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Isa Goldberg

on 16 January 2013

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Transcript of Happiness

X Marks the Spot
(The End Finally!) Material happiness
Lottery winners also return to normal day-to-day happiness ratings.

Material wealth does not affect happiness in the long term. “Wealth is like health; its utter absence can breed misery, yet having it is no guarantee of happiness.” Temporary Happiness Why do we need happiness? So we can reach our full potential!

Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs-happiness is associated with fulfillment at all levels. Tips to stay Happy by Alex Chou
and Isa Goldberg Happiness The Quest for "People are just as happy as they make their minds up to be."
--Abraham Lincoln What is
Happiness? According to neuroscientist Richard J. Davidson, Ph.D., "is a kind of placeholder for a constellation of positive emotional states. Of all the emotions, happiness is the one scientists least understand." happiness Works Consulted Cardoso, S. H. (2006, December 15). Hardwired for happiness. Retrieved from http://www.dana.org/printerfriendly.aspx?id=5514
Norton, M. & Dunn, E. (2012, July 1). How to buy happiness. Retrieved from http://www.cnn.com/2012/07/01/opinion/norton-how-to-buy-happiness/index.html
Rimer, S. (2011, Winter). The biology of emotion—and what it may teach us about helping people to live longer. Retrieved from http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/news/magazine/happiness-stress-heart-disease/
Bilton, N. (2010, July 22). Tracking the national mood through twitter. Retrieved from http://bits.blogs.nytimes.com/2010/07/22/tracking-u-s-mood-through-twitter/ How do we
achieve happiness? Stay in the moment! What makes happy? you http://www.polleverywhere.com/multiple_choice_polls/MzI1NTIyODE2 http://www.ted.com/talks/matt_killingsworth_want_to_be_happier_stay_in_the_moment.html Biology of Happiness Long Term Happiness Happiness has a biological basis in the brain. History of Happiness 1900 1973 1954 James Olds, Ph.D.,
and Peter Milner, Ph.D., discover "pleasure centers" Understand that material happiness is not long term happiness.
Be in control of your life.
Act happy.
Try to achieve “flow”
Have close relationships and intimate bonds.
Help others
Be grateful
Have faith Tips for being Happy! Solomon Snyder, M.D., and Candace Pert, Ph.D., discover opiate receptors
Stems from Mental and Physical Well-Being

High Self-Esteem
Being outgoing
Being friendly and agreeable
Have close friends or a satisfying marriage (or both!)
Sleep well and exercise. Happiness and the Nucleus Accumbens What else leads to
long-term happiness? http://www.cnn.com/2012/07/01/opinion/norton-how-to-buy-happiness/index.html Although personal income has increased in the US over the past 50 years, happiness ratings have stayed the same. nucleus accumbens Those who value love more than money report higher on happiness evaluations. The most active structure in pleasure centers is called the . Stimulation of the nucleus accumbens causes us to smile, laugh, and experience pleasurable feelings and overall happiness. Why does this happen? The Brain's
Reward System Makes us form judgements relative to a “neutral” level defined by our prior experience. Our perception of what is good and what is bad is based upon the variation from this “neutral” level.

"Continued pleasures wear off... Pleasure is always contingent upon change and disappears with continuous satisfaction."
--Nico Frijda 1. Brain receives and processes sensory stimulus indicating reward. 2. Cortex sends signal to ventral tegmental area (TGA) in midbrain. 3. VTA releases dopamine into nucleus accumbens, septum, amygdala, prefrontal cortex Is that it? Happiness is good for your mind and body. If you’re happy, you’ll be more optimistic, energetic, confident, and sociable. You’ll be better equipped to face adversity. You’ll live longer, and you’ll be less likely to become ill. The medial forebrain bundle (MFB)
connects all of these structures. Dopamine and the reward system Neurotransmitter that plays a major role in our reward system and addiction. The release of dopamine from our synapses can cause us to suffer from addiction, where uncontrollable urges result in destructive behavior. The Adaptation-Level Phenomenon Helping Others the "feel-good, do-good phenomenon" “Subjective well-being” -- self-perceived happiness or satisfaction with life (as opposed to objective well-being, evaluated by physical & economic indicators) Positive Thinking Endorphin Endo - morphine Discussion Questions 1. Which people do you think would have a higher quality of life?

A. Those who strive for wealth, recognition, and material gain.

B. Those who strive for intimacy, personal growth, and communal contributions. Endorphins also increase the release of dopamine. Set Points Do you have a happy place? We all have a unique set point of happiness 3. Are you happy? We all eventually return to our set point Happiness varies with time
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