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Transcript of Sicily
Vandals --> Byzantine --> Arabs -->
Normans --> Bourbons
Sicily has long been noted for its fertile soil due to the volcanic eruptions in the past and present. Sicilian cuisine shows traces of all the cultures which established themselves on the island of Sicily over the last two millennia. Although its cuisine is predominantly based on Italian cuisine, Sicilian food also has Spanish, Greek and Arab influences. Sicilia Sicily largest island in Italy
Regione Siciliana (Sicilian Region)
located in the central Mediterranean. It extends to the tip of the Apennine peninsula from which it is separated only by the Strait of Mesina Brief History As part of the Risorgimento (Italian Unification), Sicily became part of the Kingdom of Italy on March 17, 1861. Ethno-Linguistics and Politics Ethno-Linguistics * Lombard of Sicily - a linguistic minority living in northern-central Sicily speaking an isolated variety of Gallo-Italic dialects * Arbereshe - settled in Southern Italy Politics * The politics of Sicily takes place in a framework of a presidential representative democracy, whereby the President of Regional Government is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the Regional Government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Sicilian Regional Assembly. Conquerors Provinces of Sicily Agriculture The main agricultural products are wheat, citrons, oranges (Arancia Rossa di Sicilia IGP), lemons, tomatoes (Pomodoro di Pachino), olives, olive oil, artichokes, Opuntia ficus-indica (Fico d'India dell'Etna), almonds, grapes, pistachios (Pistacchio di Bronte) and wine. Cattle and sheep are raised. The cheese productions are particularly important thanks to the Ragusano and the Pecorino Siciliano. Ragusa is noted for its honey (Miele Ibleo) and chocolate (Cioccolato di Modica) productions. Sicily is the third largest wine producer in Italy (the world's largest wine producer) after Veneto and Emilia Romagna. Mazzara del Vallo is the largest fishing centre in Sicily and one of the most important in Italy. Religion Many religions can be found in Sicily:
Three different Roman Catholic churches for architectural type in Sicily Monreale Cathedral
Arab-Norman Noto CathedralSicilian Baroque Our Lady of Tears Shrine, Syracuse
Postmodern architecture Acireale piazza duomo Campanile e Chiesa di San Pietro Duomo Taormina San domenico Church Acireale. Cuisine Appetizers Caponata Gattò di patate Pasta Spaghetti ai ricci Pasta alle sarde Pasta alla Norma Manicotti Main Dish Couscous Pesce spada alla ghiotta
Desserts and Sweets Cassata Frutta martorana
UNESCO World Heritage Sites
Late Baroque Towns of the Val di Noto Valle dei Templi
Villa Romana del Casale
Syracuse and the Rocky Necropolis of Pantalica