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Italian Renaissance Architecture
Transcript of Italian Renaissance Architecture
(1377 - 1446)
Concepts of architectural order were explored and rules were formulated. The study of classical antiquity led in particular to the adoption of Classical detail and ornamentation.
He was one of the foremost architects and engineers of the Italian Early Renaissance. He is perhaps most famous for his discovery of perspective and for engineering the dome of the Florence Cathedral.
(1444 - 1514)
(1475 - 1564)
The High Renaissance was a period of harmony and balance in all the arts, concepts derived from classical antiquity were developed and used with greater surety. Also the period was a very brief one, centered almost exclusively in the city of Rome
He was the architect responsible for introducing the High Renaissance style in architecture. He also expanded the applicability of classical architecture to contemporary buildings.
one of the creative giants whose achievements mark the High Renaissance. He excelled in each of the fields of painting, sculpture and architecture and his achievements brought about significant changes in each area. His architectural excellence lies chiefly in two buildings: the interiors of the Laurentian Library and its lobby at the monastery of San Lorenzo in Florence, and St Peter's Basilica in Rome.
Mannerist artists architects took the classical or idealized forms developed by Early Italian Renaissance artists of the early 16th century, but exaggerated or used these forms in unconventional ways in order to heighten tension, power, emotion, or elegance.
Brunelleschi's Architectural Plan for the dome of The Basilica di Santa Maria del Fior in Florence, Italy and the dome structure in present time.
The Basilica di Santa Maria del Fior
Cappella dei Pazzi
The Chapel as seen form the outside
The dome of the porch
The Chapel from the inside
Modern Architectural plan of The Tempietto
The dome form the inside
Bramante's Rendering of The Tempietto (1500) and the structure as we see it today
Santa Maria presso San Satiro
The Church's Facade
The Church form the inside
Space was organized by proportional logic, its form and rhythm subject to geometry, rather than being created by intuition as in Medieval buildings.
Brunelleschi's Sculpture inside the Florence Cathedral. Positioned so that he is to appear to be looking at his dome.
Bramantes Plans for St. Peter's Basilica in Rome, Italy
Donato Bramante (engraving, 1472)
Leonardo da Vinci
The portal of the church house at the Colditz Castle, Saxony, designed by Andreas Walther II (1584)
Portrait of Michelangelo by Jacopino del Conte (after 1535) at the age of 60
The Lauretian Library
The Reading Room
Cross Section of the Lauretian Library
Temple of Vesta (205 C.E.)
a r k
a l a c a t
St. Peter's Basilica
St. Peter's Basilica
Giovanni Paolo Panini Piacenza 1691 - 1765, Rome. Interior of St. Peter's, Rome, 1756-1757. Oil on canvas, 64 5/8 x 92 ¾ in