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European Impact on Latin America

European Impact on Latin American Religion, Civilization/Cities, Language, Disease, Location, and Location

Mitchell Germick

on 6 February 2012

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Transcript of European Impact on Latin America

European Impact on Latin America Language The Indigenous tribe language is not used today, why do you think? When the Europeans came to Latin America they forced away the indigenous language of people that lived in Latin America. The Latin Americans were forced to learn the Spanish language. They were not allowed to speak their Latin American language anym0re, they had to speak Spanish. Religion When the Portuguese and the Spanish conquered Latin America in the 16th Century they made the natural inhabitants change over to Roman Catholicism. They prohibited the practice of their native religions. This caused religious revolts by the Latin American people called messianic movements. Some people were unable to revolt because of their lower class status and they would hide their religion which allowed their religion to still be practiced today. Disease When Europeans came to Latin America they brought many crops and ideas, but they also brought many deadly diseases to the previously isolated communities that the Latin Americans had no immunity. Some of the diseases brought by the Europeans were Smallpox, Influenza, or commonly known as the flu today, Typhus, Measles, Malaria, Diphtheria, and Whooping Cough. The influx of the diseases combined, caused more human loss among the natural inhabitants then that of the Black Death plague of the 14th century in Europe. Not just diseases were brought over through the Columbian Exchange. One of the biggest items brought over was metal supplies. Some staple crops were brought by the Columbian exchange, for example Sweet Potatoes, Potatoes, Pumpkins, Corn and, Tobacco. One livestock animal was gained from the New World to the Old World, the Turkey. Many other crops and livestock were brought to the New World also. Livestock brought to the New World include, cattle, sheep, pigs, and horses. Various fruits and crops transported to the New World, some crops are turnips, onions and some fruits were bananas, olives, peaches, pears, grapes, coffee beans and sugar cane. sugar cane and coffee beans availability increased very much, in the New World. The soil of the New World was very much well-suited for sugar cane and coffee beans.
Columbian Exchange Tobacco was actually used as Currency (System of money) in some Countries. Did You Know? Location When the Europeans came to Latin America they started exporting the raw goods back to Europe. They developed a transportation system that only supported the idea of exporting these goods out of the country. They did nothing about the raw goods brought from one place to another inside the continent. This left a continent that had no internal railroads, but rather a transportation system that relied only on export instead of working towards self-reliance for the Latin American people. When Europeans came to Latin America they found many different types of civilizations. There were a few nomadic type tribes. They found some regions that formed spectacular cities. One example is the Aztecs. The Aztecs had a social structure that was well organized at the top they had the Noble Gentlemen and the Priests followed by the warriors and merchants. Below them were the farmers and then the slaves. The Mayans did not have a single ruler over them instead, but each city was governed by itself and had its own leader. They were known for their arithmetic, astrology, hieroglyphics, and their calendar which ends this year. The Incas did not keep written records, but because of their architecture we know that they had a complex writing system and a highly organized civilization with social structures, economic and political systems. Civilizations/Cities
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