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Mixedwood Plains Ecozone Project

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Casey Gallivan

on 10 December 2012

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Transcript of Mixedwood Plains Ecozone Project

Mixedwood Plains Ecozone Geographical Aspects By: Casey Gallivan Major Cities within the
Mixedwood Plains ecozone Toronto, Ontario Montreal, Quebec London, Ontario Population: 2 615 060 Population: 1 649 519 Population: 366 151 Mixedwood Plains Introduction The Mixedwood Plains ecozone only takes up 9% of Canada, yet it holds more than 51% of Canada's population. It is located in Southwestern Ontario and Southern Quebec. It stretches from Windsor to Quebec City; Manitoulin Island all the way to Middle Island. The Mixedwood Plains has two of Canada's largest cities, and many beautiful national and provincial parks. Although the Mixedwood Plains is the smallest ecozone, there is plenty to do here; from skiing to rock climbing; swimming to hiking, this ecozone has it all. Table of Contents Boulder Beach, Bruce Peninsula Human Activity/Tourism Highest point: Quebec City
Longitude/Latitude- 41.6833°N, 82.6833°W
Lowest Point: Middle Island, Lake Erie
Longitude/Latitude- 46.8902°N, 71.2189°W Did
know? The most southern tip of the Mixedwood Plains and Canada isn't actually Point Pelee, it is a very small island a little farther south from Point Pelee, called Middle Island on Lake Erie! This means that parts of warm beautiful California are farther north than this part of Ontario! The Mixedwood Plains has a Maritime Climate, seeing as it is surrounded with 3 Great Lakes, Lake Huron, Erie and Ontario. It is connected to the St. Lawrence River. The weather here changes on a day to day basis, mostly consisting of rain, sun, wind and snow. The Mixedwood Plains happens to be a major storm track in North America.

Look at one major city, such as Toronto, for example. Toronto's growing season is from April to October, and the temperature range is around 26.4°C, and the average annual temperature is around 9.2°C. The total annual precipitation is 834mm, which also proves that this is a Maritime Climate. The Mixedwood Plains ecozone is in the Eastern Time Zone. The Mixedwood Plains has cool, short winters and long warm summers. The average total precipitation is from 700 to 1000 mm. Climate/Time Zone The Mixedwood Plains is the smallest of the ecozones, but by far has the largest population. As of 2006, the Mixedwood Plains has over 51% of Canada's population with 14 016 000 people. Flowerpot Island, Fathom Five National Marine Park Devil's Monument Lookout Indian's Head Cove Webster's Falls Population Density and Distribution Some examples:
CN Tower
Canada's Wonderland
Air Canada Centre
Sky Dome
Royal Ontario Museum
Toronto Island
Toronto Zoo
Casa Loma
Playdium Mississauga
Webster's Falls
Queen's Park
Union Staion
Eaton Centre
Toronto International Film Festival
Hockey Hall of Fame
Ricoh Coliseum Niagara Peninsula
Casino Rama
Great Wolf Lodge
Ripley's Believe It or Not! Museum
Fallsview Indoor Waterpark
Guiness World of Records Museum
Battlefield House Museum
Nightmares Fear Factory
Bruce Trail (starts at Queenston Heights and ends in Tobermory) Bruce Peninsula
Greig's Caves
Sauble Beach
Boulder Beach
Devil's Monument
Shops of Tobermory
Flowerpot Island
Blue Heron Glass Bottom Cruises
Bruce Trail (900km)
Fathom Five National Marine Park Ottawa and area
Saunders Farm
Thousand Islands Tour/Boldt Castle
Rideau Canal/Hall
Parliament of Canada
The RCMP Musical Ride
Royal Canadian Mint
Canadian War Museum The natural resources, rocks and minerals, vegetation, land formation, lay of the land and soil in the Mixedwood Plains. Although the Mixedwood Plains is the smallest ecozone only taking up 9% of the land, it has 51% of Canada's population. Since this ecozone is so small, the 14 016 000 people live very close to each other. In Quebec, 80% of the population live in Quebec City, Trois-Rivieres and Montreal, and in Ontario, 90% of the population live in the Mixedwood Plains.

