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The Seven Contemporary Approaches to Psychology

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Omiete Erekosima

on 20 August 2014

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Transcript of The Seven Contemporary Approaches to Psychology

The Seven Contemporary Approaches to Psychology
By:
Omiete Erekosima

Psychology:
the scientific study of the human mind and its functions, especially those affecting behavior in a given context.
There are 7 approaches to psychology
Neuroscience
Evolutionary
Behavior Genetics
Psychodynamic
Behavioral
Cognitive
Socio-Cultural
Neuroscience
The Neuroscience Perspective of psychology is the study of one's nervous systems and related organs and how their functions and interactions affect one;s behaviors and behavioral patterns.
Rodger Sperry
Rodger W. Sperry was a researcher who discovered the various functions of the two hemispheres of the brain and developed techniques to measure these functions. His work greatly improved the treatment of Epilepsy.
Evolutionary
This field of psychology investigates how primal instincts and motives influence ones behavior.
Behavior Genetics
Behavior Genetics studies the impact that genes and hereditary disorders have on the human behavior.
Psychodynamic
The Psychodynamic approach studies the impulses ans instincts of the unconscious mind (often being sexual or aggressive in nature) and how these impulses clash with cultural norms.
Behavioral
Behavioral Psychology studies the learning process and how rewards and punishments influence learning.
Cognitive
Socio-Cultural
The Cognitive approach to Psychology studies the mechanisms that allow to receive, store, and process information.
The Socio-cultural approach of Psychology studies how behavior is influenced by society, history, and culture.
Professor Anne Campbell
Anne Campbell is a professor in Psychology at Durham University. Her work studied how gender influences aggression and sexual perceptions and standards.
sir Francis Galton
Sir Fancis Galton ( one of Charles Darwin's cousins ) studied the heritability of of human skills and abilities focusing on mental characteristics.He is hailed as one of the first behavioral geneticists.
Sigmund Freud
( You knew this one was coming )
The Father of Psychoanalysis, Sigmund developed techniques such as free association and transference. He also studied the impact that one's childhood had on their future behavioral patterns. Freud postulated that even young children ( and thus all of humanity) are driven by sexual impulses.
John Watson
John Watson founded behavioral Psychology. He believed that Psychology should be the objective study of observable behavior, and how to predict and control it. In his most notable experiment - dubbed the little Albert experiment - he conditioned a young boy to be afraid of a tiny mouse.
Nature VS. Nurture
Jean Piaget
Jean Piaget studied how children grew and developed cognitively. His work showed that children learn and reason in a totally different way than adults do. He also developed tests to reveal different cognitive abilities in an individual.
Stanley Milgram
Stanley Milgram is an American social Psychologist best known for his work studying authority and obedience. In the famous Milgram experiment ( conducted during the Nuremberg trials) Milgram showed that people are willing to cause extreme harm to one another if they willingly submit to one's authority.
This is The largest debate in the field of psychology. Does one's behavior stem solely from genetics, or does one acquire behaviors from condition in their surrounding environment?
Nature
This side of the argument poses the idea that behaviors are entirely genetic, that is to say, one acquires his or her behavior and behavioral patterns from the genetic material of their parents.
Nurture
This school of thought poses the idea that ones behavior and behavioral patterns are conditioned ( and promoted by ) by the environment. For example, a child has parents who smokes, the child grows up to become a smoker - not because he or she was genetically pre-disposed, but because smoking was a regular part of their childhood environment.
...Perhaps there in truth in both...
THE END
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