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Choosing the President

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by

Rachel Heller

on 18 September 2016

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Transcript of Choosing the President

Electing the President
Political Parties
Democrats
Republicans
Minor ("splinter" or "third") parties
moderate to liberal
stronger on coasts, cities and suburbs, Northeast
fairly to very conservative
rural areas, the South, small towns, Mountain states
Democrats support:
government management of the economy
a public social safety net
unions
civil rights
affirmative action for minorities
gun control
abortion rights
generally
Republicans support:
small government
less involvement of the federal government in state affairs
big business
minimal regulation of business
low taxes
private solutions to poverty and social problems
Libertarian Party
Green Party
H. Ross Perot
Socialist Party
Prohibition Party
Women's Party
RIght to Life Party
Even when elected as Democrats or Republicans, Representatives and Senators are
not
bound to a party program

(=
platform
).
One does
not
need to be a member of a political party to run in any election at any level of government.
Voters may vote
A
straight ticket
A
split ticket
Constituencies
Representatives and Senators serve the interests of the
people and areas they represent
(their
constituency
) even if this goes against national party policy.

So Democrats in Congress might vote for Republican-sponsored legislation.
Democracy
Citizens choose who will lead the government: local up to federal levels.
Citizens elect the governor of their state.
Citizens of each state elect their US senators and representatives.
A bit of review:
The senators and representatives make the country’s laws in Congress.
The leader, or chief executive, of the Unites States is the President.
THE PRESIDENT
leads
the country,
makes sure the country’s laws are enforced,
is
Commander in Chief
of the whole military.
History
Electing the President
basic rules in the Constitution
Constitutional requirements
Must be
born
a citizen of the United States.
Must be
at least 35
years old.
Must have lived in the US for
14 years
.
Since 1951: Can be president for a
maximum
of two four-year periods (
terms
).

Election year: years divisible by 4.
Oldest president: Ronald Reagan (second term in 1984 - 73).
You are allowed to vote when:
you are
over 18
you have
registered
.
50 different registration laws.
‘Voter turnout’ in presidential elections: about
half
of the population.
Voting
Election Day
(first Tuesday after the first Monday in November)
T-2 years
T-18 months
January - June
primaries and caucuses
fundraising starts
announcement of candidacy
The Presidential campaign
Primaries
Caucuses
all voters
members of the political parties
Conventions
Party Conventions
delegates vote on who should be the party's Presidential candidate
T-3 months
Delegates choose party's candidate
More votes in primaries/caucuses means more delegates
Platform
adopted
The "race" is on!
Party/PACs mostly fund the campaign
Candidate announces "running mate" who joins him "on the ticket"
Candidates
visit states they can win
avoid those they will lose
pour money into toss-up states
2016:
Clinton/Kaine vs. Trump/Pence
Toss-up states = Battleground states
Opposite: safe states
Debates
Election rallies
Stump speeches
TV ads
etc.
citizens "cast ballots" at polling places
"popular vote"
Electoral College
Electors
Electoral vote
Fixed number of electors per state
Number of senators (2) + number of US representatives (varies per state)
warning: especially

cheesy video!
Winner takes all!
MAJORITY of the popular vote means ALL of that state's electors
Example: New Hampshire
(4 electors)

1. Obama wins 51% of the popular votes
2. Electors from Obama's list become the state's electors.
3. They vote for Obama.
Electoral vote:
Winner takes all!

Must win 270+ votes (out of 538)
Winner is officially declared 6 weeks after election (but already known)
But why?
Originally meant as a buffer between voters and selection of a President
Example: Wyoming vs. California
WYOMING: 210,000 votes
3 electoral votes
each elector represents 70,000 votes

CALIFORNIA: 9,700,000 votes
55 electoral votes
each elector represents 179,000 votes

Votes in small states count more than those in medium or large states!
Inauguration Day
T+10 weeks
oath of office
generally
Republican Candidates
Jeb Bush
: former Governor of Florida and GW Bush's brother: https://jeb2016.com/?lang=en
Ben Carson
: retired neurosurgeon: https://www.bencarson.com/
Chris Christie
: Governor of New Jersey: https://www.chrischristie.com/
Ted Cruz
: US Senator (Texas): https://www.tedcruz.org/
Carly Fiorina
: former HP executive: https://carlyforpresident.com/
Jim Gilmore
: former Governor of Virginia: http://www.gilmoreforamerica.com/
Lindsey Graham
: US Senator (South Carolina): http://www.lindseygraham.com/
Mike Huckabee
: former Governor of Arkansas: http://www.mikehuckabee.com/
Bobby Jindal
: Governor of Louisiana: https://www.bobbyjindal.com/
John Kasich
: Governor of Ohio: https://johnkasich.com/
George Pataki
: former Governor of NY: http://www.georgepataki.com/
Rand Paul
: US Senator: https://www.randpaul.com/
Rick Perry
: former Governor of Texas: https://rickperry.org/
Marco Rubio
: US Senator: https://marcorubio.com
RIck Santorum
: former US Senator from Pennsylvania: http://www.ricksantorum.com/
Donald Trump
: real estate mogul: https://www.donaldjtrump.com/
Scott Walker
: Governor of Wisconsin: https://www.scottwalker.com/

Democratic Candidates
Lincoln Chafee
: former Governor of Rhode Island: http://www.chafee2016.com/
Hillary Clinton
: former Secretary of State: https://www.hillaryclinton.com/
Martin O'Malley
: former Governor of Maryland: https://martinomalley.com/
Bernie Sanders
: US Senator (Vermont): https://berniesanders.com/
Jim Webb
: former US Senator: https://www.webb2016.com/
(
Joe Biden
: Vice-President)
List of Candidates in the 2016 elections:
Presidential Quiz
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
1792: same
first election: 1789
one candidate: George Washington
Usually well-known political figures (governors, members of Congress).
First black president: Barack Obama
Franklin Delano Roosevelt was elected four times (1932, 1936, 1940, 1944).
Youngest president (and 1st Catholic): John F. Kennedy (1960 - 43).

to give extra power to small states
and ...
(Americans as believers in democracy)
Full transcript