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Child Development

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by

Chris Howley

on 6 May 2010

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Transcript of Child Development

Child Development Cognitive Development Learn how to think Assimilation: new information placed into categories that already exist Accommodation:Alter existing ideas to fit new information and create new categories Stages of Cognitive Development Jean Piaget “Only education is capable of saving our societies from possible collapse…” 1. SENSORIMOTOR STAGE (0-2 years) a.Coordinate purposeful movement with the senses b.Object Permanence: Understanding that objects continue to exist when they are out of sight Object Permanance 2. Preoperational (2-7Years) a.Think symbolically and use language b.Thinking is still intuitive: use little reason or logic c.Egocentric: Unable to take the viewpoint of others 3. Concrete (7-11 Years) a. Consvervation: Mass, weight, and volume unchanged even when shape of object changes (bottle of water) b. Concepts of time, space, and number; they begin to think logically c. Reversibility: Conservation 4. Formal Operational (11+Years) a.Thinking based on abstract principles like honor and democracy b.Think of hypothetical possibilities Motor Development Doesn’t just emerge but needs to be developed. MATURATION: Physical growth and development of the body, brain, and nervous system a. The order of maturation is universal. b. The rate of maturation varies. READINESS: When maturation has advanced enough to allow the rapid acquisition of a particular skill Emotional Development anger, fear, and joy They are unlearned and take time to develop Joy is the only emotion new born infants clearly express. All basic emotions are developed before the age of 2. Basic emotions: Social Development Self-awareness, attachment to parents, relationships with other children Contact Comfort: Reassuring feeling infants get from touching something soft/warm HARRY HARLOW (Not John Harlow) Emotional Attachments: Close emotional bonds infants form with parents Seperation Anxiety Crying or fear when left alone with a stranger Attachment Quality Mary Ainsworth: a. Securely Attached: b. Insecure Avoidant: c. Insecure Ambivalent: Stable and positive emotional bond where
child is upset by mother's absence but
still functions Anxious emotional bond where the child
turns away from the mother Anxious emotional bond where the child seeks
to be near the mother and angrily resists
contact with the mother Language Development One Month 6-8 Weeks: Cooing 7 Months: Babble One Year Two Years: Single-Word Stage After two years, comprehension
and vocab grow at a rapid rate Use crying to gain attention.
Typically, parents can tell what the child needs
by the tone of the crying. Repetition of vowel sounds (oohs, aahs) Combine b,d,m,g with vowel sounds (dada) Small words (hi or no) and begin to connect between
objects and words (Mama) One word at a time (go, juice)
Telegraph Speech: Want Juice Relationship involving equality and be reversed
Full transcript