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sickle cell amemia
Transcript of sickle cell amemia
3rd hour Sickle Cell Anemia This disorder is passed from parent to children. It is a condition in which the red blood cells can take on a curved shape, like a sickle. Sickle Cell Anemia definition A chronic hereditary blood disease, occurring primarily among Africans or persons of African descent, in which abnormal hemoglobin causes red blood cells to become sickle-shaped and nonfunctional, characterized by enlarged spleen, chronic anemia, lethargy, weakness, joint pain, and blood clot formation. How it is passed on Birth defects Some birth defects are:
rapid heart rate
shortness of breath
yellowing of the skin and eyes
pictures of sickle cell How is it prevented? Your parents carry it, which means there is no way to prevent what traits you get from your parents at conception. When & how is it diagnosed? A blood test can diagnose sickle cell disease, doctors are not able to predict how seriously the disease will affect someone. There is no easy test to identify which patients will have almost normal life spans, very few painful crises, and little damage to their body due to their sickled cells, and which patients will have frequent, painful crises and drastically reduced life spans. For this reason, deciding on a course of treatment can be very difficult. How common is it? Only 70,000 people in the U.S have Sickle cell. About 1,000 children are born with Sickle Cell Disease in this country a year.In the United States, about 1 in every 500 African Americans are born with the disease. Hispanic Americans also are affected at a rate of about 1 in 1,000 to 1,400. Treatment options Your doctor can prescribe antibiotics, pain
medication or even a blood transfer if the disease
is bad enough. How does the family deal with it all Families will need to give up a lot of time, to be there for their child when he/she is getting the help they need. They will also be giving up a lot of money to pay for the medications and all the visits to the doctors offices and the hospitals. sources http://www.helpstartshere.org/health-wellness/living-with-illness-how-social-workers-help-sickle-cell-disease-pain-control-with-children.html