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Strange Stories Test
Transcript of Strange Stories Test
Strange Stories? Testing Process Citations Autism 101. (2009). Retrieved from http://sgspsychology.webs.com/autism.htm Davies, J. (2008, OCT 12). A selection of strange stories. Retrieved from http://www.slideshare.net/jamiedavies/a-selection-of-strange-stories-presentation-652250 Kaland, N., Moller-Nielsen, A., Smith, L., Mortensen, E. L., Callesen,K.,
& Gottlieb, D. (2005).
The strange stories test : a replication study of children and adolescents with asperger syndrome . European child & Adolescent psychiatry, 14(2), 73-82. doi: 10.1007/s00787-005-0434-2 Examples of Questions http://www.slideshare.net/jamiedavies/a-selection-of-strange-stories-presentation-652250 How Does it Test? ~24 short stories, each with 60-70 words finished with an ambiguous ending (an ending that can be understood two different ways)
~It then asks two questions. A control question about physical events and an experimental question about what people meant, intended or understood. Why is it Significant? ~First providing this test to a 'normal' nine year old, and then to an adult who has autism; they may perform the same at the control question, but the nine year old will out preform the adult on the experimental question. What Does it Test? ~Social Skills such as
Pretense, Joke, Lie,
White Lie, Figure of Speech,
Misunderstanding, Persuasion, Irony,
Double Bluff and Contrary Emotions,
Appearance/Reality and Forgetting Mental Blindness? ~Developed by Francesca Happe in 1994
~Tests the Theory of Mind in adults with Autism and Aspergers
~Designed to be challenging for children
younger than ten, therefore adults
with autism also find it challenging ~Children who fail to develop ToM develop what Simon Baron-Cohen quoted as mental blindness.
~ToM leads to playing make-believe, dressing up, pretending to be a fictional character, and talking to dolls; things children with Autism don't do. Theory of Mind ~Theory of Mind (ToM) is the ability to infer mental states in other people
~Most people develop ToM around the age of two
~People with Autism Spectrum Disorders may lack ToM or have what is called 'mental blindness'