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Transcript of East Timor
The people of East Timor were invaded by Indonesian forces because East Timor was on the process of decolonization. The "us" were the Indonesian soldiers and the "them" were the Timorese people. 2. Symbolization:
Under Indonesian rule, the Portuguese language was banned. The Timorese people used Portuguese as a symbol of resistance and freedom. 3. Dehumanization:
The Indonesian soldiers called the Timorese people "dogs." 4. Organization:
The Indonesian government organized the genocide. They asked a U.S. senate to see if it was okay to invade East Timor. 5. Polarization:
The Indonesian soldiers thought that if they stopped East Timor from gaining independence, they could control East Timor and kill all the people. 6. Preparation:
1. The Indonesian soldiers took over the capital of East Timor, which was Dili. Sent 10,000 troops.
2. They took over the second largest city in East Timor.
3. They spread around East Timor and tried to take over the rest of the cities. 7. Extermination:
After the genocide, the total death numbers for the Timorese people was 150,000-200,000. The total death numbers for the Indonesian soldiers was 10,000-15,000. The Timorese people were killed by means of starvtion, diseases, napalm, and chemical weapons by the Indonesian soldiers. The killings took place from 1975 to 1999. 8. Denial:
1. The Indonesians say that some people get caught in cross fire.
2. They killed the Australian news crew so they wouldnt have any evidence. East Timor Genocide
By: Aaron Fest and
Brandon Thurk What was the United States response during the genocide?
The United States kept on supplying weapons to Indonesia during the genocide.
They sent some of their navy over to secure the seas of East Timor. 1975: On Oct. 16, five Australian journalists were killed in East Timor when Indonesian troops overran the bordertown of Balibo. 1975: On Nov. 28, the Portuguese colonial rule collapsed and East Timor proclaimed independance, but 10 days later it was invaded by Indonesia. 1978: The Indonesian military systematically forced dozens of East Timorese women to become sex slaves for officers. 1991: On Nov. 12, Indonesian troops under Lt. Gen'l. Sintong Panjaitan killed at least 50 demonstrators in Dili, East Timor. The total killedafter a few days reached hundreds. The massacre of 270 civilians, gathered at the funeral of a young man killed 2 weeks earlier, by Indonesian troops was witnessed by reporter Allen Nairn. 1996: In November, from Dili, Indonesia, Jose Ramos Horta in 1997 presented video images taken at time of torture of East Timorese youths to the United Nations Human Rights Committee. 1997: On June 25, East Timor rebel leader, Alex, died of gunshot wounds in Dili. Rebels charged that he was only slightly wounded and died under interrogation. 1997: On Nov. 26, a recent visitor reported that some 40,000 Indonesian troops were stationed in East Timor among a population of 800,000. 1999: On April 18, weekend violence left as many as 30 people dead, as pro-Indonesia militia rampaged through Dili. 1999: On April 25, pro-Indonesian militias were reported to have killed over 150 people in East Timor. 1999: On Oct. 31, the last 900 Indonesian soldiers departed. Indonesian forces had burned about 80% of East Timor's government buildings and infrastructure following the vote for independance. Timeline What was the world's response during the genocide?
Most countries supported Indonesia during the genocide. Some sold weopons to each other and some sold supplies.
Some countries sent over troops to help protect their independance. None of the people who have committed the genocide
has been put to justice.