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Sec 22.1 The Scientific Revolution

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Sherifa Amin

on 2 March 2015

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Transcript of Sec 22.1 The Scientific Revolution

The period 1300-1600 was a time for great change:
The Renaissance questioning ideas that had been accepted for years
The Reformation people challenged accepted ways of thinking about God
Scientific Revolution changed how people viewed the physical world
The Scientific Revolution
The Roots of Modern Science
Before 1500, people believed what an ancient Greek/Roman wrote, or the Bible.
For example: the geocentric theory (earth is the center of the universe)
Greek philosopher Aristotle wrote this
Bible also said that this
Recap:
The Heliocentric Theory
Nicolaus Copernicus
Polish astronomer that theorized that the stars, the earth and planets revolved around the sun
He thought his theory would be rejected because it contradict religious views
Galileo
Observations:
Jupiter had four moons
Sun had dark spots
Aristotle had been wrong when he said the moon had pure, smooth surfaces
His observations supported the theories of Copernicus
His ideas went against the teachings of the Church
If the people thought the Church could be wrong about this, they would question everything the Church says
He was forced to withdraw his statements
Homework
Due Wednesday
1. Why might people living in the 1500s have difficulty accepting new ideas or ways of thinking?
2. What were the events that caused the Scientific Revolution?
3. Before the 1500s, who was the final authority with regard to most knowledge?
4. How did the heliocentric theory differ from the geocentric theory?
The Scientific Revolution Spreads
Careful observation & the application of the scientific method led to improvements in:
Newton
The force of gravity affects all physical objects
Also applies to planets and stars
Law of Universal Gravitation: any two objects in the universe will attract each other with a force (depends on mass and distance)
Newton wrote that the world is like a clock:
all of its parts work together
God was the creator of the universe, the clockmaker
Section 22.1
The Scientific Revolution
People began challenging the ideas of ancient thinkers & the Church
This launched the Scientific Revolution
It replaced old assumptions with new theories
It was a new way of thinking about the natural world
Based on: careful observation & a willingness to question accepted beliefs
(sun-centered)
Last two paragraphs on page 624 are not included
"The Scientific Method" pages 625-626 is not included
Scientific Instruments
Microscopes that can see bacteria
The Celsius & Fahrenheit thermometers
Medicine
More knowledge on the human body & its organs
The world's first vaccination
Chemistry
Boyle's Law: everything is composed of atoms
Full transcript