed one of Kanye West's album covers and did a video animation for the video.
One of the most eccentric and quirky Japanese artists is
Yayoi Kusama

Japanese art doesn't just take influences from western culture, Kusama has had an influence in the west since the 1960s when she first came over from Japan to New York.
Like Muramami, she also was asked to design patterns for Louis Vuitton and Marc Jabobs
http://www.tate.org.uk/whats-on/tate-modern/exhibition/yayoi-kusama
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-radio-and-tv-18510292
over here in Britain she gave the London Tube map a new look.
Clamp are an all female manga artists group they are highly acclaimed and have won many awards. here are some of their cartoons
Akira Toriyama best known for his manga series Dr. Slump and Dragon Ball, as well as character designer for the Dragon Quest video games
Akira Toriyama
Eiichiro Oda is a Japanese manga artist, best known for his series One Piece, which is the highest-selling manga series of all time.....
Noriaki Kubo, known by his pen name Tite Kubo, is a Japanese manga artist. His most significant work is the manga series Bleach
UKIYO-E
5w’s
Why
"Pictures of the floating world" were a diversion from the mundane, everyday world
The prints were for townsmen who were not wealthy enough to afford an original painting
1800’s
to
1850’s
Ukiyo-e
Japan
Kuniyoshi

Hiroshige

Hokusai
What
Who
Where
When
Dozens of "Fuji's" laid out to dry between printings. 
Path Of The Assassin (Dark Horse) art by Kojima Goseki (1970’s)
This type of art is called ‘Ukiyo-e’, which means ‘pictures of the floating world’
Japanese Art
Again..... the finished result.
A selection of three blocks..........                       
        Rubbing with "baren"....          Lifting the print....         The finished result. 
Lifting the print....             The finished result. 
Sky area printing (blue and gray 'bokashi'): 
One Piece colour title spread by Eiichiro Oda from a recent episode in Shonen Jump
"Samurai & Dragon“
by Kuniyoshi (1797-1861)
Kuniyoshi's warrior print (circa 1848)
Today
Shōjo: intended for girls
Hokusai manga is a term given to a collection of images by the artist Hokusai. The word ‘manga’ means ‘whimsical pictures’, which means they were pictures that weren’t meant to be taken seriously.

Ukiyo-e images are woodblock prints

The production of a single print was very labour intensive and involved four people known as the Ukiyo-e quartet

The Artist
The Block-cutter
The Printer
The Publisher

Several hundred copies of each print would be made
(more if it was a popular image)
The Japanese have a long tradition of graphic art. This is one of its most famous images, ‘The Great Wave off Kanagawa’ by Hokusai, made in the 1820s
Josei: intended for adult women
Today
Magical girls belong to a sub-genre of Shōjo
Today
People were made in a very stylised way and look like cartoon characters
Kodomo: intended for young children
Today
Now there are many different types of Manga
1960s
shoujo (young girls).
shonen (young boys)
The Manga that came after Tezuka became more and more story-based, which generally could be put into two categories
OsamuTezuka (1928 -1989) is said to be the father of Modern of Manga..........
Astro Boy, one of his early creations used perspective and angles which were inspired by European movies he saw as a young man
Three influential artists of this period were:
Hiroshige
1797-1858
Hokusai
1760–1849
Kuniyoshi
1797-1861
KAT
make a copy of the kuniyoshi warrior to practice skills you have used previously:
Media (pencil and paint)
Observation (accuracy)
Composition (how does the image fit the space)
The revenge of the Forty-seven Ronin took place in Japan at the start of the 18th century. One noted Japanese scholar described the tale, the most famous example of the samurai code of honor, bushidō, as the country's "national legend.
Kuniyoshi
A woman reading a calendar while resting her right elbow on a storage box
1844
Kuniyoshi
Asahina Saburo Yoshihide Wrestles with Two Crocodiles at Kotsubo Beach, Kamakura,
1849 (detail)
Kimono don’t have pockets, so money was carried around in inro.

Inro were little wooden boxes covered in lacquer (a kind of varnish made from tree sap).
The term kimono was first used from the 19th century.

Before that, it was known as a kosode and was mainly worn by less wealthy people. It became fashionable from the 16th century.
KIMONO
Design a kimono information page
They are secured by a sash called an obi, which is tied at the back.
Originally the word ‘kimono’ literally meant "thing to wear"
(ki ‘wearing’ and mono ‘thing’)
Inro were secured by netsuke – decorative toggles.
http://www.cctv.com/program/asiatoday/20090812/105700.shtml
tabi
geta
zōri
Kimono are generally worn with traditional footwear (especially zōri or geta) and split-toe socks (tabi).
着物 = japanese word for kimono
More paintings by Kelly Tunstall
Fantastic Mr. Fox
Acrylic and Gold Leaf of Wood Panel, 30x40
Pour Some Out
Acrylic and Gold Leaf on Wood Panel, 20x30"
Unbalanced
Acrylic and Gold Leaf on Wood Panel, 20x30
Giant
Acrylic and Gold Leaf on Wood Panel, 30x40
Big Haul
Tiger Waiting
Owl Tied
Triptych for White Walls/Art Basel 2010.
Plock created three new pieces for White Wall's latest show at Miami's Art Basel called, "Never Say Never". The artwork is on wood panels and the materials include acrylic paint, white gold leaf, and gouache.
Snoopy
Acrylic on Wood Panel, 20x30"
Hello
Acrylic on Wood Panel, 20x30"
Original Danger
Acrylic on Wood Panel, 30x40
Snarf
Acrylic and Gold Leaf on Wood Panel, 16x20
Count Cool J
Acrylic on Wood Panel, 16x20"
Feed the Beast 
Acrylic and Gouache on Wood Panel  12x11"
Joe
Acrylic and Gold Lead on Wood Panel, 18x24"
Plock also served as the 2010 SF Recology Artist in Resident.

