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Transcript of Globalization
-Example of Cultural Hybrid
-Language: Chicano Spanish - "sprang out of the Chicano’s need to identify ourselves as a distinct people."
-Food: Tex-Mex, blend of American BBQ and Mexican traditional dishes
-Music: blend of rap & polka
Multi-directional flow of culture...
More Than McDonalds: The Other sides of Globalization
SISG-761: Collaborative Analysis of an Issue Presentation:
Valeriya Lockwood, Emily Ham, Samantha Novick, & Jeremiah Castillo
- Spread of Western / American products, ideas, and culture within the process of globalization
Some argue globalization = westernization...
- “the product of two interacting, and often competing, cultural influences – globalization and localization.”
Simple: Fast food
Complex: Product specifications, business practices
Both the “particularization of the universe” and the “universalization of the particular”...
Culutral Hybridity and Glocalization are two very different ways cultures can blend and adapt to each other.
Westernization, while more visible, is not the only form of Globalization
Flow of Cultural exchange is bi-directional
The effects of globalization on culture and societies can be both positive and negative. Sometimes, these effects can be difficult to manage.
In 1956, Shell drilled the first oil in Nigeria
South Korea goes global
technological expansion (global corporations, "mobile world")
Westernization through... cosmetic surgeries
Proud to be Korean
homogeneous population with low migration rate
keeping old traditions (caste-system, values, linguistics)
Traditional livelihoods such
as farming and fishing have
been impacted by the negative
environmental effects of the oil
industry. Also, competition for
oil wealth has driven crime
"Globalization is the closer integration of the countries and peoples of the world ...brought about by the enormous reduction of costs of transportation and communication, and the breaking down of artificial barriers to the flows of goods, services, capital, knowledge, and people across borders.' -- Nobel Prize Winner Joseph Stiglitz
- Concept popularized in the colonial era when dominant "met" secondary culture
- Now, term represents a purposeful blend to be distinct
1.2 Billion People - Largest Democracy
Call Center Capital / Telecommunications
650,000 Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) Jobs in Bangalore Alone
Average Job pays $5k rupees / BPO pays $15K
1000 yrs cultural tradition uprooted
Loss of accent - better job for BPOs
Growing Gap > 42% of population make less than $1.25 per day
The Cold War has ended and Globalization
has taken its place........
Free Flow of information through the internet
Easier access to others through telecommunications
Easier & faster ways to travel across the globe
Economical interdependence between nations -- cotton from Lubbock TX goes to China to be woven into shirts then sold in the US; once old -- shirts sold for discount in Africa