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Responsive Classrooms

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Duncan Telford

on 5 February 2013

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Transcript of Responsive Classrooms

By: Amy Lieberman and Duncan Telford Interactive Modeling The Morning Meeting What is Interactive Modeling? Rule Creation What is it? What are Morning Meetings? What are Responsive Classrooms? "The Responsive Classroom approach is a way of teaching that fosters safe, challenging, and joyful elementary schools."

Developed by classroom teachers, this approach consists of practical strategies for bringing together social and academic learning throughout the day. Now Lets Give This a Try In your groups you will have the opportunity to try some Greetings and Group Activities Sitting in a Circle - Interactive Modeling Guiding Principles of the Responsive Classroom Approach The social curriculum is as important as the academic curriculum

How children learn is as important as what they learn

To be successful academically and socially, children need to learn and practice specific socials skills Positive Teacher Language Conveying a Belief in Children Responding to Misbehavior Goals We need children to see themselves as capable individuals and responsible community members. As teachers we can use positive language to help students build that self perception. Lets compare the following statements: "Chloe, don't even think about running in the hall this morning. I'm watching you." "Good morning Chloe, I see you're remembering to walk safe in the hall." Use Direct Language Use clear, direct language that is free from sarcasm

Words, tone of voice, facial expression, and body position can communicate calmness and respect

Focus on building positive behavior and avoid power struggles. Reinforcing Positive Behavior Name concrete, specific behaviors

Use warm but professional tone

Emphasize description over personal approval

Find positives to name in all students

Name progress Teacher Language During Clean-up Teacher Language During Independent Work Time Stop the misbehavior and reestablish positive behavior as quickly as possible

Develop children's self-control and self-regulating skills

Help children recognize and fix any harm caused by their mistakes

Demonstrate that rules help make the classroom a safe place where everyone can learn Strategies for Responding to Behavior Visual and Verbal Cues

Increased Teacher Proximity

Logical Consequences Logical Consequences You Break it you Fix it - This type of logical consequence is used in situation when something had been broken or a mess has been made---accidentally or intentionally

Loss of Privilege - This type of logical consequence is used when children's behavior does not meet pre-established expectations

Positive Time Out - This type of logical consequence is used when a teacher believes that a child needs a way to calm down and recover self-control Key Points to Cover in Teaching Time Out Going to the time-out spot quickly without saying anything, making gestures, or stopping along the way

Coming back from time-out quietly and rejoining the group

Ways to be helpful to a classmate such as, leaving that person alone, going on with activities as usual, and welcoming the student when they return. Keep Time-Outs Brief and Clarify Who Decides When it is Over Time-outs are generally just a few minutes long, though it depends on the students ability to regain control and return to the group

Some children might need thirty seconds while others might need five minutes. Use a Calm Voice and Few Words An important purpose of time-out is to allow the work of the group to go on when a student is acting out.

Lengthy explanations or negotiations will only disrupt the group further. Remember that Time-Out Does Not Work for all Children No matter how carefully teachers introduce time-out and how skillfully they use it, there will always be some children for whom it simply doesn't work The key Responsive Classroom practices include: Guided Discovery
Academic Choice
Collaborative Problem Solving
Working with Families Instructional delivery systems that promote engaged learning for all children

Building friendly, supportive communities within classrooms and schools

Classroom and school-wide management that emphasizes the development of children's responsible independence Morning Meetings
Creating Rules
Interactive Modeling
Positive Teacher Language
Logical Consequences These Practices Provide: Who Benefits From Using the Responsive Classroom Approach? Teachers
Special Area Teachers
Administrators Foundational Ideas of Children and the Classroom: Knowing students developmentally, individually, and culturally

Social and academic learning go hand in hand

All children want to learn and can learn The acronym CARES is used to refer to this practice and includes: Cooperation
Assertion
Responsibility
Empathy
Self Control Goals of Morning Meetings: Structure of Morning Meetings: They occur each school day at the beginning of the morning where children and teachers form a circle on the floor

They talk about their personal lives

Participate in group activity's

Read daily messages from the teacher Build a sense of community and belongingness

Each student to feel significant in the classroom

Build trust and enforce positive tones for learning

Bring together social and academic learning

Have fun Greeting

Sharing

Group Activities

Morning Message Unlike conventional modeling, interactive modeling gives children an active role, which helps them stay engaged and remember what they are learning

It uses a 7 step format that shows children exactly what to do, helping them notice key elements, and giving them practice while the teacher coaches What can I Teach Using Interactive Modeling? What to do when you hear a signal for quiet

How to take out and put away classroom materials

What to do at cleanup

How and when to lineup

How to move through the classroom and hallways

What to do when it is someone else's turn to speak 7 Steps to Interactive Modeling Briefly state what you will model, and why

Model the behavior exactly as you expect the students to do it

Ask the students what they notice

Invite one or more students to model the same way you did

Again, ask the students what they noticed the modelers doing

Have all the students model while you observe and coach them

Provide feedback, naming specific, positive actions you notice and redirecting respectfully but clearly when students go off task Positive Time Out Energizers Energizers are activities you can use with your students to break up the class and get the blood flowing to the brain

Use when students seem lethargic

Build them into logical breaks during the class period What are Energizers? Tips: Know your students and what they need

Model how to do each energizer

Take your time

Plan how to end lively energizers "Interruptions" Clap when you hear a word that starts with the letter "S"

Snap when you hear a number

Sit down when you hear the end of a sentence

Stand up when you hear the beginning of a sentence


Reflecting upon experiences Generating Ideas and Goals Actively Exploring, Experimenting, and Problem Solving What to think about... Examples of rules: Teachers collaborate with students to develop classroom rules that support everyone's learning Articulating hopes and dreams

Generating rules

Framing rules in the positive

Considering the list Enjoy

Respect everyone and everything around you

Speak kindly

Be helpful and responsible

Take care of classroom and school property Assign one person to be the "teacher" who will help lead the group Every couple of minutes we will rotate the cards so everyone can try a variety of Greetings and Group Activities
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