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The Australian Aborigines: A Brief History

Travelling throughout Australia in small family groups, the Australian Aborigines hunted throughout the Australian continent and lived. By studying their cultural artifacts, it's been discovered that these people were very cultural.
by

Loren Strong

on 12 May 2011

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Transcript of The Australian Aborigines: A Brief History

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http://jessicaacuna.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/didgeridoos.jpg The Australian Aborigines: a Brief History The roots of these people, however, trace back to an entirely different continent. The Aboriginal people migrated from a region in Asia approximately 40,000 years ago when the land bridge that joined Asia and Australia remained. Introduction The word ‘aborigine’ itself describes a person who originates from any country; likewise, the Australian Aborigines were – of course – indigenous to the Australian continent. The Aborigines of earlier times traveled throughout Australia in small family groups; hunting along the dry, flat Australian landscape in search for food and water. Culture and Arts The Aborigines had - and still have - a vivid culture.

For thousand of years, rock painting, sculpturing and music have been a massive parts of Aboriginal culture. Having lacked a writing system at one point in time, occurences were recorded in stone paintings and their art. Religion As said before, this strong religious belief is often reflected in Aboriginal art. Depending on the tribes/groups, however, these god-like beings varied. Whereas a tribe believed in its own deities in one region, one near may have worshipped an entirely different set. Ideas did, however, overlap.

No single deity was exactly alike another; every being had its own role. A distinctive art style, and religion tied these people together. type of music, As historians have deciphered these and other art sculptures made by the ancient Australian Aborigines, the history of the Australian Aborigines has been better understood. In the Aboriginal belief, it is commonly believed that powerful beings arose from the land; so mighty and great were they that these spirits gave birth to or created all living things. By Loren Strong Though this cultural group consisted of over 500 tribes and countless languages, the Aboriginal people shared a number of similarities and deep links. Today, modern Aborigines still create art with this same ancient, unique style. As time has gone by, though, certain techniques have modernized. As in most religions, it was believed that there was a creation period. This time is commonly referred to as the , the time in which these beings created all living things and the Earth. Dreamtime Similarly to the modern Aborigines, a number of rituals, initiations, and religious cermonies marked special events.

Stories and tales were often done orally. Bodily decorations and dances were often preformed based on what kind of cermonies these were. Because beliefs and customs differed from region to region, however, what these paintings show may differ as well. Older rock engravings in the Northern Territory, for example, depict images of people adorned in cermonial clothing and dance gatherings. Music Among these is the famous didgeridoo, a slender, tubular instrument made from carved bamboo. When blown through, a low, humming noise is produced. Having only the resources of their surroundings, the Aborigines created instruments, several of which are reconizable today. Music was a major part of religious gatherings; the instruments used, however, varied on the purposes of these events. The didgeridoo itself was - and still is - often used for formal events such as funerals. This presentation has not even broken through the surface.

The Aborigines - ancient and modern alike - are a cultural group with a rich, complex history. Weaponry This slender instrument varied in size, the larger ones able to fall large animals.

Those smaller in size had a number of uses and were able to kill small animals. Others were used as clubs or - to an extent - instruments. Approximately 3,000 years ago, the Aborigines developed stone tools and forms of weaponry, including the popular boomerang. Contrary to common belief, not all boomerangs returned to their users after being thrown. Some (particular hunting boomerangs) were simply too heavy. Today, these weapons are widely known as play-things or used for sport. On the Australian continent, however, the use of boomerangs is not uncommon, but not always for hunting purposes. Nowadays, not all traditional Aboriginal faiths are practiced. The group went through times of turmoil, associating with other foriegn people and disease. Resources Hudson 4th core Despite the time that has gone by and the alterations of tradition, their rich culture is actively kept alive. According to recent statistics, the about 2 percent of Australia's population is identified to be Aboriginal. Rock carvings may tell stories of mighty beings or cultural dances. Others may show people adorned in decoration in striking poses. Ancient Aboriginal art is often reconized for its intricate patterns and style. These instruments are often decorated uniquely with a bright assortment of colors.
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