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The Sui & Tang Dynasty
Transcript of The Sui & Tang Dynasty
øRuled China from 618 to 907 AD
ø Laizong was the founder of
this dynasty The Tang Rulers Daily Life ø Most people lived on silk farms, and made silk to trade on the Silk Road.
ø Others were mostly farmers for the Emperor
ø In the north they farmed barley, wheat, and hemp. But the South was perfect for growing rice
ø Near the big cities people grew trees, for bamboo, furniture and firewood. Citations ø Taizong was one of China's most admired emperors, because he relied on talented ministers to help him govern.
ø After Taizong died his wife, Wu Zhao gained rule. She ruled through her sons.
ø But for full power, she became Empress, the only women to hold the title in Chinese history ø Empress Wu Zhao ˆ Map of the Tang Dynasty ˆ The Tang Government ø Had a traditional central bureaucracy that was created in the Han Dynasty
ø To keep the talented officials, the government exoanded the civil service examination system
ø This system mad it so people had to pass written exams for the ability of working for the government. The sui Dynasty In 589 a northern ruler named Wendi reunified China.
Wendi founded the Sui dynasty and became its first emperor
Wendi worked to re-build a centralized government Wendi restored order, created a new legal code, reformed bureaucracy.
After completing the Grand Canal, Northern and Southern China became linked.
As a result, northern China could more easily access resources of the south, such as the rice prouduced in the lower Chiang Jian valley. The main capital Chang'an> Buddhism ø Came to China from India, during Han times.
ø Taught people that to escape suffering you had to achieve peace, which appealed to most people during this era. Buddhism ø Many Tang rulers were Buddhists, so it was a very well established religion.
ø Buddhism's importance made 400 to 845 AD known as the Age of Buddhism
ø Let on after the mid-800s a Tang emperor campaigned against Buddhism, and changed beliefs to Confucianism or Daoism. He burned Buddhist temples and texts. <Buddhist statues
Wendi ruled the Sui Dynasty from 541-604AD
Wendi's son, Yang Di, ruled after Wendi
Wu Zhao was an important ruler for the people of the Sui Dynasty
Zhao ruled from 625-705AD A new political system was established after the reunification
This new system included three departments and six ministries
Royal power was enhanced and the work division in the court became detailed
Along with this the Imperial Examination System was created
This influenced studying, and the profound selection of talent in Chinese history. Tang Decline ø Began to decline during the 750s AD
ø Lost a lot of land in Central Asia and the north due to military defeats
ø The government grew weaker and weaker The Tang Decline The Decline of the Sui Dynasty started from the second monarch, Emperor Yang Di.
He had a bad reputation with the people of the Sui Dynasty
He lacked respect for his parents, committed patricide (the killing of one's father) and usurped the throne.
Yang Di waged war against Gaoli (Korea)
Burdensome military service and heavy labor forced peasants to leave their farmland.
Famine became common during this time, and left the whole countryside in misery.
In 611, peasants from Mt. Changbaishan in Shandong began a rebellion.
Among them, the main military force was called the Wagang Army, which was led by Zhai Rang, and Li Mi.
As a result of all of this, the Sui Dynasty became very unstable. In 618 AD, Emperor Yang Di was strangled by one of his subordinates.
This caused the entire empire to collpase Buddhism-
Buddhism was the main culture for the people of the Sui dynasty
Buddhism encompasses a variety of traditions, beliefs, and practices that the people must follow strictly.
These practices and beliefs are largely based on Siddhartha Gotama, who is commonly known as the Buddha.
Buddhism started being taught around 2,500 years ago. http://www.chinaknowledge.de/Literature/Religion/Buddhism.html http://www.travelchinaguide.com/intro/history/sui/ The Grand Canal is the worlds largest
The Canal was completed by emperor
Yang Di forced peasants and people of the Sui Dynasty to work on this and furiously construct it.
The construction lasted from 605-610AD
The canal is 1,795 Km(1,114 miles) with 24 locks and 60 bridges. http://www.chinapage.com/canal.html Temple Hair Styles of the women in the Sui Dynasty From the Northern and Southern dynasties to the Sui and Tang dynasties, hairstyles kept changing.
Temple hair was a haristyle that started in the Western Han dynasty.
This type of hairstyle was based after the Goddess Nvwa, who also had this parting temple hair style.
This haristyle consists of a central parting together with hair on both temples, piled up on the head in four strands. http://traditions.cultural-china.com/en/15T2241t5956.html Clothing worn during the Sui dynasty During the Sui Dynasty jackets, coats, robes, waist cloths, long and short trousers, jackets, socks, shoes, and boots.
Styles of ethnic minorities were adopted and worn also. Women often wore dresses that were very long and silky
They called them costumes because they were fancy and worn on special occasions.
The structure was natural, elegant, and graceful.
This dress was influenced by cultures and arts of the Western Regions.
Women thought this to be a a special, yet open, romantic style of dress and personal adornments were formed. http://prezi.com/9ypkguc7jiiky/edit/#0_1951909 Tang Acheivements ø The dynasty thrived through art, social cultures, and foreign relations.
ø Discovered herbs for medicine, and complex chemicals for gunpowder. ø Taxes rose due to Nomadic invasions and peasant rebellions
ø Dramatically a powerful general killed the emperor in 907, which led to the end of the Tang dynasty The Tang Dynasty ..
ø This was a time of prosperity and cultural achievement
ø Their type of government was a model with other institutions that inspired governments across East Asia
ø Overall, was a powerful dynasty in the history of China Silk worms> Nomadic Invaders^