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Lord of the flies

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by

Carmen María Rueda Lara

on 28 September 2016

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Transcript of Lord of the flies

Rousseau's Theory of the state of nature
Introduction
Valorative dimension: Validity, efficacy and justice
Lord of the flies
The problem of evil

Which aspects of law can we observe on the film?
Dimensions of law:
1. The normative and factual dimension
2. Valorative dimesion: Validity, Eficacy and Justice
Democratic system vs. Authoritarian system
Contractarianism
Liberty and security
The problem of evil
Rules: Raison d'etrê
The factual & normative dimension: Democracy vs Totalitarianism
The origin of the systems
Power
Destruction
Democratic System
Elections
Rule of law
Rights
Uncommon punishment
Totalitarian system
Imposition
Strong charismatic leader
No rights
Common punishments
Kind of leadership
Ralph
Jack
Sense of duty
Matureness
Known leader
Distinction
Change of behaviour
Fear
Bases of Ralph's power
Logic
Integration
Supports
Simon
Piggy
Symbols: conch
Different techniques
Bases of Jack's power
Tool: fear
Symbols
Rituals
Religion
Paintings
Promises
Propaganda
Crisis
Ralph
Jack
Fun
Challenges
Internal war
Desire of community
Moral dilemmas
Common sense
Use of violence
Fear of himself
The factual & normative dimension: Contractarianism
Hobbesian state of nature
Attempt of rational system of morality
Condition of war
Sovereign
Hobbes' Strategy of anticipation
Completely opposed theory
The factual & normative dimension: Liberty and security
Jack promises to the boys:
Freedom (no work to do) and safety (protection from the beast)
They end up having none. Why??
Regarding Freedom: 1 they lose their individuality 2 they cannot contradict Jack
Regarding Safety: 1 vicious circle of terror 2 law of the strongest
Key message: true liberty and security can only be achieved through moral rules. This conflict is represented through Piggy (ethics) and Jack (desire for total power).
For Golding, evil is part of the human nature: both for children and adults
“I´m the Beast… You knew didn´t you? I´m part of you”; “Fancy thinking the Beast was something you could hunt and kill!”.
The banality of evil
The factual & normative dimension: Rules; Raison d'etrê
Scarcity
Capitalism
scarcity = engine to work
Value
Situation
Amount of available items
Francesco Carnelutti
Scarcity = Law
Rules similar to the school ones
Not a real legal system
Hart
Primary rules of obligation
Secondary rules
The rule of recognition
Individuals
Bureucrats
Pre- legal form of government
Kohlberg
First, moral decisions are made to avoid punishment to the “give and take” where a reciprocity relationship is necessary.
Lack of hope
Validity
: How do they choose the formal requirements and material requirements for a law to be valid?
Efficacy
: Do they ever put a new rule because there was a rule that was not efficient?
Justice
: What does each leader mean by ‘just’?
Formal justice (order, security and certainty): JACK
Material Justice (liberty, equality,solidarity) :RALPH
WHY?
Flaws in the legal system
Modern systems: laws X commends

Legal norms as "ought to be" and coercion

No secondary rules

Rules X principles

Hannah Arendt
Full transcript