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Transcript of Ernest Hemingway
Hemingway attends Oak Park and River Forest High School.
'Any man's life,
told truly, is a novel'
High School Years 1913-1917
Picture of Oak Park and River Forest High School.
Hemingway begins writing for the high school's newspaper, The Trapeze in 1915.
In 1916, he begins writing for the school's literary magazine, Tubula including poems and short stories.
He graduates from Oak Park and River Forest High School June of 1916.
He decides to work for the Kansas City Star as a reporter.
While working at the Kansas City Star, Hemingway learns how to observe and write for a larger audience.
Hemingway decided to sail to Europe to become an ambulance driver for the Red Cross, because his bad eye held him back from being able to join the armed forces.
July 8, Hemingway was wounded by an Austrian mortar while helping a comrade.
In 1919, he returns back to the United States, and becomes a freelance writer for the Toronto Star.
In May, he becomes a writer for Cooperative Commonwealth, a monthly magazine.
July 21, 1899- July 2, 1961
Hemingway was born in Oak Park, Illinois on July 21, 1899.
He is the second born out of six children.
His father Clarence, a physician and outdoors man.
His mother Grace, left her career as a music teacher to marry and be a full time mother.
His father taught him about nature and the outdoors.
Hemingway marries Hadley Richardson on September 3, 1921.
He becomes a full-time reporter for the Toronto Star, so Hadley and he move to Paris.
Hemingway and his wife later return to Toronto.
They later have a son in October, John Hadley.
January of 1923, Hemingway met Edward O'Brien and Robert McAlmon during his visit to Rapallo, Italy.
Edward O'Brien read Hemingway's "My Old Man," and Hemingway's story became selected for Best Short Stories of 1923.
McAlmon, an American emigrant and writer established the Contact Publishing Company in Paris, and he became Hemingway's first publisher. .
Over the next ten years, Hemingway's literary works were about men at war: "The Best War Stories of All Time" in 1942, which he revised.
In 1944, Hemingway starts to have relations with an American journalist in London, Mary Welsh.
While being a war correspondent for General George Patton's Third Army, he becomes a part of the 22nd Infantry Regiment.
In 1945, Hemingway's wife, Martha Gellhorn divorces him in December.
Hemingway marries the newswoman, Mary Welsh on March 14, 1946.
In 1952, Hemingway published "The Old Man and the Sea". a powerful short story about an old Cuban fisherman.
In 1960, Hemingway and Mary moved to Idaho.
Hemingway suffered from somatic sustenance and depression.
He was covertly hospitalized twice at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Michigan.
Hemingway received electroshock therapy while hospitalized at the Mayo clinic.
Hemingway's final work that was published before his death was Collected Poems in 1960.
Hemingway's African Safari Trip
In 1933, Hemingway and Pauline went on a five month African safari trip.
Hemingway's experience there inspired him to write the story, "Green Hills of Africa."
Hemingway's African safari also inspired him to write two masterpieces.
"The Snows of Kilimanjaro" and "The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber"
These two masterpieces are about bravery, treachery, disappointment, and emancipation.
April 1929, Hemingway and his family moved back to France.
September 27, 1929, Hemingway's "A Farewell To Arms" was published.
The response to this novel confirmed Hemingway as a major writer and a powerful influence upon American Literature.
November 12, 1931, Hemingway and Pauline had another son, Gregory.
In 1933, Hemingway's collection about combat conditions "Winner Take Nothing," was published.
In 1924, Hemingway leaves his job at the Toronto Star, and goes back to Paris to write fiction.
Hemingway becomes an unpaid assistant editor for the transatlantic review, a journal that Ford Maddox Ford founded and he also published fictional works.
Hemingway's wife, Hadley becomes friends with Pauline Pfieiffer, who worked for the Paris edition of Vogue.
Hemingway and Pauline fell in love with one another.
Hemingway's Awards and Accomplishments
In 1937, Hemingway becomes connected in the Loyalist cause during the Spanish civil war.
He covered the battle for the North American Newspaper Alliance (NANA).
During this time, he publishes his best-selling novel "For Whom The Bell Tolls."
November 4, 1940, Hemingway and Pauline's divorce was finalized.
November 21, 1940, Hemingway married Martha Gellhorn, a journalist.
At the end of 1940, Hemingway bought the Finca Vigia; and Hemingway and his wife left for China to cover the war.
At the age of 30, Ernest Hemingway was considered a literary master.
His short stories and novels had powerful influence on several generations of writers.
He created his own persona and legendary influence at the beginning of his writing career.
This lead several people to infer that Ernest Hemingway's utmost character was himself.
Hemingway rendered his life into creative works in a progression of phases, this lead him to be able to put his own self into the fictional world.
Hemingway was extremely competitive
He wanted to be the best writer
Several of his works have been made into feature films.
Hemingway leaves behind a influential existence.
Europe, World War I
Nobel Prize for Literature, 1954
Award of Merit from American Academy of Arts and Letters.
July 2, 1961, Hemingway ended his own life by a self-inflicted gunshot blow to the head.
Tragic death of Ernest Hemingway
The Hemingway Foundation
The Ernest Hemingway Museum is an exhibit that explores the life of Ernest Hemingway. The exhibit shares rare photos and artifacts, including Hemingway's childhood diary and the famous letter from nurse Agnes von Kurowsky. Has information regarding Hemingway's love of nature and the arts, including his involvement in both World Wars and the movies. The exhibit also includes, Hemingway's writing, pictures of Hemingway, and Hemingway and the Arts.
"Hills Like White Elephants"
"Hills Like White Elephants" (transition, August 1927) is possibly Hemingway's finest "perplex story," its clarification pivots on an unmentionable word.
The story is about a man and a woman having drinks at a train station in Spain, discussing an unmentionable procedure.
The woman is called "Jig" in the story.
Jig is one of Hemingway's utmost interesting women characters.
Hemingway's rebuff use of the term "abortion" openly gives this adventure of sensual politics the discreet authority of the finest imagist poetry.
Gerogiannis, Nicholas. Auburn Univ. of Montgomery. Dictionary of Literary Biography,
Vol. 4: American Writers in Paris, 1920-1939. A Bruccoli Clark Layman Book. Ed. Karen
Lane Rood. Gale Research, 1980. pp 187-211. Web. 25 June 2014.
Donaldson, Scott. American Writers. Retrospective Supp., 1998. 169-191. Web. 25 June 2014.
Unrue, C. John. Dictionary of Literary Biography, Vol. 330: Nobel Prize Laureates
Literature, Part 2: Faulkner - Kipling. A Bruccoli Clark Layman Book. Gale, 2007. pp.
309-325. Web. 25 June 2014.
Young, Philip. American Writers. 1974. Vol. 2: 247-270. Web. 25 June 2014.
Bronze Star, 1947, for his war service during 1944.
Pulitzer Prize, 1953, for "The Old Man and the Sea."
Hemingway marries Pauline Pfeiffer
In 1927, Hemingway divorces Hadley and marries Pauline.
In 1928, Hemingway and Pauline move to Key West, Florida
They have a son together that same year, Patrick.
December 6 1928, Hemingway's was notified that his father committed suicide, due to depression.
After his father's funeral, Hemingway finished his story, "A Farewell To Arms."