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Struggle for Canada Timeline

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Lauren S

on 14 February 2013

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Transcript of Struggle for Canada Timeline

Struggle for Canada Timeline War in the West (1754-55)

In 1754, George Washington marched into the Ohio River Valley with British soldiers, going in to fight the French (because they wanted to drive them out of North America). They lost the battle, put then tried again the year after, and were defeated once again. Treaty of Paris (February, 1763)

France and Britain had been at war for 3 years, and they decided to end the conflict. So, in February of 1763, they signed a peace treaty, the Treaty of Paris. It ended all conflict between France and Britain, and in the treaty it said that Britain got to keep all the land that the French owned in North America, and France got to keep Guadeloupe (a small, sugar-bearing island). Quebec Act (1774)

When the British's plan to assimilate the Canadiens failed (because they had too strong an identity), so in 1774, the British passed a law that had recognized the French's language and traditional rights, so they let the French keep their identity (accommodated the Canadiens). This was the Quebec Act. The Great Upheaval (1755)

In 1755,After Acadia was under control of the British. Britain renamed Acadia, Nova Scotia. Most of Nova Scotia was populated by Acadians. Britain was worried that Acadians would side with the French and fight them. So Britain asked them to pledge their loyalty several times, but instead they pledged "neutrality". Acadians did not what to swear the oath of allegiance to the British. Charles Lawrence, the governor of Nova Scotia issued an ultimatum to Acadians;to either swear loyalty to the British or lose their land. The Acadians still refused. British caught a group of armed Acadians defending Ft. Beausejour-the governor decided to deport the Acadians. Acadians were separated from their families, British soldiers burned their homes, farms, and churches. They were sent to the 13 colonies, France, England, and the Caribbean, others made their way to New Orleans, and Louisiana(Part of new France). Many Acadians did not survive the deportation. Capturing Louisbourg (1758)

In 1758, capturing Louisbourg would give Britain control of the St. Lawrence River and an open path to Quebec. So in the spring of 1758 they attacked Louisbourg. British soldiers cut off Louisbourg from land side and laid siege to the city(blocked of the city).People inside the fortress were cut off from supplies and reinforcements, food began to run low. The British sank their ships and launched cannonballs into the fort. After 7 weeks of bombardment the French at Louisbourg surrendered. British gained control of Louisbourg. Royal Proclamation(1763)

The British first decided to assimilate the Canadiens. That would mean Canadiens would lose their language and culture. The royal proclamation laid out British government's plans for the colony. The proclamation brought in British institutions in laws and prevented settlement west of the Appalachian mountains-forced american colonists who wanted land to move to Quebec. New France became know as "Province of Quebec". Lands were set aside for First Nations peoples. Later British laws,and courts replaced the French systems. Civil government replaced military government. Catholic church was no longer allowed to tithe (tax)or sit on council of advisors or hold Senior jobs in the government. USA president George Washington The Battle on the Plains of Abraham (1759)

In 1759, the British were trying to drive France out of North America, so British general, Wolfe, decided to plan a sneak attack on the colony of Quebec. They climbed the cliff at night, and the French were surprised in the morning to find thousands of British soldiers ready for battle. So Montcalm led 4000 troops to go to battle the British. This battle took place on the Plains of Abraham, and lasted 15 minutes. Wolfe and Montcalm both died and the British won the war. The French later surrendered Quebec to the British. Pontiac's War (May, 1763)

Pontiac-Leader of Odawa. Convinced first nations to join together to force the British out of the Ohio river valley. Pontiac and the Odawa laid siege (attacked) to British fort:Detroit. Around the same time Pontiac's allies captured forts along the south and west of lake Erie. Pontiac hoped the French would help them since they were allies and had helped them fight the British in their war but the French had surrendered at Montreal. Britain now controlled most of North America. The Great Upheaval The battle for the capture of Louisbourg Pontiac's war The signing of the Treaty of Paris The battle on the Plains of Abraham The Royal Proclamation The Quebec Act
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