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Transcript of Igbo People
man with animal
man with weapon
mother and child
stranger or outsider Many based on religion.
Folklore passed down through generations By: Nowrin Chowdhury, Hope Tran, & Leigh Vila Bibliography Couples usually include:
married man and woman Based on wealth, rather than occupation Status is distinguished between three groups: The Poor (obgenye or mbi) The Moderately Prosperous (dinkpa) Villages The Rich (nnukwu or orgaranya) Work & Market Relationships Dependent on Age and Gender
Men have more respect
Children were required to greet elders Politics Politically fragmented, resulting from geographic differences Generally, no central kingship. (Exceptions such as Aboh and Onistha) Men could rise in society through hard work and achievements "African People and Culture." The Africa Guide. The Africa Guide.
Web. 15 Jan 2013. <http://www.africaguide.com/culture/artcraft.htm>.
Agbogun, James. "Wrestling: Igbo Traditional Wrestling." Nigeria,
People and Culture. N.p., 17 Nov 2011. Web. 15 Jan 2013. <http://www.the-nigeria.com/2011/11/traditional-wrestling-igbo-traditional.html
"Couple of statues Ibo - Nigeria." AfricanArt.net. WEB Stratégie.
Web. 14 Jan 2013. <http://www.african-art.net/Tribal-art/statue-ibo/statues-d-un-couple/wLWOqw==>.
"Culture." IGBO Basics. Basic Express, n.d. Web. 15 Jan. 2013.
Froiland, Andrew. "African People and Culture." The Africa Guide.
The Africa Guide, n.d. Web. 15 Jan. 2013. <http://www.
"Igbo." Countries and Their Cultures. Advameg, Inc.. Web. 15 Jan
"Igbo Culture and Traditions Of Oraifite Ibo Land African
Nigeria." Oraifite. Oraifite, n.d. Web. 15 Jan. 2013.
"Igbo Political Systems." Igbo Webpage. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Jan. 2013.
Omenani, . "Igbo Art (Nka Igbo) - Culture - Nairaland." Nairaland.
Oluwaseun Osewa, 08 Mar 2011. Web. 14 Jan 2013. <http://www.nairaland.com/618915/igbo-art-nka-igbo>.
Slattery, Katharine. "Igbo Government and Social Structure." Igbo Government and Social Structure. Dr Leon Litvack, n.d. Web. 15 Jan. 2013.
"The History of Ezeagu Atilogwu." Anya Ezeagu. WordPress, 17
Nov 2011. Web. 14 Jan 2013. <http://www.anyaezeagu.org/?p=120>.
"Traditional Igbo music - drums and flutes." Igbo - culture,
traditions, history. Google, 12 Feb 2012. Web. 15 Jan 2013. <http://enyi-oha-one-of-naiji.blogspot.com/2012/02/traditional-igbo-music-drums-and-flutes.html>.
Widjaja, Michael. "Kola Nut." Igbo Guide. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Jan.
2013. <http://www.igboguide.org/HT-chapter8.htm>. Dancing Wrestling Music The headdress worn by these statues is called "Agbogho muo." Couples Side note: In art showing romantic relationships, little actual affection is shown. Animals were used in art to demonstrate the status of the depicted person(s). Animals The animals in this statue are mostly images of power.
Horses were especially common in showing affluence. Weapons Ibo men gained their significance through their prowess in battle. Battle required spiritual, emotional, and physical energy. Mother and Child The mother-child relationship is considered indicative of the earth goddess's relationship with the earth. African mothers are generally thought to have an especially strong desire for children. Masks Masks often were used in rituals and dances. Dancing
Storytelling http://tfa2.wikispaces.com/Ch.+6+Festivals Picture copied from Storytelling http://www.bing.com/images/search?q=the+igbo&qs=n&form=QBIR#view=detail&id=95342276DACD1DCE793E7AA6D392744644CD63D4&selectedIndex=8 Picture taken from The dance that is pictured is called the Ezeagu Atilogwu. It is made up of moves from about five other dances, usually from Anam, Ogwulogwu, Anaku, Ochanja and Adunjanja. The Ekwe drum
made of yellow or red hardwood
played with wooden stick or rubber-tipped short beater Udu drums
smaller and medium sized pots have a hole on the side to control pitch
made of clay
often played in Igbo churches The Oja flute
often used to mimic the spoken word
can be played along with the drums or on its own Wrestling competitions could be held between the men in a village or with those of neighboring towns.
It is often used to settle disputes as well as for sport.
Music is played as well to intensify and affect emotions. The Igbo's storytelling explains the mysteries of life and death, love and relationships, the origin of things, etc.
Their stories contain philosophical ideas, social and moral codes, and accepted actions.
Akuko-ala are stories about the earth
Akuko-ala-ala are stories about humans' confrontations with their surroundings and neighbors Responsibility was left to village councils Titled Men Ascending Titles--> Ascending Payments Rituals Symbol of Character and Success Form of social security Life was dominated by religious restrictions Importance of the Family Head Solved Family Disputes Able to communicate with the ancestors Held great respect and reverence Social Control Age-Grade Different groups through out a community Community Service Rivalries Social Control in order to keep a good name Secret Societies Members would dress up as supernatural beings and denounce offenders of the community Food & Drink All share the same
Practices are locally organized
Extended family vs. Larger kin Chukwu The Igbo believed in one powerful and almighty God
He created and watched over his universe
He had seldom interference
No sacrifices were made directly to him
Agbara was evil and opposed Chukwu Minor Deities Represent Human passions and weaknesses
Some are good, yet some are treacherous Examples Ala: Earth Goddess
Anyanwu: Sun God Spirits and Ancestors Spirits One must treat spirits well in order for your own goodwill
Examples include Mbataku and Agwo who are spirits of wealth Ancestors They watch over you
The Igbo pray for their well-being
Funerals were very important
Those who died in socially approved ways
Those who didn't and could not return Priests Chosen through hereditary lineage or chosen by a particular god
Often goes through mystical experiences Language: Igbo (Kwa subfamily of the Niger-Congo family) Family Clothing Pregnancy Rites of Passage Hospitality Kola Nut Holidays Iri Ji Masquerades Marriage Ulo Akrika Death Circumcision
Umbilical Cord Burial
Name Giving Ceremony Mother in law
Women National holidays
Local farming holidays Between August and October
Celebration and harvest Robes and masks
Dances Thatch house
Burial Widjaja, Michael. "Masquerades and Festivals." Igbo Guide. N.p.,
n.d. Web. 15 Jan. 2013. <http://www.igboguide.org/HT-
Typical meal Polygamous