The population distribution is much higher than anywhere in Canada, at 14 606.81 people per/km^2. Montreal/Quebec City
Mount Royal
Grand Prix du Canada
Just for Laughs Festival
Hotel du Parliement
Plains of Abraham
Carnaval de Quebec
Montreal Deisgn and Fashion Festival
The Big 'O' Olympic Stadium
Notre-Dame Basilica
Tour de la Bourse
Montreal World Trade Centre Area: 630 km^2
43.6481°N, 79.4042°W

Largest city in Canada and has the World famous tallest free standing structure. Land and Rocks The Mixedwood Plains has very flat plains, with some rolling hills. It reaches 3 Great Lakes, and the St. Lawrence River. Also, the Mixedwood Plains is lucky to have a large variety of vegetation. It has many different types of coniferous trees like red and white pine, eastern red and white cedar, black spruce and eastern hemlock. Some examples of deciduous trees include red and white oak, silver, red, striped and sugar maple and red mulberry. Area: 431.5 km^2
45.5081°N, 73.5550°W

Second largest city in Canada and held the Summer Olympics in 1976. Area: 420.57km^2
42.9837°N, 81.2497°W

Eleventh largest city in Canada and is approximately the halfway point between Michigan and Toronto. Barrie/Wasaga Beach
Lake Simcoe
Molson Canadian Centre
Ribfest and Craft Beer Show
Barrie Film Festival
Orillia Beatles Fest
Stephen Leacock House Museum
6 public fresh water beaches of Wasaga Beach This ecozone has the most fertile and productive soils in Canada. Some examples are Podzols, Luvisols and Brunisols. Luvisols soil is very rich and great for farming, and usually develop underneath forests from glacial deposits. Podzols and Brunisols are more course, so they aren't useful when it comes to farming. Instead, they are used in recreation and forestry. Endangered animals and plants/vegetation are kept in restricted areas in the Mixedwood Plains since a small amount of natural vegetation is left in this ecozone. The Mixedwood Plains has leached, rich wet climate soils.

More than 11 000 years ago, the Mixedwood Plains was underneath 1 km of ice. When the Ice Age ended, glacial action left very large clay deposits. Paleozoic and Mesozoic sedimentary rock are left underneath fields, malls and centres. A very rich bedrock remains underneath most of this ecozone. There are mostly level/flat plains with some gentle rolling hills. These hills were formed by glaciers and the St. Lawrence Lowlands were formed by faulting and flooded valleys from the Champlain Sea. This ecozone produces copper, zinc, nickel and gold and are a small part of the gas and oil industry. Bernhardt, Torsten. "Canadian Biodiversity: Ecozones: Mixedwood Plains." Canadian Biodiversity: Ecozones: Mixedwood Plains. Torsten Bernhardt, n.d. Web. 09 Dec. 2012. <http://canadianbiodiversity.mcgill.ca/english/ecozones/mixedwoodplains/mixedwoodplains.htm>.

"Indian's Head Cove." Campcelticca Bruce Peninsula Comments. N.p., 2012. Web. 09 Dec. 2012. <http://campceltic.ca/gallery/bruce-peninsula/>.

Earle, Kim, Bruce Clark, and John K. Wallace. Making Connections. Second ed. Toronto: Susan Cox, 2006. Print. Canada's Geography.

N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Dec. 2012. <http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/94/Mixedwood_Plains_Ecozone_%28Environment_Canada%29_2012.png>. Georgian Bay Hiking to Boulder Beach in Bibliography, Map of Mixedwood Plains and Photography Economics The total population of the Mixedwood Plains is 15 631 830. It has a GDP of $325.2 billion with lots of recreation, manufacturing, urbanization and agriculture. Whoever thought that the smallest ecozone could bring in that much money and have such a high population? Bibliography 1-Introduction
2-Climate and Time Zone
3-Land and Rocks
4-Geographical Aspects and Economics
5-Population Density and Distribution
6-3 Major cities in the ecozone
7-Human Activities and Tourism
8-Bibliography, Map and Photography
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