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Choosing the President
Transcript of Choosing the President
Minor ("splinter" or "third") parties
moderate to liberal
stronger on coasts, cities and suburbs, Northeast
fairly to very conservative
rural areas, the South, small towns, Mountain states
government management of the economy
a public social safety net
affirmative action for minorities
less involvement of the federal government in state affairs
minimal regulation of business
private solutions to poverty and social problems
H. Ross Perot
RIght to Life Party
Even when elected as Democrats or Republicans, Representatives and Senators are
bound to a party program
need to be a member of a political party to run in any election at any level of government.
Voters may vote
Representatives and Senators serve the interests of the
people and areas they represent
) even if this goes against national party policy.
So Democrats in Congress might vote for Republican-sponsored legislation.
Citizens choose who will lead the government: local up to federal levels.
Citizens elect the governor of their state.
Citizens of each state elect their US senators and representatives.
A bit of review:
The senators and representatives make the country’s laws in Congress.
The leader, or chief executive, of the Unites States is the President.
makes sure the country’s laws are enforced,
Commander in Chief
of the whole military.
Electing the President
basic rules in the Constitution
a citizen of the United States.
at least 35
Must have lived in the US for
Since 1951: Can be president for a
of two four-year periods (
Election year: years divisible by 4.
Oldest president: Ronald Reagan (second term in 1984 - 73).
You are allowed to vote when:
50 different registration laws.
‘Voter turnout’ in presidential elections: about
of the population.
(first Tuesday after the first Monday in November)
January - June
primaries and caucuses
announcement of candidacy
The Presidential campaign
members of the political parties
delegates vote on who should be the party's Presidential candidate
Delegates choose party's candidate
More votes in primaries/caucuses means more delegates
The "race" is on!
Party/PACs mostly fund the campaign
Candidate announces "running mate" who joins him "on the ticket"
visit states they can win
avoid those they will lose
pour money into toss-up states
Clinton/Kaine vs. Trump/Pence
Toss-up states = Battleground states
Opposite: safe states
citizens "cast ballots" at polling places
Fixed number of electors per state
Number of senators (2) + number of US representatives (varies per state)
Winner takes all!
MAJORITY of the popular vote means ALL of that state's electors
Example: New Hampshire
1. Obama wins 51% of the popular votes
2. Electors from Obama's list become the state's electors.
3. They vote for Obama.
Winner takes all!
Must win 270+ votes (out of 538)
Winner is officially declared 6 weeks after election (but already known)
Originally meant as a buffer between voters and selection of a President
Example: Wyoming vs. California
WYOMING: 210,000 votes
3 electoral votes
each elector represents 70,000 votes
CALIFORNIA: 9,700,000 votes
55 electoral votes
each elector represents 179,000 votes
Votes in small states count more than those in medium or large states!
oath of office
: former Governor of Florida and GW Bush's brother: https://jeb2016.com/?lang=en
: retired neurosurgeon: https://www.bencarson.com/
: Governor of New Jersey: https://www.chrischristie.com/
: US Senator (Texas): https://www.tedcruz.org/
: former HP executive: https://carlyforpresident.com/
: former Governor of Virginia: http://www.gilmoreforamerica.com/
: US Senator (South Carolina): http://www.lindseygraham.com/
: former Governor of Arkansas: http://www.mikehuckabee.com/
: Governor of Louisiana: https://www.bobbyjindal.com/
: Governor of Ohio: https://johnkasich.com/
: former Governor of NY: http://www.georgepataki.com/
: US Senator: https://www.randpaul.com/
: former Governor of Texas: https://rickperry.org/
: US Senator: https://marcorubio.com
: former US Senator from Pennsylvania: http://www.ricksantorum.com/
: real estate mogul: https://www.donaldjtrump.com/
: Governor of Wisconsin: https://www.scottwalker.com/
: former Governor of Rhode Island: http://www.chafee2016.com/
: former Secretary of State: https://www.hillaryclinton.com/
: former Governor of Maryland: https://martinomalley.com/
: US Senator (Vermont): https://berniesanders.com/
: former US Senator: https://www.webb2016.com/
List of Candidates in the 2016 elections:
first election: 1789
one candidate: George Washington
Usually well-known political figures (governors, members of Congress).
First black president: Barack Obama
Franklin Delano Roosevelt was elected four times (1932, 1936, 1940, 1944).
Youngest president (and 1st Catholic): John F. Kennedy (1960 - 43).
to give extra power to small states
(Americans as believers in democracy)