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Stakeholder Map

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Nicolas Marlton

on 16 October 2015

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Transcript of Stakeholder Map

Read about the people being moved from different parts of the city
People are afraid this might happen to them.
East Liberty is highly contentious and often has a negative stereotype associated with how development happened.
Stakeholder Map: Urban Affairs Week
In Pittsburgh

Displaces vulnerable people
Destroys the social fabric of a community
Powerful developers take advantage of residents
"The worst thing that could happen to us would be to become East Liberty"

Displacement is a myth
Residents benefit from lower crime-rates, better funded schools, more grocery stores and other assets
Changes in housing markets are a reality that should be accepted not resisted

Uses research as evidence
Describes technical solutions to systemic problems

Uses stories of individuals as evidence
Speaks about personal experiences and perceptions

Frame of Mind

The voice of communities lie within their abilities to organzie, inform, and empower their citizenry.
"A developer is going to develop, it is just a matter of if are smart enough to work with the developer and leverage them to fulfill the communities needs."
"Even 20 percent is progress."
My views of gentrification were very much informed by my experiences in New York City and Portland, Oregon. Both had experienced rapid gentrification to the point that it was increasingly difficult for non-wealthy residents to live comfortably and hope to have savings.
Annie - gentrification,
urban development, or
population growth are
necessary and
unstoppable forces.

It must be approached
prospectively and carefully
to ensure that the most
people benefit.
From a community with a major history of redlining, but less with a current history of gent. b/c of total economic collapse > no one is moving anywhere > no influx of capital/investment anywhere // poorest city in US
Vague understanding of gent. as a social evil from reading about neighborhoods in other places > no ancedotal evidence, only very high-level policy understanding

Reinvesment is an opportunity anyway, if a community (neighborhood and city level) has been proactive with policies to ensure that low/moderate income housing will be included as a part of the continued fabric. But no space - no kinship network - is unchanging.

Change is a constant and must be managed not resisted
Homeowner stabilization efforts are insufficient to mitigate blight at scale
Vouchers and projects are too inflexible to meet the changing need for housing over time
Tax credits are a powerful tool to guide the course of development in a community but without a buyer on the other end, developers will not be incentivized effectively
Wealth building and community development require the adoption of strange bed-fellows in order to effectively leverage forces in the real estate market
The conventional narrative about gentrification is an oversimplification of a complicated system
Indirect displacement occurs at a much lower rate than the narrative suggests -- Jacob Vigdor
Direct displacement is not an essential element of private development of blighted urban neighborhoods
Many residents in neighborhoods undergoing significant change benefit from the additional choices in resources and rising property values -- Lance Freeman


I originally primarily looked to personal stories to tell the story whether or not gentrification was a bad thing, and those stories that were most often discussed were those from the displaced.
Aly Shaw

I now see gentrification as presenting a potential good for the community, so long as the community is given the tools to determine its future vision for the new influx of wealth. However, more often than not, it is my understanding that communities are not engaged to the extent that they should be, and are not empowered as a result. If people are committed to helping communities realize their goal, then gentrification can act positively for residents.
"Pittsburgh does not have a housing policy"

Displacement in East Liberty:
- At least 400 residents
- 764 subsized units

"Gentrification works for those who organize it."

Alex S. Sandoval


- At least 14 locally owned businesses
- 1.6% of East Liberty jobs are held by East Liberty residents
Full transcript