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The Lyre—Music History in 50 Minutes or Less

A multi-level presentation of the history of western art music, allowing for a brief overview or detailed exposition.
by

Mark Samples

on 21 September 2017

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Transcript of The Lyre—Music History in 50 Minutes or Less

Medieval
Renaissance
Baroque
Classic
Romantic
20th Century
21st Century
Ancient Music
(ca. 476-1450 A.D.)
(ca. 1400-1600)
(ca. 1600-1750)
(ca. 1720-1800)
(ca. 1800-1900)
Principal Genres
Major Composers
Key Developments
Chant
Mass
Organum
Motet
Chanson
Madrigal
Ex.: Justus ut palma (chant)
Ex.: Du Fay, Nuper rosarum flores (motet)
Léonin
Pérotin
Guillaume de Machaut
Francesco Landini
Philippe de Vitry
Organum (Polyphony)
Music notation: neumes
Measured music
Principal Genres
Major Composers
Key Developments
Principal Genres
Major Composers
Key Developments
Principal Genres
Major Composers
Key Developments
Principal Genres
Major Composers
Key Developments
Major Styles
Key Developments
Some Styles
Composers
Key Developments
Composers
Mass
Motet
Chanson
Madrigal
Ex.: Josquin, Ave Maria (motet)
Ex.: Marenzio, Solo e pensoso (madrigal)
John Dunstable
Guillaume Dufay
Johannes Ockeghem
Josquin des Prez
Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina
Orlandus Lassus
William Byrd
Luca Marenzio
Giovanni Gabrieli
Polyphonic Counterpoint
Imitation
Vocal Ranges
Opera (Recitative and Aria)
Oratorio (Recitative and Aria)
Cantata (Recitative and Aria)
Organ Music
Suite
Sonata
Concerto
Ex.: Monteverdi, L'Orfeo (opera)
Ex.: Corelli, Sonata No. 11 (trio sonata)
Ex. J. S. Bach, Christ lag in Todes Banden (Lutheran cantata)
Claudio MONTEVERDI
Girolamo FRESCOBALDI
Heinrich SCHÜTZ
Arcangelo CORELLI
Henry PURCELL
Alessandro SCARLATTI
François COUPERIN
Antonio VIVALDI
Jean-Philippe RAMEAU
Johann Sebastian BACH
George Frideric HANDEL
Domenico SCARLATTI
Dramatic Music (Opera)
Basso Continuo
Secularization of Music
Rise of Instrumental Music
Rise of the Middle Class
Opera
Concerto
Sonata
String Quartet
Symphony
Ex.: Haydn Symphony No. 45
Ex.: Mozart Symphony No. 40
Christoph Willibald GLUCK
Franz Joseph HAYDN
Wolfgang Amadeus MOZART
Ludwig van BEETHOVEN
Sonata Form
Elegent Simplicity
Enlightenment Rationality
Objective Emotion
Symphonic Poem
Symphony
Concerto
Piano Music
Art Song
Opera
Ex.: Beethoven Symphony No. 5
Ex.: Rossini, L'italiana in Algeri (opera)
Ex.: Schubert, Erlkönig (art song)
Ex.: Liszt, Grandes Études (piano etude)
Ex.: Bizet, Carmen (opera)
Ex.: Strauss, Salome (opera)
Franz SCHUBERT
Gioacchino ROSSINI
Hector BERLIOZ
Fréderic CHOPIN
Franz LISZT
Richard WAGNER
Giuseppi VERDI
Johannes BRAHMS
Gustav MAHLER
Richard STRAUSS
Innigkeit
Composer's Personal Subjective Expression
Form Follows Content
Sound, Sound, Sound!
Higher, Faster, Louder!
Impressionism
Symbolism
Expressionism
Atonality
Primitivism
Jazz
Popular Music
Soviet Socialist Realism
Chance Music
Minimalism
Ex.: Schoenberg, Pierrot Lunaire (atonality)
Ex.: Stravinsky, Rite of Spring (primitivism)
Ex.: Cage, Bacchanale (American Experimentalism)
Ex.: Reich, Music for 18 Musicians (minimalism)
Claude DEBUSSY
Béla BARTÓK
Arnold SCHOENBERG
Maurice RAVEL
Igor STRAVINSKY
Alban BERG
Dmitri SHOSTAKOVICH
Edgard VARÈSE
John CAGE
Krzysztof PENDERECKI
Eliott CARTER
Luciano BERIO
Karlheinz STOCKHAUSEN
Sofia GUBAIDULINA
Philip GLASS
Steve REICH
John ADAMS
Breakdown of Convention in Favor of Individual Choice
Breakdown of Answer to Question: "What Is Music?"
Breakdown of Common-Practice Harmony: "Atonality"
Breakdown of Barriers Between Art Music and Popular Music

Music Technology (esp. Recorded Music)
Proliferation of Mass Mediated Music
John ADAMS
Tan DUN
Sufjan STEVENS
Nico MUHLY
Osvaldo GOLIJOV
Eric WHITACRE
Johnny GREENWOOD
Alexandre DESPLAT
The Bad Plus
Minimalism
New Tonality
Jazz
Hip Hop
Ex.: The Bad Plus
Digital Technology
Digital Sampling
Hybridization of Styles
Decline of "Classical" Music
Commodification of Music
Ex.: Epitaph of Seikilos
Full transcript