Recology is a company based in San Francisco. They provide collection, recycling, compost, and disposal services. The Artist in Residence Program is a unique art and education program that provides artists with access to discarded materials, a stipend (a small wage), and a large studio space at the Recology Solid Waste Transfer and Recycling Centre. By supporting artists who work with recycled materials, Recology hopes to encourage people to conserve natural resources and promote new ways of thinking about art and the environment.
Night Mask
Acrylic and Gold Leaf on Wood Panel, 18x24"
Through a variety of mediums including acrylic, watercolour, spray paint, India ink, gold or silver leaf, and collage Plock creates highly detailed works, often character-based paintings on wood panel, that combine contemporary pop culture with the aesthetic of Japanese ukiyo-e woodblocks.
Ferris Plock (born 1974) is a San Francisco-based artist .
Go Go Godzilla
Acrylic and Gold Lead on Wood Panel, 48x72
Tom
Acrylic on Wood Panel, 18x24"
Jerry
Acrylic on Wood Panel, 18x24"
Lasagna
Acrylic on Wood Panel, 16x20"
Daffy
Acrylic on Wood Panel, 20x30
Clown Boss
Acrylic and Gold Leaf on Wood Panel, 18x24"
Nacho
Acrylic on Wood Panel, 16x20
He lives within the city with his wife, Kelly Tunstall (Plock’s partner in the artistic duo KeFe), and son Brixton……….
How to draw…
Manga faces
http://petshopboxstudio.com/blog/tutorial/step-by-step-drawing-cute-anime-girl-face/
Light spots
Pupil
4
The 'Floating World' of today's Japan is very different to how it was in the 1850's.

Japanese society has foreign influences, mass consumerism, a preoccupation with celebrity, technology and gaming, all the same things that are part of our culture here in Britain.

In fact Japan is often referred to as 'Asia's Britain' because of the eccentricity of the people. Japanese culture is quirky and fun-loving and the art reflects that.
Hush
Ferris Plock
Hiromu Arakawa (Born 1973)
Best known for her Fullmetal Alchemist series
Death Note is a Japanese manga series created by writer Tsugumi Ohba and manga artist Takeshi Obata.
It centers on Light Yagami, a high school student who discovers a supernatural notebook, the titular "Death Note". This notebook grants its user the ability to kill anyone whose name and face they know.
The series follows Light's subsequent efforts to create a criminal-free utopia using the notebook, and the efforts of a detective known as L to stop him.
"Pictures of the floating world" were a diversion from mundane everyday life.

Similar to an OK magazine of today they depicted famous faces (Actors, Courtesans and Heroes) and places.

The prints were for people who were not wealthy enough to afford an original painting
Kimono are T-shaped, straight-lined robes worn so that the hem falls to the ankle, with attached collars and long, wide sleeves.
Roy Lichtenstein
Whaam! 1963

Robert Rauschenberg
Almanac, 1962

Although it has the distinct influence of tagging throughout, the layered textures and brightly coloured compositions create an image with immediate and powerful visual impact.

Banksy

Basquiat
Skull, 1984

Hush's work has been described as a sensory assault of shape, colour, and character. Inspired by the portrayal of the female form in art, the artist builds up and tears down layers of paint and images as he works, "letting the canvas and marks take their own path."

The result is an enigmatic synthesis of anime, pop-infused imagery and graffiti that exposes the conflict between power and decay and the fusion of Eastern and Western culture.

He is influenced by his cross cultural experiences. Having originally trained as a graphic designer and illustrator for 5 years at Newcastle School of Art and Design, his work has taken him across Europe and Asia.

Hush now lives in the UK but exhibits across the globe, with shows in London, Los Angeles, New York, San Francisco, Hong Kong and Newcastle. 

Hush uses a range of techniques including screen printing, spray painting and collage to create floral and geometric patterns that at times look like decorated porcelain.

East meets west in this incredible fusion of graffiti and illustration by renowned British street artist HUSH

Who: Ferris Plock
When: Born 1974
Where: San Francisco, USA
What: Painter
Why: Heavily influenced by Japanese Art
Fusion of East and West
Who: Hush
When: Contemporary Artist
Where: Based in England
What: Graffiti
Why:

pop-infused imagery and graffiti that shows a fusion of Eastern and Western culture
Sample pieces of paper showing tones and shading. 
Red mountainside printing (red 'bokashi'):
Bokashi (Japanese: ぼかし) is a technique used in Japanese woodblock printmaking. It achieves a variation in lightness and darkness (value) of a single color by hand applying a gradation of ink to a moistened wooden printing block, rather than inking the block uniformly. This hand-application had to be repeated for each sheet of paper that was printed.
Similarities and Differences
His paintings are a fusion of East and West
Ukiyo-e type figures with references to Plock's childhood heroes
Highly detailed patterns from the past with modern references
Utagawa Kunisada
Ferris Plock
You have a choice of three tasks:
1. Create a DEAL page on "Original Danger"










2. Make a visual analysis of another Plock image

3. Continue to develop your final piece
Full transcript